This research investigated the relationship between both work-to-family conflict (WFC) and family-to-work conflict (FWC) and three nonattendance behaviors: absenteeism, leaving work early, and tardiness. Findings indicate that while WFC had a positive main effect on leaving work early, FWC did not, and neither type of conflict was related to tardiness. However, gender and kinship responsibility (KR) interacted with WFC to predict nonattendance behavior. Women with high WFC had the highest incidence of absences. Employees with high KR and high WFC had the highest incidence of leaving work early. The implications of these findings are discussed. © 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.