Regenerative capacity and biochemical composition of the sea star Luidia clathrata (Say) (Echinodermata: Asteroidea) under conditions of near-future ocean acidification

Academic Article

Abstract

  • The present study examines sublethal effects of near-future (year 2100) ocean acidification (OA) on regenerative capacity, biochemical composition, and behavior of the sea star Luidia clathrata, a predominant predator in sub-tropical soft-bottom habitats. Two groups of sea stars, each with two arms excised, were maintained on a formulated diet in seawater bubbled with air alone (pH 8.2, approximating a pCO2 of 380μatm) or with a controlled mixture of air/C02 (pH 7.8, approximating a pCO2 of 780μatm). Arm length, total body wet weight, and righting responses were measured weekly. After 97days, a period of time sufficient for 80% arm regeneration, pyloric caecal indices, and protein, carbohydrate, lipid, and ash levels were determined for body wall and pyloric caecal tissues of intact and regenerating arms of individuals held in both seawater pH treatments. The present study indicates that predicted near-term levels of ocean acidification (seawater pH 7.8) do not significantly impact whole animal growth, arm regeneration rates, biochemical composition, or righting behavior in this common soft bottom sea star. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Schram JB; McClintock JB; Angus RA; Lawrence JM
  • Start Page

  • 266
  • End Page

  • 274
  • Volume

  • 407
  • Issue

  • 2