Positions

Selected Publications

Academic Article

Year Title Altmetric
2021 Correlates of deep brain stimulation consensus conference decision to treat primary dystoniaClinical Neurology and Neurosurgery.  207. 2021
2021 Exploring Culturally Responsive Religious and Spirituality Health Care Communications among African Americans with Advanced Heart Failure, Their Family Caregivers, and Clinicians.Journal of Palliative Medicine2021
2021 The relationship of cognitive change over time to the self-reported ascertain dementia 8-item questionnaire in a general populationArchives of Clinical Neuropsychology.  36:243-252. 2021
2021 Evaluating disparities in child occupant protection using a proportion-eliminated approach to mediationTraffic Injury Prevention.  22:252-255. 2021
2021 Indicators of Crash Risk in Older Adults: A Longitudinal Analysis From the ACTIVE StudyJournal of Aging and Health2021
2021 Older Caregivers With HIV: An Unrecognized Gap in the LiteratureJournal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care.  32:29-36. 2021
2021 Promoting Physical Activity Through Policy at a Single Safety-Net Clinic: A Pilot Study.Translational Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine.  6. 2021
2021 Quality of Education and Late-Life Cognitive Function in a Population-Based Sample From Puerto Rico.Innovation in Aging.  5:igab016. 2021
2021 Racial differences in persistence to secondary prevention medication regimens after ischemic strokeEthnicity and Health2021
2020 Associations of Depression, Physical Activity, and Diabetes with Self-Rated Health in Black Men. 2020
2020 CITY Health II - using entertainment education and social media to reduce HIV among emerging adults: A protocol paper for the Beat HIVe projectContemporary Clinical Trials.  99. 2020
2020 Risk factor control among Black and White adults with diabetes onset in older adulthood: The Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) studyPreventive Medicine.  139. 2020
2020 Lifting cognition: a meta-analysis of effects of resistance exercise on cognition 2020
2020 An examination of the neurocognitive profile and base rate of performance impairment in primary dystoniaJournal of Clinical Neuroscience.  74:1-5. 2020
2020 Associations of knowledge of Alzheimer’s disease and memory loss and employment status with burden in African American and Caucasian family caregivers 2020
2020 Depressive Symptoms After Ischemic Stroke: Population-Based Comparisons of Patients and Caregivers With Matched ControlsStroke.  51:54-60. 2020
2020 The Role of Perceived Discrimination and Other Psychosocial Factors in Explaining Diabetes Distress Among Older African American and White AdultsJournal of Applied Gerontology.  39:99-104. 2020
2020 The association of emotional and physical reactions to perceived discrimination with depressive symptoms among African American men in the SoutheastInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.  17. 2020
2019 Influence of Diabetes-Related Support on Aerobic Activity Among Older African Americans With Type 2 DiabetesInternational Journal of Aging and Human Development.  89:279-293. 2019
2019 Older Veterans EmpoweRed To Use Regular Exercise (OVERTURE) II: Design and methods of a randomized controlled trial among older veterans with chronic health conditionsContemporary Clinical Trials Communications.  15. 2019
2019 Understanding the Dietary Habits of Black Men With DiabetesJournal for Nurse Practitioners.  15:365-369. 2019
2019 Texting Older Sisters to Step: The TOSS StudyWestern Journal of Nursing Research.  41:388-408. 2019
2019 Kilocalorie expenditure and all-cause mortality in older male veterans and nonveteransJournal of Aging and Physical Activity.  27:67-72. 2019
2018 Intervention Mapping to develop a Social Cognitive Theory-based intervention for chronic pain tailored to individuals with HIVContemporary Clinical Trials Communications.  10:9-16. 2018
2018 Cost-effectiveness of a chronic pain intervention for people living with HIV (PLWH) 2018
2018 Associations of Multimorbid Medical Conditions and Health-Related Quality of Life among Older African American Men 2018
2018 Meta-analysis of cognitive performance in fibromyalgiaJournal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology.  40:698-714. 2018
2017 Association of multiple chronic conditions and pain among older black and white adults with diabetes mellitusBMC Geriatrics.  17. 2017
2017 A review of the literature on pediatric concussions and Return-to-Learn (RTL): Implications for RTL policy, research, and practiceRehabilitation Psychology.  62:300-323. 2017
2017 The association between cognitive decline and incident depressive symptoms in a sample of older Puerto Rican adults with diabetesInternational Psychogeriatrics.  29:1317-1325. 2017
2017 Depression and physical functioning among older Americans with diabesity: NHANES 2009–2010Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners.  29:70-76. 2017
2016 Stroke Symptoms with Absence of Recognized Stroke Are Associated with Cognitive Impairment and Depressive Symptoms in Older Adults with DiabetesJournal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology.  29:142-148. 2016
2016 Surrounding Community Residents’ Expectations of HOPE VI for Their Community, Health and Physical Activity 2016
2016 Correlates of Depressive Symptoms in Older Adults with DiabetesJournal of Diabetes Research.  2016. 2016
2015 The influence of HOPE VI neighborhood revitalization on neighborhood-based physical activity: A mixed-methods approachSocial Science and Medicine.  139:90-99. 2015
2015 An examination of lower extremity function and its correlates in older African American and white menEthnicity and Disease.  25:271-278. 2015
2015 The impact of veteran status on life-space mobility among older black and white men in the deep southEthnicity and Disease.  25:255-262. 2015
2015 Associations of social support and self-efficacy with quality of life in older adults with diabetesJournal of Gerontological Nursing.  41:21-29. 2015
2015 Long-term impact of stroke on family caregiver well-being: A population-based case-control studyNeurology.  84:1323-1329. 2015
2014 Race and Sex Differences in Correlates of Systolic Blood Pressure in Community-Dwelling Older Adults.Journal of health disparities research and practice.  7:32-50. 2014
2013 Correlates of health-related quality of life in african american and caucasian stroke caregiversRehabilitation Psychology.  58:28-35. 2013
2013 Indicators of childhood quality of education in relation to cognitive function in older adulthood 2013
2013 Does caregiver well-being predict stroke survivor depressive symptoms? A mediation analysisTopics in Stroke Rehabilitation.  20:44-51. 2013
2012 The relationship between cognitive function and life space: The potential role of personal control beliefsPsychology and Aging.  27:364-374. 2012
2012 Theory-guided selection of discrimination measures for racial/ethnic health disparities research among older adultsJournal of Aging and Health.  24:1018-1043. 2012
2011 Correlates of mobility limitation in African Americans 2011
2011 Predictors of overnight hospital admission in older African American and caucasian medicare beneficiaries 2011
2011 Oral health - Related quality of life and life-space mobility in community-dwelling older adultsJournal of the American Geriatrics Society.  59:512-518. 2011
2011 Race and gender differences in 1-year outcomes for community-dwelling stroke survivors with family caregiversStroke.  42:626-631. 2011
2011 Behavioral therapy with or without biofeedback and pelvic floor electrical stimulation for persistent postprostatectomy incontinence: A randomized controlled trial 2011
2011 Sleep apnea syndrome represents a risk for glaucoma in a veterans' affairs population.ISRN Ophthalmology.  2011:920767. 2011
2010 Patient death as a censoring event or competing risk event in models of nursing home placementStatistics in Medicine.  29:371-381. 2010
2010 Cognitive speed of processing and functional declines in older cancer survivors: An analysis of data from the active trialEuropean Journal of Cancer Care.  19:110-117. 2010
2010 Diabetes and Cognitive Decline: Investigating the Potential Influence of Factors Related to Health DisparitiesJournal of Aging and Health.  22:292-306. 2010
2009 Problems and benefits reported by Stroke family caregivers: Results from a prospective epidemiological studyStroke.  40:2129-2133. 2009
2009 Visual function and cognitive speed of processing mediate age-related decline in memory span and fluid intelligenceJournal of Aging and Health.  21:547-566. 2009
2009 Do older drivers at-risk for crashes modify their driving over time? 2009
2008 Changes in social support and their impact on psychosocial outcome over a 5-year period for African American and White dementia caregiversInternational Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry.  23:857-862. 2008
2008 Education and reading ability in relation to differences in cognitive screening between African American and Caucasian older adultsInternational Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry.  23:222-223. 2008
2007 Impact of behavioral contingency management intervention on coping behaviors and PTSD symptom reduction in cocaine-addicted homelessJournal of Traumatic Stress.  20:565-575. 2007
2007 Evaluation of a disease-specific self-efficacy instrument in adolescents with sickle cell disease and its relationship to adjustmentChild Neuropsychology.  13:188-203. 2007
2007 Race and gender differences in perceived caregiver availability for community-dwelling middle-aged and older adultsGerontologist.  47:721-729. 2007
2006 Improving caregiver well-being delays nursing home placement of patients with Alzheimer diseaseNeurology.  67:1592-1599. 2006
2006 Interest in research participation among hospice patients, caregivers, and ambulatory senior citizens: Practical barriers or ethical contraints?Journal of Palliative Medicine.  9:968-974. 2006
2006 Predictors of improvement in social support: Five-year effects of a structured intervention for caregivers of spouses with Alzheimer's diseaseSocial Science and Medicine.  63:957-967. 2006
2006 The useful field of view test: Normative data for older adultsArchives of Clinical Neuropsychology.  21:275-286. 2006
2005 Changes in social support as mediators of the impact of a psychosocial intervention for spouse caregivers of persons with Alzheimer's diseasePsychology and Aging.  20:634-644. 2005
2005 Cumulative meta-analysis of the relationship between useful field of view and driving performance in older adults: Current and future implicationsOptometry and Vision Science.  82:724-731. 2005
2005 Sensory and cognitive factors influencing functional ability in older adults 2005
2004 Predictors of Time to Nursing Home Placement in White and African American Individuals with DementiaJournal of Aging and Health.  16:375-397. 2004
2004 Neuroticism and longitudinal change in caregiver depression: Impact of a spouse-caregiver intervention programGerontologist.  44:311-317. 2004
2003 Association of physical activity and visual attention in older adultsJournal of Aging and Health.  15:534-547. 2003
2001 Sexual practices of HIV discordant and concordant couples in Rwanda: Effects of a testing and counselling programme for menInternational Journal of STD and AIDS.  12:181-188. 2001
2001 Latent growth models of the longitudinal effects of dementia caregiving: A comparison of African American and White family caregiversPsychology and Aging.  16:427-436. 2001

Research Overview

  • My research focuses on addressing issues related to successful aging, and I have a specific interest in health disparities. My undergraduate and doctoral training sparked my interests in several aspects of aging, including: racial/ethnic disparities in health, family caregiving, social support, health care access and utilization, cognition, and mobility.

    My research objectives within the field of health disparities include examining racial disparities on numerous outcomes including, but not limited to:

    physical and mental health in older adults and
    exploring racial differences in caregiver resilience in response to the stressors associated with caregiving.

    Disparities have previously been identified in these areas, but the focus of my research is on (a) charting the longitudinal trajectories of these outcomes, (b) identifying factors such as social support, healthcare utilization, and perceived discrimination that may explain or mediate racial differences, and (c) developing targeted interventions to reduce disparities.

    Racial/ethnic health disparities within older adults, caregiving, social support, diabetes, healthcare utilization, advanced statistical methods, mobility and cognition in older adults
  • Investigator On

  • ACTIVE Cognitive Training Trial: 20-Yr Follow-up of Functioning, Health, & Dementia  awarded by UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON
  • Aging in Puerto Rico: Longitudinal Follow-Up of the PREHCO Study  awarded by National Institute on Aging/NIH/DHHS
  • Alabama LSAMP Student Transitions  awarded by NSF - National Science Foundation
  • CITY Health II - The Center for the Study of Community Health  awarded by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention & Health Promo./CDC/DHHS
  • Center for Translational Research on Aging and Mobility  awarded by National Institute on Aging/NIH/DHHS
  • Center for Translational Research on Aging and Mobility - Core A: Management and Administration Core  awarded by National Institute on Aging/NIH/DHHS
  • Center for Translational Research on Aging and Mobility - Core B: Pilot Core  awarded by National Institute on Aging/NIH/DHHS
  • Center for Translational Research on Aging and Mobility - Older Veterans EmpowerRed to use Regular Exercise (OVERTURE) II  awarded by National Institute on Aging/NIH/DHHS
  • Deep South Resource Center For Minority Aging Research (RCMAR)  awarded by National Institute on Aging/NIH/DHHS
  • Deep South Resource Center for Minority Aging Research (RCMAR)  awarded by National Institute on Aging/NIH/DHHS
  • Deep South Resource Center for Minority Aging Research (RCMAR) - Analysis Core  awarded by National Institute on Aging/NIH/DHHS
  • Deep South Resource Center in Minority Aging Research (RCMAR) - Analysis Core  awarded by National Institute on Aging/NIH/DHHS
  • Evaluation of the Efficacy and Mechanisms of a Novel Intervention for Chronic Pain Tailored to People Living with HIV  awarded by University of Pittsburgh The
  • Evaluation of the Efficacy and Mechanisms of a Novel Intervention for Chronic Pain Tailored to People Living with HIV  awarded by University of Pittsburgh The
  • UAB Alzheimer's Disease Research Center  awarded by National Institute on Aging/NIH/DHHS
  • Teaching Activities

  • PY320 - Contemporary Issues in Psych (Spring Term 2021) 2021
  • PY791 - Special Topics in Psychology (Spring Term 2021) 2021
  • PY716 - Intro to Stats & Measurement (Fall Term 2020) 2020
  • PY320 - Contemporary Issues in Psych (Spring Term 2020) 2020
  • PY791 - Special Topics in Psychology (Spring Term 2020) 2020
  • PY716 - Intro to Stats & Measurement (Fall Term 2019) 2019
  • PY791 - Special Topics in Psychology (Summer Term 2019) 2019
  • PY425 - Psychology of Aging (Fall Term 2018) 2018
  • PY716 - Intro to Stats & Measurement (Fall Term 2018) 2018
  • PY216 - Elementary Statistical Methods (Spring Term 2018) 2018
  • PY716 - Intro to Stats & Measurement (Fall Term 2017) 2017
  • PY316 - Research Methods in Psychology (Summer Term 2017) 2017
  • PY216 - Elementary Statistical Methods (Fall Term 2016) 2016
  • PY716 - Intro to Statistics (Fall Term 2016) 2016
  • PY316 - Research Methods in Psychology (Summer Term 2016) 2016
  • PY316 - Research Methods in Psychology (Spring Term 2016) 2016
  • PY315 - Methods Psychological Research (Fall Term 2015) 2015
  • PY716 - Intro to Statistics (Fall Term 2015) 2015
  • PY716L - Lab for Intro to Statistics (Fall Term 2015) 2015
  • PY316 - Research Methods in Psychology (Summer Term 2015) 2015
  • PY216 - Elementary Statistical Methods (Spring Term 2015) 2015
  • PY315 - Methods Psychological Research (Spring Term 2015) 2015
  • PY315 - Methods Psychological Research (Fall Term 2014) 2014
  • PY716 - Intro to Statistics (Fall Term 2014) 2014
  • PY214 - Elem Stats Methods and Design (Summer Term 2014) 2014
  • PY315 - Methods Psychological Research (Summer Term 2014) 2014
  • PY315 - Methods Psychological Research (Spring Term 2014) 2014
  • PY315 - Methods Psychological Research (Spring Term 2014) 2014
  • PY315 - Methods Psychological Research (Summer Term 2013) 2013
  • PY214 - Elem Stats Methods and Design (Spring Term 2013) 2013
  • PY315 - Methods Psychological Research (Spring Term 2013) 2013
  • PY716 - Intro to Statistics (Fall Term 2012) 2012
  • PY315 - Methods Psychological Research (Spring Term 2012) 2012
  • PY716 - Intro to Statistics (Fall Term 2011) 2011
  • PY315 - Methods Psychological Research (Summer Term 2011) 2011
  • PY315 - Methods Psychological Research (Spring Term 2011) 2011
  • PY315 - Methods Psychological Research (Spring Term 2010) 2010
  • PY315 - Methods Psychological Research (Spring Term 2009) 2009
  • PY315 - Methods Psychological Research (Fall Term 2008) 2008
  • PY214 - Elem Stats Methods and Design (Spring Term 2008) 2008
  • PY315 - Methods Psychological Research (Spring Term 2008) 2008
  • Education And Training

  • Doctor of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham 2007
  • Master of Fine Arts in Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham 2003
  • Bachelor's Degree in Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham 1998
  • Full Name

  • Olivio Clay