Normalized average glandular dose in molybdenum target-rhodium filter and rhodium target-rhodium filter mammography.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • PURPOSE: To determine the normalized glandular dose (DgN) for molybdenum target-rhodium filter (Mo-Rh) and rhodium target-rhodium filter (Rh-Rh) mammography and compare the average glandular doses (Dg) that resulted with a conventional molybdenum target-molybdenum filter (Mo-Mo) source assembly. MATERIALS AND METHODS: X-ray spectra models for Mo-Rh and Rh-Rh were developed and used to calculate DgN values for these target-filter combinations as a function of x-ray tube potential, half-value layer, and breast thickness for three breast compositions. For the average glandular dose comparisons, 50/50 phantoms were imaged for the three target-filter source assemblies at three tube potentials. RESULTS: For the same parameters, DgN values for Mo-Rh and Rh-Rh were higher than for Mo-Mo. At the same voltage, the exposures required to image breast phantoms are substantially lower, and as a result, Dgs are also less with Mo-Rh and Rh-Rh than with Mo-Mo. CONCLUSION: DgN values presented permit practical evaluations of average glandular doses for Mo-Rh and Rh-Rh mammography. At a given potential, dose savings are realized with Mo-Rh and Rh-Rh source assemblies.
  • Published In

  • Radiology  Journal
  • Keywords

  • Adipose Tissue, Breast, Female, Humans, Mammography, Models, Structural, Molybdenum, Radiation Dosage, Radiation Protection, Rhodium, Skin, X-Ray Intensifying Screens
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Wu X; Gingold EL; Barnes GT; Tucker DM
  • Start Page

  • 83
  • End Page

  • 89
  • Volume

  • 193
  • Issue

  • 1