Self‐Regulated Facial Muscle Tension Effects on Intraocular Pressure

Academic Article


  • This study was designed to examine the relationship between orbicularis muscle tension around the eyes and fluctuations in intraocular pressure (IOP) in normal subjects. Using a biofeedback paradigm, 20 male and female subjects were asked to increase and decrease their EMG activity from the orbicularis muscle while receiving EMG feedback. Subjects received 3 alternating blocks of trials in which they attempted to increase and decrease muscle tension while maintaining the eyes open. A fourth trial consisted of a forceful closure of the eyes during the increase period. IOP was measured every 60 s throughout the entire sequence, and electrodes placed above and below the eye recorded eyeblinks. Results suggest that IOP increases with increases in facial muscle tension in normal subjects, a finding which cannot be accounted for by changes in eyeblink frequency. These results imply that increases in IOP occur during periods of increased muscle tension around the eye and suggest that muscle tension levels should be examined among individuals who have abnormally high IOP levels. Copyright © 1984, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved
  • Published In

  • Psychophysiology  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Silvia ESM; Raczynski JM; Kleinstein RN
  • Start Page

  • 79
  • End Page

  • 82
  • Volume

  • 21
  • Issue

  • 1