Birth asphyxia survivors in a developing country.

Academic Article


  • OBJECTIVE: Determine the baseline incidence of birth asphyxia in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) survivors in a developing country and the early neurodevelopmental outcomes of such infants. STUDY DESIGN: This cross-sectional, prospective study collected diagnostic and examination findings on all infants seen in the University of Zambia NICU follow-up clinic over a 4-week period. RESULT: Of the 182 infants, 42 (23%) had a clinical diagnosis of birth asphyxia. Of 42 infants with birth asphyxia, 13 (31%) had an abnormal neurologic examination during the clinic visit; in contrast, 13 of 141 infants without birth asphyxia (9%) had an abnormal examination (odds ratio 4.4, 95% confidence interval: 1.8, 10.4). CONCLUSION: Birth asphyxia survivors account for almost a quarter of NICU survivors in a developing country and half of those with an abnormal neurologic examination. Studies are necessary to determine the percent of birth asphyxia survivors who have permanent motor and cognitive disabilities.
  • Authors

    Published In


  • Asphyxia Neonatorum, Developing Countries, Developmental Disabilities, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Incidence, Infant, Infant, Newborn, Intensive Care Units, Neonatal, Male, Neurologic Examination, Odds Ratio, Retrospective Studies, Survivors, Zambia
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Halloran DR; McClure E; Chakraborty H; Chomba E; Wright LL; Carlo WA
  • Start Page

  • 243
  • End Page

  • 249
  • Volume

  • 29
  • Issue

  • 3