In this communication, we report that iron overload augments benzoyl peroxide (BPO)-mediated tumor promotion in 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)-initiated mouse skin. Female albino Swiss mice were overloaded with iron and tumors were initiated by applying a single topical application of DMBA. A week after the initiation, promoting agent, BPO, was applied three times/week for 46 weeks. The appearance of the first tumor (papilloma) and the number of tumors/mouse were recorded. When compared to the control group, the iron-overloaded mice showed an increased incidence of tumors at various time intervals. In iron-overloaded animals, tumors appeared earlier and also the number of tumors/mouse was significantly higher. These data could be correlated with the iron levels of mouse skin in the two groups. Further, BPO-mediated induction in ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity and [3H]thymidine incorporation in cutaneous DNA were higher in the iron overload group. In addition, in iron-overloaded mice, cutaneous lipid peroxidation (LPO) and xanthine oxidase (XOD) activities were higher, whereas catalase activity was reduced. Similar to papilloma induction, a significant increase in carcinoma yield and incidence was observed in iron-overloaded animals. Based on this study, we propose that iron overload significantly increases the tumor promotion and progression potential of BPO. We suggest that oxidative stress generated by iron overload is responsible for the augmentation of BPO-mediated cutaneous tumorigenesis.