BH3 mimetics suppress CXCL12 expression in human malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor cells.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) are aggressive, Schwann cell-derived neoplasms of the peripheral nervous system that have recently been shown to possess an autocrine CXCL12/CXCR4 signaling loop that promotes tumor cell proliferation and survival. Importantly, the CXCL12/CXCR4 signaling axis is driven by availability of the CXCL12 ligand rather than CXCR4 receptor levels alone. Therefore, pharmacological reduction of CXCL12 expression could be a potential chemotherapeutic target for patients with MPNSTs or other pathologies wherein the CXCL12/CXCR4 signaling axis is active. AT101 is a well-established BCL-2 homology domain 3 (BH3) mimetic that we recently demonstrated functions as an iron chelator and thus acts as a hypoxia mimetic. In this study, we found that AT101 significantly reduces CXCL12 mRNA and secreted protein in established human MPNST cell lines in vitro. This effect was recapitulated by other BH3 mimetics [ABT-737 (ABT), obatoclax (OBX) and sabutoclax (SBX)] but not by desferrioxamine (DFO), an iron chelator and known hypoxia mimetic. These data suggest that CXCL12 reduction is a function of AT101's BH3 mimetic property rather than its iron chelation ability. Additionally, this study investigates a potential mechanism of BH3 mimetic-mediated CXCL12 suppression: liberation of a negative CXCL12 transcriptional regulator, poly (ADP-Ribose) polymerase I (PARP1) from its physical interaction with BCL-2. These data suggest that clinically available BH3 mimetics might prove therapeutically useful at least in part by virtue of their ability to suppress CXCL12 expression.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Oncotarget  Journal
  • Keywords

  • AT101, BH3 mimetic, CXCL12, MPNST, PARP1, Antineoplastic Agents, Biphenyl Compounds, Cell Line, Tumor, Chemokine CXCL12, Down-Regulation, Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic, Gossypol, Humans, Indoles, Molecular Mimicry, Neurilemmoma, Nitrophenols, Piperazines, Poly (ADP-Ribose) Polymerase-1, Protein Binding, Protein Interaction Domains and Motifs, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2, Pyrroles, Sulfonamides
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Graham CD; Kaza N; Pruitt HC; Gibson LM; Klocke BJ; Shevde LA; Carroll SL; Roth KA
  • Start Page

  • 8670
  • End Page

  • 8678
  • Volume

  • 8
  • Issue

  • 5