Twice-daily fractionation of external irradiation with brachytherapy and chemotherapy in carcinoma of the cervix with positive para-aortic lymph nodes: Phase II study of the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group 92-10.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the toxicity and efficacy of twice-daily external irradiation to the pelvis and para-aortics with brachytherapy and concurrent chemotherapy for carcinoma of the cervix with positive para-aortic lymph nodes. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This study was designed to administer twice-daily radiation doses of 1.2 Gy to the pelvis and para-aortics at 4- to 6-h intervals, 5 days per week. The total external radiation doses were 24 to 48 Gy to the whole pelvis, 12 to 36 Gy parametrial boost, and 48 Gy to the para-aortics with an additional boost to a total dose of 54 to 58 Gy to the known metastatic para-aortic site. One or two intracavitary applications were performed to deliver a total minimum dose of 85 Gy to point A. Cisplatin (75 mg/m2, days 1 and 22) and 5-FU (1000 mg/m2/24 h x 4 days; days 1 and 22) were given for two or three cycles. RESULTS: Twenty-nine patients with clinical Stages I to IV carcinoma of the cervix with biopsy-proven para-aortic lymph nodes were enrolled in this study. Hyperfractionated external radiotherapy was completed in 86% (25 of 29). Brachytherapy was given in two applications to 48% (14 of 29), 31% (9 of 29) had one intracavitary application, 14% (4 of 29) had no brachytherapy, one had three applications, and one had five HDR applications. Radiotherapy was completed per protocol in 69%. Three courses of chemotherapy were given to 24% (7 of 29), 72% (21 of 29) received two courses, and one patient did not receive chemotherapy. The acute toxicity from chemotherapy was Grade 1 in 3%, Grade 2 in 17%, Grade 3 in 48%, and Grade 4 in 28%. Radiotherapy toxicity was Grade 1 in 7%, Grade 2 in 34%, Grade 3 in 21%, and Grade 4 in 28%. One Grade 5 toxicity occurred and the patient died from a myocardial infarction from chemotherapy and radiotherapy colitis during her course of therapy. The median follow-up time was 18.9 months. The overall survival estimates were 59% at 1 year and 47% at 2 years. The probability of local-regional failure was 38% at 1 year and 49% at 2 years. The probability of disease failure at any site was 45% at 1 year and 59% at 2 years. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that twice-daily external irradiation to the pelvis and para-aortics with brachytherapy and concurrent chemotherapy resulted in an unacceptably high rate (31%, 9 of 29) of Grade 4 nonhematologic toxicity. One patient died from complications of therapy. Radiotherapy was completed per protocol in 69%. The survival estimates appear no better than standard fractionation radiotherapy without chemotherapy. Additional follow-up is necessary for long-term survival estimates.
  • Keywords

  • Adenocarcinoma, Adult, Aged, Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols, Brachytherapy, Carcinoma, Adenosquamous, Carcinoma, Squamous Cell, Cisplatin, Combined Modality Therapy, Dose Fractionation, Radiation, Feasibility Studies, Female, Fluorouracil, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Lymphatic Metastasis, Middle Aged, Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
  • Author List

  • Grigsby PW; Lu JD; Mutch DG; Kim RY; Eifel PJ
  • Start Page

  • 817
  • End Page

  • 822
  • Volume

  • 41
  • Issue

  • 4