A functional ATG16L1 (T300A) variant is associated with necrotizing enterocolitis in premature infants.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • BACKGROUND: The genetic basis of dysfunctional immune responses in necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) remains unknown. We hypothesized that variants in nucleotide binding and oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptors (NLRs) and autophagy (ATG) genes modulate vulnerability to NEC. METHODS: We genotyped a multi-center cohort of premature infants with and without NEC for NOD1, NOD2, ATG16L1, CARD8, and NLRP3 variants. Chi-square tests and logistic regression were used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: In our primary cohort (n = 1,015), 86 (8.5%) infants developed NEC. The A allele of the ATG16L1 (Thr300Ala) variant was associated with increased NEC (AA vs. AG vs. GG; 11.3 vs. 8.4 vs. 4.8%, P = 0.009). In regression models for NEC that adjusted for epidemiological confounders, GA (P = 0.033) and the AA genotype (P = 0.038) of ATG16L1 variant were associated with NEC. The association between the A allele of the ATG16L1 variant and NEC remained significant among Caucasian infants (P = 0.02). In a replication cohort (n = 259), NEC rates were highest among infants with the AA genotype but did not reach statistical significance. CONCLUSION: We report a novel association between a hypomorphic variant in an autophagy gene (ATG16L1) and NEC in premature infants. Our data suggest that decreased autophagy arising from genetic variants may confer protection against NEC.
  • Published In

  • Pediatric Research  Journal
  • Keywords

  • Alleles, Autophagy, Autophagy-Related Proteins, Carrier Proteins, Cohort Studies, Enterocolitis, Necrotizing, European Continental Ancestry Group, Female, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Genetic Variation, Genotype, Humans, Infant, Newborn, Infant, Premature, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Sampath V; Bhandari V; Berger J; Merchant D; Zhang L; Ladd M; Menden H; Garland J; Ambalavanan N; Mulrooney N
  • Start Page

  • 582
  • End Page

  • 588
  • Volume

  • 81
  • Issue

  • 4