The role of ventral striatal cAMP signaling in stress-induced behaviors

Academic Article

Abstract

  • ¬© 2015 Nature America, Inc. All rights reserved. The cAMP and cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA) signaling cascade is a ubiquitous pathway acting downstream of multiple neuromodulators. We found that the phosphorylation of phosphodiesterase-4 (PDE4) by cyclin-dependent protein kinase 5 (Cdk5) facilitated cAMP degradation and homeostasis of cAMP/PKA signaling. In mice, loss of Cdk5 throughout the forebrain elevated cAMP levels and increased PKA activity in striatal neurons, and altered behavioral responses to acute or chronic stressors. Ventral striatum-or D1 dopamine receptor-specific conditional knockout of Cdk5, or ventral striatum infusion of a small interfering peptide that selectively targeted the regulation of PDE4 by Cdk5, produced analogous effects on stress-induced behavioral responses. Together, our results demonstrate that altering cAMP signaling in medium spiny neurons of the ventral striatum can effectively modulate stress-induced behavioral states. We propose that targeting the Cdk5 regulation of PDE4 could be a new therapeutic approach for clinical conditions associated with stress, such as depression.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Plattner F; Hayashi K; Hern√°ndez A; Benavides DR; Tassin TC; Tan C; Day J; Fina MW; Yuen EY; Yan Z
  • Start Page

  • 1094
  • End Page

  • 1100
  • Volume

  • 18
  • Issue

  • 8