Positions

Selected Publications

Academic Article

Year Title Altmetric
2018 Cytomegalovirus promotes intestinal macrophage-mediated mucosal inflammation through induction of Smad7 2018
2018 CD103 (αE Integrin) Undergoes Endosomal Trafficking in Human Dendritic Cells, but Does Not Mediate Epithelial Adhesion 2018
2017 Helicobacter pylori infection is associated with an altered gastric microbiota in children 2017
2017 Characterization of human blood monocytes and intestinal macrophages 2017
2017 Differential regulation of CD103 (αE integrin) expression in human dendritic cells by retinoic acid and Toll-like receptor ligands 2017
2017 CD4 regulatory T cells augment HIV-1 expression of polarized M1 and M2 monocyte derived macrophages 2017
2016 Elucidating the Role of the Interleukin-10 Receptor in Mucosal Inflammation Uncovers a Potential Treatment for Infantile Inflammatory Bowel Disease 2016
2015 Mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission events are differentially impacted by breast milk and its components from HIV-1-infected women 2015
2015 Bioenergetic programming of macrophages by the apolipoprotein A-I mimetic peptide 4F 2015
2015 Human gastric epithelial cells contribute to gastric immune regulation by providing retinoic acid to dendritic cells 2015
2014 Microbiota, the immune system, black moods and the brain—melancholia updated 2014
2014 Differential glycosylation of envelope gp120 is associated with differential recognition of HIV-1 by virus-specific antibodies and cell infection 2014
2014 Brain angiogenesis inhibitor 1 is expressed by gastric phagocytes during infection with Helicobacter pylori and mediates the recognition and engulfment of human apoptotic gastric epithelial cells 2014
2014 Cytomegalovirus enhances macrophage TLR expression and MyD88-mediated signal transduction to potentiate inducible inflammatory responses 2014
2014 Exosomes in the gut 2014
2014 Gastric microbiome and gastric cancer 2014
2014 HIV-1 envelope glycan moieties modulate HIV-1 transmission 2014
2014 Interactions between HIV-1 and Mucosal Cells in the Female Reproductive Tract 2014
2014 Interactions between HIV-1 and Mucosal Cells in the Female Reproductive Tract 2014
2014 Mucosal correlates of protection in HIV-1-exposed sero-negative persons 2014
2014 Vaginal myeloid dendritic cells transmit founder HIV-1 2014
2013 Role of childhood infection in the sequelae of H. Pylori disease 2013
2013 Downregulated Th17 responses are associated with reduced gastritis in Helicobacter pylori-infected children 2013
2013 Helicobacter pylori infection inhibits phagocyte clearance of apoptotic gastric epithelial cells 2013
2013 Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain 2 signaling promotes hyperresponsive macrophages and colitis in IL-10-deficient mice 2013
2013 Renal macrophages in autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease 2013
2012 Regulation of pattern recognition receptors by the apolipoprotein A-I mimetic peptide 4F 2012
2012 Chronic rectal bleeding due to lymphogranuloma venereum proctocolitis 2012
2011 Extracellular matrix-associated cytokines regulate CD4+ effector T-cell responses in the human intestinal mucosa 2011
2011 Stromal down-regulation of macrophage CD4/CCR5 expression and NF-κB activation mediates HIV-1 non-permissiveness in intestinal macrophages 2011
2011 Impaired basophil induction leads to an age-dependent innate defect in type 2 immunity during helminth infection in mice 2011
2011 Early HIV-1 Target Cells in Human Vaginal and Ectocervical Mucosa 2011
2011 Intestinal macrophages and response to microbial encroachment 2011
2011 Stromal regulation of human gastric dendritic cells restricts the Th1 response to helicobacter pylori 2011
2010 Glycosylation patterns of HIV-1 gp120 depend on the type of expressing cells and affect antibody recognition 2010
2010 Inflammation anergy in human intestinal macrophages is due to Smad-induced IκBα expression and NF-κB inactivation 2010
2010 Apolipoprotein A-I mimetic 4F alters the function of human monocyte-derived macrophages 2010
2010 Human primary gastric dendritic cells induce a Th1 response to H. pylori 2010
2010 Dendritic cells transmit HIV-1 through human small intestinal mucosa 2010
2010 GP41-specific antibody blocks cell-free HIV type 1 transcytosis through human rectal mucosa and model colonic epithelium 2010
2010 C-type lectin SIGN-R1 has a role in experimental colitis and responsiveness to lipopolysaccharide 2010
2010 C-type lectin SIGN-R1 has a role in experimental colitis and responsiveness to lipopolysaccharide (Journal of Immunology (2010) 184, (2627-2637)) 2010
2010 IL-17 activates the canonical NF-κB signaling pathway in autoimmune B cells of BXD2 mice to upregulate the expression of regulators of G-protein signaling 16 2010
2010 Renal CD14 expression correlates with the progression of cystic kidney disease 2010
2009 Generation of parasite antigens for use in toll-like receptor research 2009
2009 Isolation of whole mononuclear Cells from peripheral blood and cord blood 2009
2009 Macrophages in vaginal but not intestinal mucosa are monocyte-like and permissive to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection 2009
2009 Mucosal immunology of the genital and gastrointestinal tracts and HIV-1 infection 2009
2009 Selective advantage of inflammation anergy in gut macrophages 2009
2009 The C-type lectin SIGNR1 binds Schistosoma mansoni antigens in vitro, but SIGNR1-deficient mice have normal responses during schistosome infection 2009
2008 Effects of Lactobacillus salivarius 433118 on intestinal inflammation, immunity status and in vitro colon function in two mouse models of inflammatory bowel disease 2008
2008 Helicobacter pylori Gastritis in Children Is Associated With a Regulatory T-Cell Response 2008
2007 Severe Gastrointestinal disease due to HIV-1-seronegative AIDS 2007
2007 Infection with a helminth parasite prevents experimental colitis via a macrophage-mediated mechanism 2007
2007 Gliadin peptides activate blood monocytes from patients with celiac disease 2007
2006 Involvement of dendritic cells in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease 2006
2006 Cytomegalovirus blocks intestinal stroma-induced down-regulation of macrophage HIV-1 infection 2006
2006 Mucosal IL-8 and TGF-β recruit blood monocytes: Evidence for cross-talk between the lamina propria stroma and myeloid cells 2006
2006 Isolation and purification of human intestinal macrophages. 2006
2006 Isolation of human monocyte populations. 2006
2005 Schistosoma mansoni secretes a chemokine binding protein with antiinflammatory activity 2005
2005 Intestinal macrophages: Unique effector cells of the innate immune system 2005
2005 Poliovirus replicons encoding the B subunit of Helicobacter pylori urease protect mice against H. pylori infection 2005
2005 Human intestinal macrophages display profound inflammatory anergy despite avid phagocytic and bacteriocidal activity 2005
2005 Human intestinal macrophages display profound inflammatory anergy despite avid phagocytic and bacteriocidal activity. 2005
2004 Schistosoma mansoni worms induce anergy of T cells via selective up-regulation of programmed death ligand 1 on macrophages 2004
2003 Macrophage HIV-1 infection and the gastrointestinal tract reservoir 2003
2003 Cytomegalovirus production by infected astrocytes correlates with transforming growth factor-β release 2003
2002 Cytokine gene profile in gastric mucosa in Helicobacter pylori infection and Zollinger-Ellison syndrome 2002
2002 Human cytomegalovirus enhances chemokine production by lipopolysaccharide-stimulated lamina propria macrophages 2002
2002 Cytokine gene profile in gastric mucosa in Helicobacter pylori infection and Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. 2002
2002 Human cytomegalovirus primes lamina propria macrophages for enhanced LPS-stimulated chemokine production 2002
2002 Primary intestinal epithelial cells selectively transfer R5 HIV-1 to CCR5+ cells 2002
2001 Intestinal macrophages lack CD14 and CD89 and consequently are down-regulated for LPS- and IgA-mediated activities 2001
2001 MHC class I-related neonatal Fc receptor for IgG is functionally expressed in monocytes, intestinal macrophages, and dendritic cells 2001
2001 Dissemination and pathology of simian immunodeficiency virus PBj14 early after rectal infection of pig-tailed macaques 2001
2001 Emerging concepts in gastrointestinal aspects of HIV-1 pathogenesis and management 2001
2001 Emerging concepts in the pathophysiology and management of the gastrointestinal manifestations of AIDS 2001
2001 Isolation of whole mononuclear cells from peripheral blood and cord blood. 2001
2001 Laser capture microdissection. 2001
2000 Biological parameters of HIV-1 infection in primary intestinal lymphocytes and macrophages 2000
2000 Quantitative analysis of Helicobacter pylori infection in a mouse model 2000
2000 Helicobacter pylori-induced mucosal inflammation is Th1 mediated and exacerbated in IL-4, but not IFN-γ, gene-deficient mice 2000
2000 Inflammatory cytokine mRNA expression during early and persistent Helicobacter pylori infection in nonhuman primates 2000
2000 Lamina propria lymphocytes, not macrophages, express CCR5 and CXCR4 and are the likely target cell for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 in the intestinal mucosa 2000
1999 Poliovirus replicons encoding the B subunit of Helicobacter pylori urease elicit a Th1 associated immune response 1999
1999 Mucosal events in the pathogenesis of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection 1999
1999 Gastrointestinal infections in the immunocompromised host 1999
1999 HIV-1 Infection, mucosal immunity and pathogenesis: Comments and conference summary 1999
1999 Intestinal macrophages display reduced permissiveness to human immunodeficiency virus i and decreased surface CCR5 1999
1999 No relationship between gastric pH, small bowel bacterial colonisation, and diarrhoea in HIV-1 infected patients 1999
1998 African trypanosome infections in mice that lack the interferon-γ receptor gene: Nitric oxide-dependent and -independent suppression of T-cell proliferative responses and the development of anaemia 1998
1998 Nitric oxide produced in the lungs of mice immunized with the radiation- attenuated schistosome vaccine is not the major agent causing challenge parasite elimination 1998
1998 High mucosal levels of tumor necrosis factor α messenger RNA in AIDS- associated cytomegalovirus-induced esophagitis 1998
1998 Recombinant helicobactev pylori urease activates primary mucosal macrophages 1998
1997 Isolation and purification of CD14-negative mucosal macrophages from normal human small intestine 1997
1997 Age-related decline in murine macrophage production of nitric oxide 1997
1997 Infection of gastrointestinal tract macrophages by HIV-1 1997
1997 Mucosal macrophages in infection and immunity 1997
1996 Helicobacter pylori cytotoxin induces vacuolation of primary human mucosal epithelial cells 1996
1996 Gastrointestinal infections in the immunocompromised host 1996
1996 Helicobacter pylori urease is a potent stimulus of mononuclear phagocyte activation and inflammatory cytokine production 1996
1996 Immunobiology of mucosal HIV-1 infection 1996
1996 Impaired immunity and altered pulmonary responses in mice with a disrupted interferon-γ receptor gene exposed to the irradiated Schistosoma mansoni vaccine 1996
1996 Kinetics and mechanism of effector focus formation in the lungs of mice vaccinated with irradiated cercariae of Schistosoma mansoni 1996
1995 Endogenous macrophage CSF production is associated with viral replication in HIV-1-infected human monocyte-derived macrophages 1995
1995 Modulation of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection of human monocytes by iga 1995
1995 Role of cytokines in AIDS diarrhea 1995
1994 Quantitative analysis of mononuclear cells expressing human immunodeficiency virus type 1 RNA in esophageal mucosa 1994
1994 Endotoxin administration to humans primes alveolar macrophages for increased production of inflammatory mediators 1994
1994 Characterization of mucosal antibodies in persons with AIDS 1994
1994 Intestinal mucosal immunoglobulins during human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection 1994
1994 Role of the mucosa in human immunodeficiency virus disease 1994
1993 Pulmonary granulomatous hypersensitivity: Cell-mediated responses to embolized schistosome larvae and eggs 1993
1993 Esophageal disease in AIDS is associated with pathologic processes rather than mucosal human immunodeficiency virus type 1 1993
1993 Immunity to Schistosoma mansoni in mice vaccinated with irradiated cercariae: Cytokine interactions in the pulmonary protective response 1993
1993 Infectious diarrheas in patients with AIDS 1993
1993 Phenotypic and functional properties of Th lines and clones recognizing larval antigens of Schistosoma mansoni 1993
1992 Surface proteins from helicobacter pylori exhibit chemotactic activity for human leukocytes and are present in gastric mucosa 1992
1992 Cytomegalovirus induction of tumor necrosis factor-α by human monocytes and mucosal macrophages 1992
1992 Diagnostic workup of AIDS-associated diarrhea [4] 1992
1992 Immunopathophysiology of gastrointestinal disease in HIV infection 1992
1992 Monoclonal antibody to IFN-γ modifies pulmonary inflammatory responses and abrogates immunity to Schistosoma mansoni in mice vaccinated with attenuated cercariae 1992
1992 NIH Staff Conference: Gastrointestinal infections in AIDS 1992
1992 T cell-derived cytokines associated with pulmonary immune mechanisms in mice vaccinated with irradiated cercariae of Schistosoma mansoni 1992
1992 The generation of interferon-gamma-producing T lymphocytes in skin-draining lymph nodes, and their recruitment to the lungs, is associated with protective immunity to Schistosoma mansoni 1992
1991 Role of cytokines in infectious and noninfectious enteropathy in patients with AIDS 1991
1991 Adenovirus colitis in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome 1991
1991 Chronic Helicobacter pylori infection of the stomach induces a persistent systemic humoral immune response 1991
1991 Humoral recall responses in HIV infection: Levels, specificity, and affinity of antigen-specific IgG 1991
1991 Inhibitors of reactive oxygen intermediates suppress bacterial cell wall-induced arthritis 1991
1991 Isolation of macrophages/monocytes from human peripheral blood and tissues 1991
1991 Opportunistic infections in patients with immune dysfunction 1991
1991 Patterns of cytokine production and proliferation by T lymphocytes differ in mice vaccinated or infected with Schistosoma mansoni 1991
1991 Soluble surface proteins from Helicobacter pylori activate monocytes/macrophages by lipopolysaccharide-independent mechanism 1991
1990 Candida albicans in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: Absence of a novel or hypervirulent strain 1990
1990 Expression of interleukin 2 receptors by monocytes from patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and induction of monocyte interleukin 2 receptors by human immunodeficiency virus in vitro 1990
1990 Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor augments human monocyte fungicidal activity for candida albicans 1990
1990 Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor stimulates human monocyte accessory cell function 1990
1990 Intestinal microsporidiosis as a cause of diarrhea in HIV-infected patients: A report of 20 cases 1990
1990 Intestinal microsporidiosis as a cause of diarrhea in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients: A report of 20 cases 1990
1990 Subcutaneous recombinant granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor used as a single agent and in an alternating regimen with azidothymidine in leukopenic patients with severe human immunodeficiency virus infection 1990
1989 A phase I trial of recombinant human interferon-γ in patients with Kaposi's sarcoma and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) 1989
1989 Elevated levels of immunoglobulin A to Giardia lamblia during a waterborne outbreak of gastroenteritis 1989
1989 Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor augmentation of leukocyte effector cell function 1989
1989 Malabsorption of vitamin B12 in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome 1989
1989 Vitamin B 12 malabsorption in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome 1989
1988 Acute antibody responses to giardia lamblia are depressed in patients with aids 1988
1988 Infectious diarrhea in human immunodeficiency virus infection 1988
1988 Intestinal infections in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Etiology and response to therapy 1988
1988 Perspectives on gastrointestinal infections in AIDS 1988
1987 Monocyte interleukin 2 receptor gene expression and interleukin 2 augmentation of microbicidal activity 1987
1987 Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: Ga-67 citrate imaging 1987
1987 Gastrointestinal infections in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome 1987
1986 Effect of 9-(1,3-dihydroxy-2-propoxymethyl) guanine on serious cytomegalovirus disease in eight immunosuppressed homosexual men 1986
1985 Monocyte chemotaxis in the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) 1985
1985 Pathophysiology and immunology of giardiasis. 1985
1985 Salmonella typhimurium enteritis and bacteremia in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome 1985
1984 Defective spontaneous but normal antibody-dependent cytotoxicity for an extracellular protozoan parasite, Giardia lamblia, by C3H/HeJ mouse macrophages 1984
1984 Acquired immune deficiency syndrome and multiple tract degeneration in a homosexual man 1984
1984 Monocyte function in the acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Defective chemotaxis 1984
1984 Oxygen-dependent cytotoxicity for Giardia lamblia by human monocytes 1984
1983 Excretory-secretory products of Giardia lamblia 1983
1983 Human host response to Giardia lamblia. II. Antibody-dependent killing in vitro 1983
1983 Infectious agents and inflammatory bowel disease 1983
1982 A search for an enriched source of polymeric IgA in human thoracic duct lymph, portal vein blood and aortic blood 1982
1982 Antigenic analysis of Giardia lamblia from Afghanistan, Puerto Rico, Ecuador, and Oregon 1982
1982 Chronic Giardiasis: Studies on Drug Sensitivity, Toxin Production, and Host Immune Response 1982
1982 Human host response to Giardia lamblia. I. Spontaneous killing by mononuclear leukocytes in vitro 1982
1981 In vitro studies on bile acid deconjugation and lipolysis inhibition by Giardia lamblia 1981
1981 IgA in human bile and liver 1981
1981 IgA in human liver and bile 1981
1981 IgG antibody to Giardia lamblia detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay 1981
1980 An immunofluorescence test to detect serum antibodies to Giardia lamblia 1980
1980 Chronic proctitis in male homosexuals due to lymphogranuloma venereum 1980
1977 Gastric varices 1977
1973 Yeast Chromatin. Preparation from Isolated Nuclei, Histone Composition and Transcription Capacity 1973
1968 The Effect of Provision of Medical Facilities on Use by the Migrant Workers of California 1968
1967 Genetic factors in human allergic contact dermatitis 1967

Book

Year Title Altmetric
2013 Principles of Mucosal Immunology 2013
1995 Infections of the Gastrointestinal Tract 1995

Chapter

Year Title Altmetric
2015 Mucosal Macrophages in Defense and Regulation.  543-556. 2015
2015 Complications of AIDS and Other Immunodeficiency States.  779-85. 2015
2015 Complications of AIDS and Other Secondary Immunodeficiency States.  2588-611. 2015
2013 Viral Infections.  377-95. 2013
2012 Intestinal macrophages in defense of the mucosa.  159-70. 2012
2009 Complications of AIDS and other Immunodeficiency States.  2588-2611. 2009
2009 Complications of AIDS and Other Immunodeficiency States.  779-86. 2009
2008 Immunologic disease of the gastrointestinal tract.  1099-1114. 2008
2005 Antigen handling and presentation by mucosal dendritic cells and macrophages.  451-485. 2005
2005 Immunobiology of mucosal HIV-1 infection.  1199-1211. 2005
2005 Involvement of Dendritic Cells in the Pathogenesis of Inflammatory Bowel Disease.  117-33. 2005
2003 Approach to Gastrointestinal Problems in the Immunocompromised Patient.  1017-32. 2003
2003 Gastrointestinal Complications of the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome.  741-8. 2003
2003 Gastrointestinal Complications of the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome.  2567-89. 2003
2002 Gastrointestinal Infections in HIV-1 Disease.  417-43. 2002
2001 Macrophage effector function.  19.1-19.9. 2001
1999 Approach to Gastrointestinal Problems in the Immunocompromised Patient.  1034-49. 1999
1999 Gastrointestinal Complications of the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome.  2400-22. 1999
1999 Gastrointestinal Complications of the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome.  510-5. 1999
1999 Immunobiology of Mucosal HIV-1 Infection.  977-89. 1999
1999 Persistent Mucosal Colonization by Helicobacter pylori and the Induction of Inflammation.  1107-16. 1999
1997 The role of the mononuclear phagocyte in H. pylori-associated inflammation.  127-37. 1997
1996 Macrophage Functions in HIV-1 Infection.  303-36. 1996
1995 Esophageal Infections in HIV-1 Disease.  459-70. 1995
1995 Intestinal Infections in HIV-1 Disease.  483-98. 1995
1994 Mucosal Immunopathophysiology of HIV Infection.  719-28. 1994
1993 Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimmulating factor augmentation of human monocyte/macrophage effector and accessory cell functions.  79-89. 1993
1991 Infections of the large intestine in the immunosuppressed host.  437-44. 1991
1991 Preparation of human mononuclear cell populations and subpopulations.  7.1.1-7.1.5. 1991
1990 The role of immunity in Giardia infections.  215-33. 1990
1989 Cytokines.  241-83. 1989
1989 Parasitic Infections.  379-94. 1989
1988 Giardia lamblia.  343-84. 1988
1988 Infections of the gastrointestinal tract in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.  490-9. 1988
1988 Modulation of fiber formation and possible therapeutic strategy.  223-32. 1988
1988 Viral infections of the gastrointestinal tract in patients with AIDS.  46-7. 1988
1985 Cytomegalovirus infection depresses monocyte production of interleukin 1.  319-26. 1985
1984 Human immune responses to Giardia lamblia.  201-18. 1984
1981 The human liver and the secretory immune system.  16-25. 1981

Principal Investigator On

  • Private Grant  awarded by BIODTECH, INC 2017 - 2020
  • Stem Cell Organogenesis Unit  awarded by UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA HEALTH SERVICES FOUNDATION 2016 - 2019
  • Mechanism of Cytomegalovirus-induced Mucosal Inflammation  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2016 - 2019
  • Role of Gastric Microbiota in Protecting Children from Precancerous Inflammation in H. Pylori Infection  awarded by National Institute of Child Health and Human Development/NIH/DHHS 2017 - 2019
  • Cytomegalovirus Infection Exacerbates Macrophage-driven Inflammation in Inflammatory Bowel Disease  awarded by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2018 - 2019
  • Elucidating Protective Mechanisms Against Gastric Cancer  awarded by DeGregorio Family Foundation 2015 - 2017
  • Mechanisms of Apoptotic Cell Clearance in the Human Stomach  awarded by University of Virginia 2010 - 2015
  • Private Grant  awarded by BIODTECH, INC 2014 - 2015
  • Mechanisms of Apoptotic Cell Clearance in the Human Stomach  awarded by University of California, San Diego 2011 - 2014
  • Mechanism for CMV-Induced Exacerbation of Inflammation in IBD  awarded by Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America 2013
  • Mucosal HIV and Immunobiology Center  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2008 - 2013
  • Mechanism for CMV-Induced Exacerbation of Inflammation in IBD  awarded by Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America 2010 - 2012
  • Role of Intestinal Macrophages in HIV Persistence  awarded by American Foundation for AIDS Research (amfAR) 2011 - 2012
  • Immunologic Uniqueness of the Female Genital Tract in HIV Pathogenesis - Project 1  awarded by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2009 - 2012
  • Intestinal Extra-Cellular Matrix in Innate Regulation of Mucosal T-Cells  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2010 - 2012
  • Immunobiology and Prevention of H. pylori Disease  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2005 - 2011
  • CHAVI - Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology - Smith Mucosal Team  awarded by Duke University 2006 - 2008
  • Teaching Activities

    Education And Training

  • Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Internship 1974
  • Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Residency 1976
  • University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Postdoctoral Fellowship 1979
  • Full Name

  • Phillip Smith