BACKGROUND: In 2014, new hypertension guidelines liberalized blood pressure goals for persons 60 years and older. Little is known about the implications for blacks. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using data from 2000 through 2011 for 5280 participants in the Jackson Heart Study, a community-based black cohort in Jackson, Mississippi, we examined whether higher blood pressure was associated with greater risk of mortality and heart failure hospitalization, and whether the risk was the same across age groups. We investigated associations between baseline blood pressure and both mortality and heart failure hospitalization. We also tested for interactions between age and blood pressure in the mortality model. Median systolic and diastolic blood pressures at baseline were 125 mm Hg (25th-75th percentile, 114-137 mm Hg) and 79 mm Hg (72-86 mm Hg), respectively. Median follow-up was 9 years for mortality and 7 years for heart failure hospitalization. After multivariable adjustment, every 10 mm Hg increase in systolic blood pressure was associated with greater risks of mortality (hazard ratio, 1.12; 95% CI, 1.06-1.17) and heart failure hospitalization (1.07; 95% CI, 1.00-1.14). The mortality risk per 10 mm Hg increase in systolic blood pressure was greater in participants younger than 60 years (1.26; 95% CI, 1.13-1.42) than among participants 60 years and older (1.09; 95% CI, 1.03-1.15). CONCLUSIONS: Adults in all age groups were at greater risk of mortality as systolic blood pressure increased. In the context of the 2014 hypertension guidelines, these findings should be considered when determining treatment goals in black patients.