© 2017 S. Karger AG, Basel. Over 50% of adults with HIV exhibit some form of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder, ranging from mild asymptomatic neurocognitive impairment to HIV-associated dementia. As adults age with HIV and become susceptible to cardiovascular and metabolic comorbidities, the prevalence and severity of such neurocognitive disorders are likely to increase. With compromised renal and hepatic functioning often accompanying HIV, pharmaceutical interventions to address such neurocognitive disorders may not be the best strategy and are not without risks. Fortunately, as noted in the geriatric literature, cognitive training strategies have been shown to improve targeted neurocognitive domains and everyday functioning. A review of some of these cognitive training strategies, especially as they relate to aging with HIV, are highlighted and explained in the context of neuroAIDS, aging, and neurocognitive reserve. Implications for practice and research are provided.