Positions

Overview

  • James B. McClintock came to UAB in 1987 and has served as Dean of the School of Natural Sciences and Mathematics (1999-2003) and as Interim Dean of the Graduate School (2003-2005). His research has been funded continuously over the past 25 years by the National Science Foundation and focuses on aspects of marine invertebrate nutrition, reproduction, and primarily, Antarctic marine chemical ecology. His research has grown to include studies of the impacts of rapid climate change and ocean acidification on Antarctic marine algae and invertebrates.

    He has published over 275 scientific publications, edited and written books, and been invited to make numerous scientific and popular science presentations. His research has been featured in a variety of media outlets including the NPR's Diane Rehm Show and “On Point” with Tom Ashbrook, National Geographic, Smithsonian, Discover, Scientific American, CNN, The Washington Post, Wall Street Journal, Chicago Tribune, Los Angeles Times,and The Weather Channel. He has served on National Academy of Sciences workshops on Climate Change and Polar Ecosystems.

    McClintock recently returned from his 15th research expedition to Antarctica where he and his research collaborators have become among the world’s authorities on Antarctic marine chemical ecology and drug discovery and have developed an award-winning interactive educational outreach web site (UAB In Antarctica). His expertise on the ecological impacts of climate change and ocean acidification on marine life of the Antarctic Peninsula has garnered numerous invited lectures and published pieces. His book Lost Antarctica: Adventures in a Disappearing Land (Palgrave/MacMillan) was released in September 2012 and has garnered considerable national and international praise. In June 2013, a video short based on his book was produced and released by the EO Wilson Biodiversity Foundation that featured narration by Harrison Ford.

    In 2016, he spoke on stage at the Lincoln Center in New York City in a performance of ‘The Moth’ that was featured on NPR. This past year, he was elected as a Fellow in the prestigious Explorer’s Club, and stories of his life and career as a polar marine scientist served as the basis of a theatrical production scripted by a nationally renowned playwright.
  • Selected Publications

    Academic Article

    Year Title Altmetric
    2019 Anverenes B⁻E, New Polyhalogenated Monoterpenes from the Antarctic Red Alga Plocamium cartilagineumMarine Drugs.  17. 2019
    2018 Near-future temperature reduces Mg/Ca ratios in the major skeletal components of the common subtropical sea urchin Lytechinus variegatusJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.  509:1-7. 2018
    2018 Ocean warming alters predicted microbiome functionality in a common sea urchinProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences.  285. 2018
    2018 Inter and intraspecific comparisons of the skeletal Mg/Ca ratios of high latitude Antarctic echinodermsAntarctic Science.  30:160-169. 2018
    2018 Sea urchins exposed to near-future elevated seawater temperature alter resource allocation under low-quality food conditionsMarine Biology.  165. 2018
    2017 Effects of ocean acidification on the shells of four Mediterranean gastropod species near a CO2 seepMarine Pollution Bulletin.  124:917-928. 2017
    2017 Biology of the king crab Paralomis birsteini on the continental slope off the western Antarctic PeninsulaPolar Biology.  40:2313-2322. 2017
    2017 Climate change and the threat of novel marine predators in Antarctica:Ecosphere.  8. 2017
    2017 Ocean warming and acidification alter Antarctic macroalgal biochemical composition but not amphipod grazer feeding preferencesMarine Ecology Progress Series.  581:45-56. 2017
    2017 Declines in plant palatability from polar to tropical latitudes depend on herbivore and plant identityEcology.  98:2312-2321. 2017
    2017 Anti-predator responses of amphipods are more effective in the presence of conspecific chemical cuesHydrobiologia.  797:277-288. 2017
    2017 Gut content, fatty acid, and stable isotope analyses reveal dietary sources of macroalgal-associated amphipods along the western Antarctic PeninsulaPolar Biology.  40:1371-1384. 2017
    2017 In situ measurements of righting behavior in the common sea urchin Lytechinus variegatus: The importance of body size, substrate type, and covering materialAquatic Biology.  26:33-40. 2017
    2017 A comparison of MgCO3 in individual sub-components of major skeletal structures of the common temperate sea urchin Paracentrotus lividusCahiers de Biologie Marine.  58:99-106. 2017
    2016 Sea urchins in a high-CO 2 world: The influence of acclimation on the immune response to ocean warming and acidificationProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences.  283. 2016
    2016 Seawater acidification more than warming presents a challenge for two Antarctic macroalgal-associated amphipodsMarine Ecology Progress Series.  554:81-97. 2016
    2016 Covering behavior of deep-water echinoids in Antarctica: Possible response to predatory king crabsMarine Ecology Progress Series.  553:155-162. 2016
    2016 Benthic marine calcifiers coexist with CaCO3-undersaturated seawater worldwideGlobal Biogeochemical Cycles.  30:1038-1053. 2016
    2016 Darwinolide, a New Diterpene Scaffold That Inhibits Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Biofilm from the Antarctic Sponge Dendrilla membranosaOrganic Letters.  18:2596-2599. 2016
    2016 Antarctic crustacean grazer assemblages exhibit resistance following exposure to decreased pHMarine Biology.  163. 2016
    2016 Climate change confers a potential advantage to fleshy Antarctic crustose macroalgae over calcified species.Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.  474:58-66. 2016
    2016 Testing antarctic resilience: The effects of elevated seawater temperature and decreased pH on two gastropod speciesICES Journal of Marine Science.  73:739-752. 2016
    2016 Variability of the carbonate chemistry in a shallow, seagrass-dominated ecosystem: Implications for ocean acidification experimentsMarine and Freshwater Research.  67:163-172. 2016
    2015 Zonation of demersal fishes off Anvers Island, western Antarctic PeninsulaAntarctic Science.  28:44-50. 2015
    2015 Abundance and diversity of gastropods associated with dominant subtidal macroalgae from the western Antarctic PeninsulaPolar Biology.  38:1171-1181. 2015
    2015 A comprehensive study of Antarctic algal symbioses: minimal impacts of endophyte presence in most species of macroalgal hostsEuropean Journal of Phycology.  50:271-278. 2015
    2015 The effects of climate-induced elevated seawater temperature on the covering behavior, righting response, and Aristotle's lantern reflex of the sea urchin Lytechinus variegatusJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.  467:33-38. 2015
    2015 In situ observations of a possible skate nursery off the western Antarctic PeninsulaJournal of Fish Biology2015
    2015 In situ observations of a possible skate nursery off the western Antarctic PeninsulaJournal of Fish Biology.  86:1867-1872. 2015
    2015 Life history bias in endophyte infection of the Antarctic rhodophyte, Iridaea cordataBotanica Marina.  58:1-8. 2015
    2014 Impacts of acute elevated seawater temperature on the feeding preferences of an Antarctic amphipod toward chemically deterrent macroalgaeMarine Biology2014
    2014 Climate change impacts on overstory Desmarestia spp. from the western Antarctic PeninsulaMarine Biology2014
    2014 Detecting the unexpected: A research framework for ocean acidificationEnvironmental Science and Technology.  48:9982-9994. 2014
    2014 Chemical mediation of mutualistic interactions between macroalgae and mesograzers structure unique coastal communities along the western Antarctic PeninsulaJournal of Phycology.  50:1-10. 2014
    2014 Reactive oxygen species and the antarctic macroalgal wound responseJournal of Phycology.  50:71-80. 2014
    2014 Climate change impacts on overstory Desmarestia spp. from the western Antarctic PeninsulaMarine Biology.  162:377-389. 2014
    2014 Discovery of a recent, natural whale fall on the continental slope off Anvers Island, western Antarctic PeninsulaDeep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers.  90:76-80. 2014
    2014 Effects of hypercapnia on aspects of feeding, nutrition, and growth in the edible sea urchin Lytechinus variegatus held in cultureMarine behaviour and physiology.  47:41-62. 2014
    2014 Impacts of acute elevated seawater temperature on the feeding preferences of an Antarctic amphipod toward chemically deterrent macroalgaeMarine Biology.  162:425-433. 2014
    2014 Multiple stressor effects of near-future elevated seawater temperature and decreased pH on righting and escape behaviors of two common Antarctic gastropodsJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.  457:90-96. 2014
    2014 Reactive oxygen species as a marine grazing defense: H2O2 and wounded Ascoseira mirabilis both inhibit feeding by an amphipod grazerJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.  458:34-38. 2014
    2013 Tolerance and sequestration of macroalgal chemical defenses by an Antarctic amphipod: A 'cheater' among mutualistsMarine Ecology Progress Series.  490:79-90. 2013
    2013 Exposure to extreme hypercapnia under laboratory conditions does not impact righting and covering behavior of juveniles of the common sea urchin Lytechinus variegatusMarine behaviour and physiology.  46:191-199. 2013
    2013 Site-specific variability in the chemical diversity of the Antarctic red alga Plocamium cartilagineumMarine Drugs.  11:2126-2139. 2013
    2013 Effects of Reduced Carbonate Saturation State on Early Development in the Common Edible Sea Urchin Lytechinus variegatus: Implications for Land-Based AquacultureJournal of Applied Aquaculture.  25:154-175. 2013
    2013 Photographic survey of benthos provides insights into the Antarctic fish fauna from the Marguerite Bay slope and the Amundsen SeaAntarctic Science.  25:31-43. 2013
    2013 Endophyte presence as a potential stressor on growth and survival in Antarctic macroalgal hostsPhycologia.  52:595-599. 2013
    2013 LytechinusDevelopments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science.  38:475-490. 2013
    2013 Mass mortality of the sea stars luidia clathrata and luidia alternata alternata on the Alabama coast, December 2013.Gulf of Mexico Science.  31:74-78. 2013
    2012 Effects of Macroalgal Chemical Extracts on Spore Behavior of the Antarctic Epiphyte Elachista Antarctica PhaeophyceaeJournal of Phycology.  48:1403-1410. 2012
    2012 Palatability of living and dead detached Antarctic macroalgae to consumersAntarctic Science.  24:589-590. 2012
    2012 Phototactic responses of Elachista antarctica (Phaeophyceae) spores of different ages across a broad irradiance range using new motion analysis softwareBotanica Marina.  55:639-642. 2012
    2012 The abundance and distribution of echinoderms in nearshore hard-bottom habitats near Anvers Island, western Antarctic PeninsulaAntarctic Science.  24:554-560. 2012
    2012 Palmadorin chemodiversity from the Antarctic nudibranch Austrodoris kerguelenensis and inhibition of Jak2/STAT5-dependent HEL leukemia cellsTetrahedron.  68:9095-9104. 2012
    2012 Algicidal activity and potential antifouling defenses in macroalgae from the western Antarctic Peninsula including probable synergistic effects of multiple compoundsBotanica Marina.  55:311-315. 2012
    2012 Acetyl cholinesterase activity and muscle contraction in the sea urchin Lytechinus variegatus (Lamarck) following chronic phosphate exposureEnvironmental Toxicology.  27:193-201. 2012
    2012 Amphipods exclude filamentous algae from the Western Antarctic Peninsula benthos: Experimental evidencePolar Biology.  35:171-177. 2012
    2011 A comprehensive evaluation of the potential chemical defenses of antarctic ascidians against sympatric fouling microorganismsMarine Biology.  158:2661-2671. 2011
    2011 Arctic: sea-ice loss sparks oil drilling boom.Nature.  479:478. 2011
    2011 Sea-ice loss sparks oil drilling boomNature.  479:478. 2011
    2011 Palmerolide macrolides from the Antarctic tunicate Synoicum adareanumBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry.  19:6608-6614. 2011
    2011 Regenerative capacity and biochemical composition of the sea star Luidia clathrata (Say) (Echinodermata: Asteroidea) under conditions of near-future ocean acidificationJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.  407:266-274. 2011
    2011 An evaluation of chemical and physical defenses against fish predation in a suite of seagrass-associated ascidiansJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.  407:48-53. 2011
    2011 CNS and antimalarial activity of synthetic meridianin and psammopemmin analogsBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry.  19:5756-5762. 2011
    2011 The Mg-calcite composition of Antarctic echinoderms: Important implications for predicting the impacts of ocean acidificationJournal of Geology.  119:457-466. 2011
    2011 Changes in amphipod densities among macroalgal habitats in day versus night collections along the Western Antarctic PeninsulaMarine Biology.  158:1879-1885. 2011
    2011 Accumulation of vanadium, manganese, and nickel in Antarctic tunicatesPolar Biology.  34:587-590. 2011
    2011 Gut contents and stable isotope analyses of the Antarctic fish, Notothenia coriiceps (Richardson), from two macroalgal communitiesAntarctic Science.  23:107-116. 2011
    2011 Impacts of mesograzers on epiphyte and endophyte growth associated with chemically defended macroalge from the western antarctic peninsula: A mesocosm experimentJournal of Phycology.  47:36-41. 2011
    2011 Anthropogenic impacts on marine ecosystems in AntarcticaAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences.  1223:82-107. 2011
    2011 Palatability of the Antarctic rhodophyte Palmaria decipiens (Reinsch) RW Ricker and its endo/epiphyte Elachista antarctica Skottsberg to sympatric amphipodsJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.  396:202-206. 2011
    2010 Introduction to the symposium: Advances in antarctic marine biologyAmerican Zoologist.  50:948-949. 2010
    2010 Overview of the chemical ecology of benthic marine invertebrates along the western antarctic peninsulaAmerican Zoologist.  50:967-980. 2010
    2010 Potential chemical defenses of Antarctic sponges against sympatric microorganismsPolar Biology.  33:649-658. 2010
    2010 Video observations on non-swimming valve claps in the Antarctic scallop Adamussium colbeckiAntarctic Science.  22:173-174. 2010
    2010 Palmadorins A-C, diterpene glycerides from the antarctic nudibranch austrodoris kerguelenensisJournal of Natural Products.  73:416-421. 2010
    2010 Habitat choice and predator avoidance by Antarctic amphipods: The roles of algal chemistry and morphologyMarine Ecology Progress Series.  400:155-163. 2010
    2010 Chemically mediated resistance to mesoherbivory in finely branched macroalgae along the western Antarctic PeninsulaEuropean Journal of Phycology.  45:19-26. 2010
    2010 Short note: Southerly breeding in gentoo penguins for the eastern Antarctic Peninsula: Further evidence for unprecedented climate-changeAntarctic Science.  22:285-286. 2010
    2009 Defenses of polar macroalgae against herbivores and biofoulersBotanica Marina.  52:535-545. 2009
    2009 Field studies on deterrent properties of phlorotannins in Antarctic brown algaeBotanica Marina.  52:547-557. 2009
    2009 Ocean acidification at high latitudes: The BellwetherOceanography.  22:160-171. 2009
    2009 Rapid regeneration of the body wall of the aboral central disc in the sea star Luidia clathrataGulf of Mexico Science.  27:123-124. 2009
    2009 Palatability and chemical anti-predatory defenses in common ascidians from the Antarctic PeninsulaAquatic Biology.  7:81-92. 2009
    2009 Observations on an association between the dexaminid amphipod polycheria sntarctica f. scanthopoda and its sscidian host distaplia cylindricaJournal of Crustacean Biology.  29:605-608. 2009
    2009 Norselic acids A-E, highly oxidized anti-infective steroids that deter mesograzer predation, from the antarctic sponge Crella sp.Journal of Natural Products.  72:1842-1846. 2009
    2009 Rapid dissolution of shells of weakly calcified Antarctic benthic macroorganisms indicates high vulnerability to ocean acidificationAntarctic Science.  21:449-456. 2009
    2009 Filamentous algal endophytes in macrophytic Antarctic algae: Prevalence in hosts and palatability to mesoherbivoresPhycologia.  48:324-334. 2009
    2009 Effects of ocean acidification over the life history of the barnacle Amphibalanus amphitriteMarine Ecology Progress Series.  385:179-187. 2009
    2009 Palatability and chemical defenses of sponges from the western Antarctic PeninsulaMarine Ecology Progress Series.  385:77-85. 2009
    2009 An evaluation of sponge-associated amphipods from the Antarctic PeninsulaAntarctic Science.  21:579-589. 2009
    2009 The effects of chronic inorganic and organic phosphate exposure on bactericidal activity of the coelomic fluid of the sea urchin Lytechinus variegatus (Lamarck) (Echinodermata: Echinoidea)Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part C: Toxicology and Pharmacology.  150:39-44. 2009
    2008 Intraspecific agonistic arm-fencing behavior in the Antarctic keystone sea star Odontaster validus influences prey acquisitionMarine Ecology Progress Series.  371:297-300. 2008
    2008 Mesofauna associated with the marine sponge Amphimedon viridis. Do its physical or chemical attributes provide a prospective refuge from fish predation?Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.  362:95-100. 2008
    2008 A laboratory study of behavioral interactions of the Antarctic keystone sea star Odontaster validus with three sympatric predatory sea starsMarine Biology.  154:1077-1084. 2008
    2008 Ecological responses to climate change on the Antarctic PeninsulaAmerican Scientist.  96:302-310. 2008
    2007 Abundance, diversity and fidelity of macroinvertebrates sheltering beneath rocks during tidal emersion in an intertidal cobble field: Does the intermediate disturbance hypothesis hold for less exposed shores with smaller rocks?Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.  352:351-360. 2007
    2007 Ecdysteroids from the antarctic tunicate Synoicum adareanumJournal of Natural Products.  70:1859-1864. 2007
    2007 Effects of sonication and advanced chemical oxidants on the unicellular green alga Dunaliella tertiolecta and cysts, larvae and adults of the brine shrimp Artemia salina: A prospective treatment to eradicate invasive organisms from ballast waterMarine Pollution Bulletin.  54:1777-1788. 2007
    2007 Patterns of gammaridean amphipod abundance and species composition associated with dominant subtidal macroalgae from the western Antarctic PeninsulaPolar Biology.  30:1417-1430. 2007
    2007 Allocation patterns of phlorotannins in Antarctic brown algaePhycologia.  46:386-395. 2007
    2007 A multivehicle platform for research in networked embedded systemsIEEE Control Systems.  27:58-78. 2007
    2007 Brooding in echinoderms: How can modern experimental techniques add to our historical perspective?Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.  342:191-201. 2007
    2006 Lack of defense or phlorotannin induction by UV radiation or mesograzers in Desmarestia anceps and D. menziesii (Phaeophyceae)Journal of Phycology.  42:1174-1183. 2006
    2006 The use of computer-assisted motion analysis for quantitative studies of the behaviour of barnacle (Balanus amphitrite) larvaeMarine behaviour and physiology.  39:259-268. 2006
    2006 Palmerolide A, a cytotoxic macrolide from the antarctic tunicate Synoicum adareanumJournal of the American Chemical Society.  128:5630-5631. 2006
    2006 Activators of viral gene expression in polarized epithelial monolayers identified by rapid-throughput drug screeningGene Therapy.  13:781-788. 2006
    2006 Bioassay-guided fractionation of antifouling compounds using computer-assisted motion analysis of brown algal spore swimmingBiofouling.  22:125-132. 2006
    2006 Feeding rates of common Antarctic gammarid amphipods on ecologically important sympatric macroalgaeJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.  329:55-65. 2006
    2005 Potential chemical defenses against diatom fouling in Antarctic macroalgaeBotanica Marina.  48:318-322. 2005
    2005 Within-thallus variation in chemical and physical defences in two species of ecologically dominant brown macroalgae from the Antarctic PeninsulaJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.  322:1-12. 2005
    2005 Variation in phlorotannin content within two species of brown macroalgae (Desmarestia anceps and D. menziesii) from the Western Antarctic PeninsulaPolar Biology.  28:680-686. 2005
    2005 Comprehensive evaluation of the palatability and chemical defenses of subtidal macroalgae from the Antarctic PeninsulaMarine Ecology Progress Series.  294:141-159. 2005
    2005 A comparative analysis of the nutritional and elemental composition of macroalgae from the western Antarctic PeninsulaPhycologia.  44:453-463. 2005
    2005 Ecology of antarctic marine sponges: An overviewAmerican Zoologist.  45:359-368. 2005
    2004 Biochemical composition, energy content and chemical antifeedant and antifoulant defenses of the colonial Antarctic ascidian Distaplia cylindricaMarine Biology.  145:885-894. 2004
    2004 Chemical investigation of predator-deterred macroalgae from the Antarctic PeninsulaJournal of Natural Products.  67:1295-1302. 2004
    2004 Further membranolide diterpenes from the Antarctic sponge Dendrilla membranosaJournal of Natural Products.  67:1172-1174. 2004
    2003 A New Antifouling Bioassay Monitoring Brown Algal Spore Swimming Behaviour in the Presence of Echinoderm ExtractsBiofouling.  19:327-334. 2003
    2003 Individual and Coupled Effects of Echinoderm Extracts and Surface Hydrophobicity on Spore Settlement and Germination in the Brown Alga Hincksia irregularisBiofouling.  19:315-326. 2003
    2003 Chemical defences in embryos and juveniles of two common Antarctic sea stars and an isopodAntarctic Science.  15:339-344. 2003
    2003 Surface sequestration of chemical feeding deterrents in the Antarctic sponge Latrunculia apicalis as an optimal defense against sea star spongivoryMarine Biology.  143:443-449. 2003
    2003 A Comparative Study of the Non-acidic Chemically Mediated Antifoulant Properties of Three Sympatric Species of Ascidians Associated with Seagrass HabitatsBiofouling.  19:235-245. 2003
    2003 Tissue-specific palatability and chemical defenses against macropredators and pathogens in the common articulate brachiopod Liothyrella uva from the Antarctic PeninsulaJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.  290:197-210. 2003
    2003 Bioactive asterosaponins from the starfish Luidia quinaria and Psilaster cassiope. Isolation and structure characterization by two-dimensional NMR spectroscopyJournal of Natural Products.  66:515-519. 2003
    2003 Isolation and characterisation of a cytolytic protein from mucus secretions of the Antarctic heteronemertine Parborlasia corrugatusToxicon.  41:483-491. 2003
    2002 Chemo-tactile predator avoidance responses of the common Antarctic limpet Nacella concinnaPolar Biology.  25:469-473. 2002
    2002 Effects of inorganic and organic phosphate exposure on aspects of reproduction in the common sea urchin Lytechinus variegatus (Echinodermata: Echinoidea)Journal of Experimental Zoology.  292:660-671. 2002
    2002 Time for Antarctic scientists to reach outAntarctic Science.  14:1. 2002
    2002 An analysis of cheliped asymmetry in three species of fiddler crabsGulf of Mexico Science.  20:106-109. 2002
    2002 Episodic rainfall influences the distribution and abundance of the regular sea urchin Lytechinus variegatus in Saint Andrew Bay northern gulf of MexicoGulf of Mexico Science.  20:67-74. 2002
    2002 Morphogenesis and organogenesis in the regenerating planktotrophic larvae of asteroids and echinoidsBiological Bulletin.  203:121-133. 2002
    2001 Regeneration in Echinoderm LarvaeMicroscopy Research and Technique.  55:464-473. 2001
    2001 Müller cell differentiation in the zebrafish neural retina: Evidence of distinct early and late stages in cell maturationJournal of Comparative Neurology.  429:530-540. 2001
    2001 Utilization of a novel deuterostome model for the study of regeneration genetics: Molecular cloning of genes that are differentially expressed during early stages of larval sea star regenerationGene.  262:73-80. 2001
    2001 Effects of inorganic and organic phosphates on feeding, feeding absorption, nutrient allocation, growth and righting responses of the sea urchin Lytechinus variegatusMarine Biology.  138:741-751. 2001
    2001 Qualitative and quantitative studies of the swimming behaviour Hincksia irregularis (Phaeophyceae) spores: Ecological implication parameters for quantitative swimming assaysPhycologia.  40:359-366. 2001
    2001 Secondary metabolites as mediators of trophic interactions among antarctic marine organismsAmerican Zoologist.  41:17-26. 2001
    2001 The ecology of Lytechinus variegatusDevelopments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science.  32:375-393. 2001
    2001 The effects of organic and inorganic phosphates on fertilization and early development in the sea urchin Lytechinus variegatus (Echinodermata: Echinoidea)Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part C: Toxicology and Pharmacology.  129:307-315. 2001
    2000 Comparative morphology of tube feet among the asteroidea: Phylogenetic implicationsAmerican Zoologist.  40:355-364. 2000
    2000 Starfish saponins, LVI. Three new asterosaponins from the starfish Goniopecten demonstransEuropean Journal of Organic Chemistry.  4093-4098. 2000
    2000 Structure and bioactivity of erebusinone, a pigment from the Antarctic sponge Isodictya erinaceaTetrahedron.  56:9057-9062. 2000
    2000 An evaluation of lekking behavior in the fiddler crab Uca spp.Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.  254:109-121. 2000
    2000 Demographic characteristics of Lytechinus variegatus (Echinoidea: Echinodermata) from three habitats in a North Florida Bay, Gulf of MexicoMarine Ecology.  21:17-40. 2000
    2000 Chemotactic tube-foot responses of the spongivorous sea star Perknaster fuscus to organic extracts of sponges from McMurdo Sound, AntarcticaAntarctic Science.  12:41-46. 2000
    2000 Chemical defenses against diatom fouling in Antarctic marine spongesBiofouling.  16:29-45. 2000
    2000 Effects of food concentration and availability on the incidence of cloning in planktotrophic larvae of the sea star Pisaster ochraceusBiological Bulletin.  199:298-304. 2000
    1999 The population dynamics of the brittlestar Ophioderma brevispinum in near- and farshore seagrass habitats of Port Saint Joseph Bay, FloridaGulf of Mexico Science.  17:87-94. 1999
    1999 An antarctic feeding triangle: Defensive interactions between macroalgae, sea urchins, and sea anemonesMarine Ecology Progress Series.  183:105-114. 1999
    1999 Food resource utilization in the sea urchin Lytechinus variegatus in contrasting shallow-water microhabitats of Saint Joseph Bay, FloridaGulf of Mexico Science.  17:27-34. 1999
    1999 Lack of chemical defense in two species of stalked crinoids: Support for the predation hypothesis for mesozoic bathymetric restrictionJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.  232:1-7. 1999
    1998 Population biology and antipredator defenses of the shallow-water Antarctic nudibranch Tritoniella belliMarine Biology.  132:259-265. 1998
    1998 Differential survivorship, reproduction, growth and nutrient allocation in the regular echinoid Lytechinus variegatus (Lamarck) fed natural dietsJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.  226:195-215. 1998
    1998 Regeneration in metazoan larvae [6]Nature.  394:140. 1998
    1998 Purine and nucleoside metabolites from the antarctic sponge Isodictya erinaceaJournal of Natural Products.  61:116-118. 1998
    1998 A quantitative assessment of chemically-mediated rheotaxis in the asteroid Coscinasterias tenuispinaMarine behaviour and physiology.  31:63-80. 1998
    1998 Chemical defense against herbivory in the Antarctic marine macroalgae Iridaea cordata and Phyllophora antarctica (Rhodophyceae)Journal of Phycology.  34:53-59. 1998
    1998 Chemical ecology in Antarctic seasAmerican Scientist.  86:254-263. 1998
    1998 Gonad production in the sea urchin Lytechinus variegatus (Lamarck) fed prepared dietsJournal of Shellfish Research.  17:1591-1595. 1998
    1997 Ecological roles for water-borne metabolites from Antarctic soft coralsMarine Ecology Progress Series.  161:133-144. 1997
    1997 Mycosporine-like amino acids in 38 species of subtidal marine organisms from McMurdo Sound, AntarcticaAntarctic Science.  9:392-398. 1997
    1997 Rhapsamine, a cytotoxin from the antarctic sponge Leucetta leptorhapsisTetrahedron Letters.  38:7507-7510. 1997
    1997 Isolation, structure elucidation, and biological activity of the steroid oligoglycosides and polyhydroxysteroids from the Antarctic starfish Acodontaster conspicuusJournal of Natural Products.  60:959-966. 1997
    1997 Activities of digestive enzymes of polar and subtropical echinodermsPolar Biology.  18:154-157. 1997
    1997 Palatability and chemical defense of eggs, embryos and larvae of shallow-water antarctic marine invertebratesMarine Ecology Progress Series.  154:121-131. 1997
    1997 Structural and chemical defenses of echinoderms from the northern Gulf of MexicoJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.  210:173-186. 1997
    1997 A review of the chemical ecology of antarctic marine invertebratesAmerican Zoologist.  37:329-342. 1997
    1997 Behavioral and chemical defenses of marine prosobranch gastropod Calliostoma canaliculatum in response to sympatric seastarsJournal of Chemical Ecology.  23:645-658. 1997
    1997 Deposit feeding: a novel mode of nutrition in the Antarctic colonial soft coral Gersemia antarcticaMarine Ecology Progress Series.  149:299-304. 1997
    1996 Aspects of the population dynamics and physiological ecology of the gastropod Physella cubensis (Pulmonata: Physidae) living in a warm-temperate stream and ephemeral pond habitatMalacologia -Philadelphia-.  37:333-348. 1996
    1996 Isolation of 20 glycosides from the starfish Henricia downeyae, collected in the Gulf of MexicoJournal of Natural Products.  59:348-354. 1996
    1996 Fundamental aspects of Müller cell differentiation in vivo, in vitro and across species barriersInvestigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science.  37. 1996
    1996 Bioactivity of echinoderm ethanolic body-wall extracts: An assessment of marine bacterial attachment and macroinvertebrate larval settlementJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.  196:79-96. 1996
    1996 Feeding-deterrent properties of common oceanic holoplankton from Bermudian watersLimnology and Oceanography.  41:798-801. 1996
    1996 Sex steroid metabolism in the antarctic pteropod Clione antarctica (Mollusca: Gastropoda)Transactions of the American Microscopical Society.  115:113-119. 1996
    1995 Growth and production of Sterechinus neumayeri (Echinoidea: Echinodermata) in McMurdo Sound, AntarcticaMarine Biology.  124:279-292. 1995
    1995 Discorhabdin alkaloids from the antarctic sponge latrunculia apicalisJournal of Natural Products.  58:1596-1599. 1995
    1995 Chemical defenses in Antarctic soft corals: evidence for antifouling compoundsJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.  190:61-77. 1995
    1995 Population structure and feeding deterrence in three shallow-water antarctic soft coralsMarine Biology.  122:461-470. 1995
    1995 Ecological role for pteroenone, a novel antifeedant from the conspicuous antarctic pteropod Clione antarctica (Gymnosomata: Gastropoda)Marine Biology.  122:271-277. 1995
    1995 Pteroenone: A Defensive Metaboltte of the Abducted Antarctic Pteropod Clione antarcticaJournal of Organic Chemistry.  60:780-782. 1995
    1995 Chemical and biological investigation of the polar constituents of the starfish luidia clathrata, collected in the gulf of mexicoJournal of Natural Products.  58:653-671. 1995
    1995 Chemical and ecological studies of the antarctic sponge dendrilla membranosaJournal of Natural Products.  58:1459-1462. 1995
    1995 Isolation and identification of a stilbene derivative from the antarctic sponge kirkpatrickia variolosaJournal of Natural Products.  58:1958-1960. 1995
    1994 Chemical defense of common antarctic shallow-water nudibranch Tritoniella belli eliot (Mollusca: Tritonidae) and its prey, Clavularia frankliniana rouel (Cnidaria: Octocorallia)Journal of Chemical Ecology.  20:3361-3372. 1994
    1994 Chemotactic tube-foot responses of a spongivorous sea star Perknaster fuscus to organic extracts from antarctic spongesJournal of Chemical Ecology.  20:859-870. 1994
    1994 Environmentally-induced catastrophic mortality of the sea urchin Lytechinus variegatus in shallow seagrass habitats of Saint Joseph's Bay, FloridaBulletin of Marine Science.  55:235-240. 1994
    1994 Homarine as a feeding deterrent in common shallow-water antarctic lamellarian gastropod Marseniopsis mollis: A rare example of chemical defense in a marine prosobranchJournal of Chemical Ecology.  20:2539-2549. 1994
    1994 Trophic biology of Antarctic shallow-water echinodermsMarine Ecology Progress Series.  111:191-202. 1994
    1993 Energy content and chemical defense of the articulate brachiopod Liothyrella uva (Jackson, 1912) from the Antarctic PeninsulaJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.  169:103-116. 1993
    1993 Feeding behavior of the sea star Astropecten articulatus (Echinodermata: Asteroidea): an evaluation of energy-efficient foraging in a soft-bottom predatorMarine Biology.  115:669-676. 1993
    1993 Population Dynamics and Life History Characteristics of the Blue Crabs Callinectes similis and C. sapidus in Bay Environments of the Northern Gulf of MexicoMarine Ecology.  14:239-257. 1993
    1993 Population dynamics and life history characteristics of the blue crabs Callinectes similis and C. sapidus in bay environments of the northern Gulf of MexicoMarine Ecology.  14:239-257. 1993
    1993 Population structure, growth and reproductive biology of the gorgonocephalid brittlestar Asteroporpa annulataBulletin of Marine Science.  52:925-936. 1993
    1993 Reproduction of clypeaster ravenelii (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) in the northern gulf of mexicoInvertebrate Reproduction and Development.  24:71-78. 1993
    1993 Structural characteristics of marsupial brood pouches of the antarctic sea urchins Abatus nimrodi and Abatus shackletoni (Echinoidea: Spatangoida)Journal of Morphology.  216:79-93. 1993
    1992 Chemical defense, biochemical composition and energy content of three shallow-water Antarctic gastropodsPolar Biology.  11:623-629. 1992
    1992 Antimicrobial activities of Antarctic spongesAntarctic Science.  4:179-183. 1992
    1992 Growth, energetics and food conversion efficiency during the last larval stadium of the tobacco hornworm (Manduca sexta)Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - A: Comparative Physiology.  102:395-399. 1992
    1991 Introduction to the symposium: Antarctic Marine BiologyAmerican Zoologist.  31:3-4. 1991
    1991 Reproduction of Antarctic benthic marine invertebrates: Tempos, modes, and timingAmerican Zoologist.  31:65-80. 1991
    1991 The effects of food quality and temperature on the nutrition of the carnivorous sea urchin Eucidaris tribuloides (Lamarck)Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.  149:279-286. 1991
    1991 Digestive carbohydrases of the blue crab Callinectes sapidus (Rathbun): implications in utilization of plant-derived detritus as a trophic resourceJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.  148:233-239. 1991
    1991 Biochemical and energetic composition, population biology, and chemical defense of the antarctic ascidian Cnemidocarpa verrucosa lessonJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.  147:163-175. 1991
    1991 Energetic composition, biomass, and chemical defense in the common antarctic nemertean Parborlasia corrugatus McIntoshJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.  153:15-25. 1991
    1991 Reproduction of Antarctic benthic marine invertebrates: tempos, modes, and timingAmerican Zoologist.  31:65-80. 1991
    1990 Chemical defense in the eggs and embryos of antarctic sea stars (Echinodermata)Marine Biology.  105:491-495. 1990
    1990 The effects of photoperiod on gametogenesis in the tropical sea urchin Eucidaris tribuloides (Lamarck) (Echinodermata: Echinoidea)Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.  139:175-184. 1990
    1990 Biochemical and energetic composition of bathyal echinoids and an asteroid, holothuroid and crinoid from the BahamasMarine Biology.  105:175-183. 1990
    1990 A comparison of reproduction by the brooding spatangoid echinoids abatus shackletoni and a. Nimrodi in mcmurdo sound, antarcticaInvertebrate Reproduction and Development.  17:181-191. 1990
    1990 Embryogenesis and the effects of temperature on embryonic development, juvenile growth rates, and the onset of oviposition in the fresh-water pulmonate gastropod physella cubensisInvertebrate Reproduction and Development.  17:65-71. 1990
    1990 Pteropod abduction as a chemical defence in a pelagic antarctic amphipodNature.  346:462-464. 1990
    1990 The biochemical and energetic composition of somatic body components of echinoderms from the northern Gulf of MexicoComparative Biochemistry and Physiology - A: Comparative Physiology.  95:529-532. 1990
    1989 Biomass plasticity of the leaves and inflorescences of Acaena magellanica (Lam.) Vahl (Rosaceae) on Subantarctic Iles KerguelenPolar Biology.  9:409-413. 1989
    1989 Toxicity of shallow-water Antarctic echinodermsPolar Biology.  9:461-465. 1989
    1989 Energetic composition, reproductive output, and resource allocation of Antarctic asteroidsPolar Biology.  9:147-153. 1989
    1989 The biochemical and energetic composition of somatic tissues during growth in the sea star, Pycnopodia helianthoides (echinodermata, asteroidea)Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - A: Comparative Physiology.  93:695-698. 1989
    1988 Population structure and energetics of the shallow-water antarctic sea star Odontaster validus in contrasting habitatsMarine Biology.  99:235-246. 1988
    1988 Allocation of organic material and energy to the holdfast, stipe, and fronds in Postelsia palmaeformis (Phaeophyta: Laminariales) on the California coastMarine Biology.  99:151-155. 1988
    1987 Reproductive biology of the common antarctic crinoid Promachocrinus kerguelensis (Echinodermata: Crinoidea)Marine Biology.  96:375-383. 1987
    1987 Investigation of the relationship between invertebrate predation and biochemical composition, energy content, spicule armament and toxicity of benthic sponges at McMurdo Sound, AntarcticaMarine Biology.  94:479-487. 1987
    1987 Biochemical composition of antarctic echinodermsComparative Biochemistry and Physiology - B: Comparative Biochemistry.  86:683-687. 1987
    1987 Intertidal Invertebrate and Algal Communities on the Rocky Shores of the Bay of Morbihan, Kerguelen (South Indian Ocean)Marine Ecology.  8:207-220. 1987
    1986 Allocation of nutrient resources to body components by regenerating Luidia clathrata (Say) (Echinodermata: Asteroidea)Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology.  102:47-53. 1986
    1986 On estimating energetic values of prey: implications in optimal diet modelsOecologia.  70:161-162. 1986
    1986 Movement patterns of the sub-Antarctic pulmonate limpet Kerguelenella lateralis (Gould) (Mollusca: Gastropoda)Polar Biology.  5:135-138. 1986
    1986 Organic and energetic content of eggs and juveniles of antarctic echinoids and asterids with lecithotrophic developmentComparative Biochemistry and Physiology - A: Comparative Physiology.  85:341-345. 1986
    1986 Size Selective Predation by the Asteroid Pisaster ochraceus on the Bivalve Mytilus calif ornianus: A Cost‐Benefit AnalysisMarine Ecology.  7:321-332. 1986
    1986 The effect of high salinity on development, mortality and ray number of Echinaster spinulosus (Echinodermata: Asteroidea) at different developmental stagesComparative Biochemistry and Physiology - A: Comparative Physiology.  83:229-231. 1986
    1985 Characteristics of foraging in the soft-bottom benthic starfish Luidia clathrata (echinodermata: Asteroidea): prey selectivity, switching behavior, functional responses and movement patternsOecologia.  66:291-298. 1985
    1985 Avoidance and escape responses of the sub-antarctic limpet Nacella edgari (Powell) (Mollusca: Gastropoda) to the sea star Anasterias perrieri (Smith) (Echinodermata: Asteroidea)Polar Biology.  4:95-98. 1985
    1985 Solitary grazersScience.  228:1485. 1985
    1984 Chemoreception in Luidia clathrata (Echinodermata: Asteroidea): qualitative and quantitative aspects of chemotactic responses to low molecular weight compoundsMarine Biology.  84:47-52. 1984
    1983 Biomass and caloric studies on marine invertebrates and algae at Kerguelen, southern Indian Ocean.Antarctic Journal of the United States.  18:183-185. 1983

    Chapter

    Year Title Altmetric
    2013 Chemistry and ecological role of starfish secondary metabolites.  81-89. 2013
    2008 Macroalgal chemical defenses in polar marine communities.  91-103. 2008
    2001 The chemical ecology of invertebrate meroplankton and holoplankton.  195-226. 2001

    Research Overview

  • Invertebrate Zoology; Marine Invertebrate Chemical Ecology, Nutrition, and Reproduction; Ocean Acidification; Polar Marine Biology; Climate Change; Antarctic Marine Ecology
  • Teaching Activities

  • BY460 - Advanced Invertebrate Zoology (Spring Term 2019) 2019
  • BY560 - Advanced Invertebrate Zoology (Spring Term 2019) 2019
  • BY698 - Nonthesis Research (Spring Term 2019) 2019
  • BY799 - Dissertation Research (Spring Term 2019) 2019
  • BY255 - Invertebrate Zoology (Fall Term 2018) 2018
  • BY696 - Special Topics in Biology II (Fall Term 2018) 2018
  • BY798 - Nondissertation Research (Fall Term 2018) 2018
  • UHP153 - Interdisciplinary: Biology (Fall Term 2018) 2018
  • UHP253 - Interdisciplinary: Biology (Fall Term 2018) 2018
  • UHP353 - Interdisciplinary: Biology (Fall Term 2018) 2018
  • BY398 - Undergrad Research - RES (Summer Term 2018) 2018
  • BY798 - Nondissertation Research (Summer Term 2018) 2018
  • BY267 - Tropical Ecology (Summer Term 2018) 2018
  • BY798 - Nondissertation Research (Spring Term 2018) 2018
  • BY799 - Dissertation Research (Spring Term 2018) 2018
  • BY255 - Invertebrate Zoology (Fall Term 2017) 2017
  • BY799 - Dissertation Research (Fall Term 2017) 2017
  • BY798 - Nondissertation Research (Summer Term 2017) 2017
  • BY268 - Galapagos Ecology (Summer Term 2017) 2017
  • BY568 - Galapagos Ecology (Summer Term 2017) 2017
  • BY398 - Undergrad Research - RES (Spring Term 2017) 2017
  • BY796 - Special Topics in Biology II (Spring Term 2017) 2017
  • BY798 - Nondissertation Research (Spring Term 2017) 2017
  • BY255 - Invertebrate Zoology (Fall Term 2016) 2016
  • BY397 - Advanced Directed Readings (Fall Term 2016) 2016
  • BY799 - Dissertation Research (Fall Term 2016) 2016
  • BY799 - Dissertation Research (Summer Term 2016) 2016
  • BY267 - Tropical Ecology (Summer Term 2016) 2016
  • BY567 - Tropical Ecology (Summer Term 2016) 2016
  • HON267 - Seminar: Tropical Ecology (Summer Term 2016) 2016
  • BY398 - Undergrad Research - RES (Spring Term 2016) 2016
  • BY460 - Advanced Invertebrate Zoology (Spring Term 2016) 2016
  • BY560 - Advanced Invertebrate Zoology (Spring Term 2016) 2016
  • BY699 - Thesis Research (Spring Term 2016) 2016
  • BY799 - Dissertation Research (Spring Term 2016) 2016
  • BY255 - Invertebrate Zoology (Fall Term 2015) 2015
  • BY398 - Undergrad Research - RES (Fall Term 2015) 2015
  • BY699 - Thesis Research (Fall Term 2015) 2015
  • BY799 - Dissertation Research (Fall Term 2015) 2015
  • BY398 - Undergrad Research - RES (Summer Term 2015) 2015
  • BY699 - Thesis Research (Summer Term 2015) 2015
  • BY799 - Dissertation Research (Summer Term 2015) 2015
  • BY269 - Rain Forest Ecology (Summer Term 2015) 2015
  • BY569 - Rain Forest Ecology (Summer Term 2015) 2015
  • BY397 - Advanced Directed Readings (Spring Term 2015) 2015
  • BY398 - Undergrad Research - RES (Spring Term 2015) 2015
  • BY460 - Advanced Invertebrate Zoology (Spring Term 2015) 2015
  • BY560 - Advanced Invertebrate Zoology (Spring Term 2015) 2015
  • BY698 - Nonthesis Research (Spring Term 2015) 2015
  • BY799 - Dissertation Research (Spring Term 2015) 2015
  • BY255 - Invertebrate Zoology (Fall Term 2014) 2014
  • BY255L - Invertebrate Zoology Lab (Fall Term 2014) 2014
  • BY255L - Invertebrate Zoology Lab (Fall Term 2014) 2014
  • BY798 - Nondissertation Research (Fall Term 2014) 2014
  • BY799 - Dissertation Research (Fall Term 2014) 2014
  • BY798 - Nondissertation Research (Summer Term 2014) 2014
  • BY267 - Tropical Ecology (Summer Term 2014) 2014
  • BY567 - Tropical Ecology (Summer Term 2014) 2014
  • BY798 - Nondissertation Research (Spring Term 2014) 2014
  • BY799 - Dissertation Research (Spring Term 2014) 2014
  • BY255 - Invertebrate Zoology (Fall Term 2013) 2013
  • BY255L - Invertebrate Zoology Lab (Fall Term 2013) 2013
  • BY255L - Invertebrate Zoology Lab (Fall Term 2013) 2013
  • BY798 - Nondissertation Research (Fall Term 2013) 2013
  • BY799 - Dissertation Research (Fall Term 2013) 2013
  • BY268 - Galapagos Ecology (Summer Term 2013) 2013
  • BY568 - Galapagos Ecology (Summer Term 2013) 2013
  • BY395 - Special Topics in Biology (Spring Term 2013) 2013
  • BY460 - Advanced Invertebrate Zoology (Spring Term 2013) 2013
  • BY560 - Advanced Invertebrate Zoology (Spring Term 2013) 2013
  • BY255 - Invertebrate Zoology (Fall Term 2012) 2012
  • BY267 - Tropical Ecology (Summer Term 2012) 2012
  • BY567 - Tropical Ecology (Summer Term 2012) 2012
  • HON267 - Honors: Tropical Ecology (Summer Term 2012) 2012
  • BY460 - Advanced Invertebrate Zoology (Spring Term 2012) 2012
  • BY560 - Advanced Invertebrate Zoology (Spring Term 2012) 2012
  • BY255 - Invertebrate Zoology (Fall Term 2011) 2011
  • BY269 - Rain Forest Ecology (Summer Term 2011) 2011
  • BY460 - Advanced Invertebrate Zoology (Spring Term 2011) 2011
  • BY255 - Invertebrate Zoology (Fall Term 2010) 2010
  • HON267 - Honors: Tropical Ecology (Summer Term 2010) 2010
  • BY267 - Tropical Ecology (Summer Term 2010) 2010
  • BY255 - Invertebrate Zoology (Fall Term 2009) 2009
  • BY398 - Undergrad Research - RES (Fall Term 2009) 2009
  • BY268 - Galapagos Ecology (Summer Term 2009) 2009
  • BY568 - Galapagos Ecology (Summer Term 2009) 2009
  • HON268 - Ecology of Galapagos Isles (Summer Term 2009) 2009
  • BY460 - Advanced Invertebrate Zoology (Spring Term 2009) 2009
  • BY560 - Advanced Invertebrate Zoology (Spring Term 2009) 2009
  • BY255 - Invertebrate Zoology (Fall Term 2008) 2008
  • BY499 - Biology Seminar (Fall Term 2008) 2008
  • BY692 - Seminar in Ecology (Fall Term 2008) 2008
  • BY792 - Seminar in Ecology (Fall Term 2008) 2008
  • BY567 - Tropical Ecology (Summer Term 2008) 2008
  • HON267 - Honors: Tropical Ecology (Summer Term 2008) 2008
  • BY267 - Tropical Ecology (Summer Term 2008) 2008
  • BY255 - Invertebrate Zoology (Fall Term 2007) 2007
  • BY255L - Invertebrate Zoology Lab (Fall Term 2007) 2007
  • BY255L - Invertebrate Zoology Lab (Fall Term 2007) 2007
  • Education And Training

  • Doctor of Philosophy in Biology, University of South Florida 1984
  • Master of Science in Zoology / Animal Biology, University of South Florida 1980
  • Full Name

  • James McClintock