• Dr. Cropsey attended undergraduate and her masters degree at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. She attended Indiana State University in Terre Haute, Indiana for her doctoral training and completed internship in Clinical Psychology at Virginia Commonwealth University in Richmond, Virginia. She completed postdoctoral fellowships in forensics and substance abuse at University of Mississippi Medical Center and Virginia Commonwealth University. She stayed on as faculty in the Department of Psychiatry at Virginia Commonwealth University after completing her fellowship training. She joined the faculty at University of Alabama at Birmingham in 2007 as an Associate Professor in the Department of Psychiatry.
  • Selected Publications

    Academic Article

    Year Title Altmetric
    2019 Self-initiated gradual smoking reduction among community correction smokersAddictive Behaviors.  93:100-103. 2019
    2019 Do Symptoms of Depression Interact with Substance Use to Affect HIV Continuum of Care Outcomes?AIDS and Behavior.  23:580-591. 2019
    2019 Differences among cigarette-only smokers compared to dual users of cigarettes and little cigars/cigarillos in the criminal justice populationAddictive Behaviors.  90:236-240. 2019
    2019 Factors Associated With Marijuana Use Among Treatment-seeking Adult Cigarette Smokers in the Criminal Justice PopulationJournal of Addiction Medicine.  13:147-152. 2019
    2018 Medical, psychosocial, and treatment predictors of opioid overdose among high risk opioid usersAddictive Behaviors.  86:51-55. 2018
    2018 Treatment Outcomes Associated with Quitting Cigarettes Among Sexual Minority Men Living with HIV: Antiretroviral Adherence, Engagement in Care, and Sustained HIV RNA SuppressionAIDS and Behavior.  22:2868-2876. 2018
    2018 Assessment of Cardiovascular Health among Community-Dwelling Men with Incarceration HistoryJournal of Urban Health.  95:556-563. 2018
    2018 Determining the optimal clinical cutoff on the CES-D for depression in a community corrections sampleJournal of Affective Disorders.  234:270-275. 2018
    2018 Gaging the impact of multiple substance use on community corrections involvementAddictive Behaviors.  81:55-59. 2018
    2018 Predictors of Longitudinal Trajectories of Alcohol Consumption in People with HIVAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research.  42:561-570. 2018
    2018 Point-of-Care Urine Ethyl Glucuronide Testing to Detect Alcohol Use Among HIV-Hepatitis B Virus Coinfected Adults in ZambiaAIDS and Behavior.  1-6. 2018
    2018 Alcohol Use Patterns and Subsequent Sexual Behaviors Among Women, Men who have Sex with Men and Men who have Sex with Women Engaged in Routine HIV Care in the United StatesAIDS and Behavior2018
    2018 The relationships of classic psychedelic use with criminal behavior in the United States adult populationJournal of Psychopharmacology.  32:37-48. 2018
    2017 Mixed-amphetamine salts expectancies among college students: Is stimulant induced cognitive enhancement a placebo effect?Drug and Alcohol Dependence.  178:302-309. 2017
    2017 Correcting delayed circadian phase with bright light therapy predicts improvement in ADHD symptoms: A pilot studyJournal of Psychiatric Research.  91:105-110. 2017
    2017 Willingness of Mentally Ill Individuals to Sign Up for a Novel Proposal to Prevent Firearm SuicideSuicide and Life-Threatening Behavior.  47:483-492. 2017
    2017 A Pilot Trial Examining African American and White Responses to Algorithm-Guided Smoking Cessation Medication Selection in Persons Living with HIVAIDS and Behavior.  21:1975-1984. 2017
    2017 Prevalence and Factors Associated with Hazardous Alcohol Use Among Persons Living with HIV Across the US in the Current Era of Antiretroviral TreatmentAIDS and Behavior.  21:1914-1925. 2017
    2017 Associations between At-Risk Alcohol Use, Substance Use, and Smoking with Lipohypertrophy and Lipoatrophy among Patients Living with HIVAIDS Research and Human Retroviruses.  33:534-545. 2017
    2017 A pilot trial of In vivo NRT sampling to increase medication adherence in community corrections smokersAddictive Behaviors.  67:92-99. 2017
    2017 A multiple imputation method for incomplete correlated ordinal data using multivariate probit modelsCommunications in Statistics - Simulation and Computation.  46:2360-2375. 2017
    2017 Smoking, HIV, and risk of pregnancy lossAIDS.  31:553-560. 2017
    2017 Not all non-drinkers with HIV are equal: demographic and clinical comparisons among current non-drinkers with and without a history of prior alcohol use disorders*AIDS Care.  29:177-184. 2017
    2017 Predictors of medication adherence and smoking cessation among smokers under community corrections supervisionAddictive Behaviors.  65:111-117. 2017
    2017 Factors associated with early marijuana initiation in a criminal justice populationAddictive Behaviors.  64:82-88. 2017
    2016 Preliminary results for an economic exchange game designed to measure of an aspect of antisocial behaviorPersonality and Individual Differences.  101:120-126. 2016
    2016 The impact of non-concordant self-report of substance use in clinical trials researchAddictive Behaviors.  58:74-79. 2016
    2016 Withdrawal exposure with withdrawal regulation training for smoking cessation: A randomized controlled pilot trialDrug and Alcohol Dependence.  164:28-37. 2016
    2016 Tobacco withdrawal amongst african american, hispanic, and white smokersNicotine and Tobacco Research.  18:1479-1487. 2016
    2016 Utilization of Alcohol Treatment Among HIV-Positive Women with Hazardous DrinkingJournal of Substance Abuse Treatment.  64:55-61. 2016
    2016 HIV primary care providers-Screening, knowledge, attitudes and behaviors related to alcohol interventionsDrug and Alcohol Dependence.  161:59-66. 2016
    2016 Factors Associated with Prescription of Opioids and Co-prescription of Sedating Medications in Individuals with HIVAIDS and Behavior.  20:687-698. 2016
    2016 Cigarette Smokers are Less Likely to Have Undetectable Viral Loads: Results from Four HIV ClinicsJournal of Addiction Medicine.  10:13-19. 2016
    2016 Family dysfunction and suicide risk in a community corrections sampleCrisis - The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention.  37:454-460. 2016
    2016 The connection between thwarted belongingness, alcohol consumption, suicidal, and homicidal ideation in a criminal justice sampleJournal of Addiction Medicine.  10:437-442. 2016
    2015 The Adverse Effects of Motherhood on Substance Use Treatment Program Outcomes among Adolescent WomenJournal of Addiction Medicine.  9:478-484. 2015
    2015 Cognitive risk profiles for anxiety disorders in a high-risk populationPsychiatry Research.  229:572-576. 2015
    2015 Risk factors for concurrent use of benzodiazepines and opioids among individuals under community corrections supervisionDrug and Alcohol Dependence.  154:152-157. 2015
    2015 An Algorithm Approach to Determining Smoking Cessation Treatment for Persons Living With HIV/AIDS: Results of a Pilot TrialJournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes and Human Retrovirology.  69:291-298. 2015
    2015 Factors Associated With Smoking Status among HIV-Positive Patients in Routine Clinical Care.Journal of AIDS and Clinical Research.  6. 2015
    2015 Highly effective birth control use before and after women's incarcerationJournal of Women's Health.  24:530-539. 2015
    2015 Individuals in the criminal justice system show differences in cooperative behaviour: Implications from cooperative gamesCriminal Behaviour and Mental Health.  25:169-180. 2015
    2015 Race and Medication Adherence Moderate Cessation Outcomes in Criminal Justice SmokersAmerican Journal of Preventive Medicine.  49:335-344. 2015
    2015 The minority are the majority: Today's smokerJournal of Allied Health.  44:115-116. 2015
    2015 Varenicline for smoking reduction PriortoCessationJournal of the American Medical Association.  313:2284-2285. 2015
    2014 News committee for the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco Treatment Network: policy issues.Nicotine and Tobacco Research.  16:634-635. 2014
    2014 News committee for the SRNT treatment networkNicotine and Tobacco Research.  16:378-379. 2014
    2014 Anxiety and suicidal ideation predict successful completion of substance abuse treatment in a criminal justice sampleThe International journal of the addictions.  49:836-841. 2014
    2014 Association of race and age with treatment attendance and completion among adult marijuana users in community-based substance abuse treatmentJournal of Addiction Medicine.  8:143-149. 2014
    2014 Evaluating the effect of access to free medication to quit smoking: A clinical trial testing the role of motivationNicotine and Tobacco Research.  16:992-999. 2014
    2014 Expectancies for the effectiveness of different tobacco interventions account for racial and gender differences in motivation to quit and abstinence self-efficacyNicotine and Tobacco Research.  16. 2014
    2014 Hallucinogen use predicts reduced recidivism among substance-involved offenders under community corrections supervisionJournal of Psychopharmacology.  28:62-66. 2014
    2014 How low should you go? Determining the optimal cutoff for exhaled carbon monoxide to confirm smoking abstinence when using cotinine as referenceNicotine and Tobacco Research.  16:1348-1355. 2014
    2014 Methadone maintenance treatment may improve completion rates and delay opioid relapse for opioid dependent individuals under community corrections supervisionAddictive Behaviors.  39:1736-1740. 2014
    2014 Open label smoking cessation with varenicline is associated with decreased glutamate levels and functional changes in anterior cingulate cortex: Preliminary findingsFrontiers in Pharmacology.  5 JUL. 2014
    2014 Rapid Follow-Up for Patients After Psychiatric CrisisCommunity Mental Health Journal.  51:139-144. 2014
    2014 Relationship of Trauma Exposure and Substance Abuse to Self-Reported Violence Among Men and Women in Substance Abuse TreatmentJournal of Interpersonal Violence.  29:1514-1530. 2014
    2014 Sleep strategies of night-shift nurses on days off: Which ones are most adaptive?Frontiers in Neurology.  5. 2014
    2014 The impact of brief tobacco treatment training on practice behaviours, self-efficacy and attitudes among healthcare providersInternational Journal of Clinical Practice.  68:882-889. 2014
    2013 The relationship between prior suicidal behavior and mortality among individuals in community correctionsCrisis - The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention.  34:428-433. 2013
    2013 Characterization of opioid overdose and response in a high-risk community corrections sample: A preliminary studyJournal of Opioid Management.  9:393-400. 2013
    2013 Factors associated with smoking among adolescent males prior to incarceration and after release from jail: A longitudinal studySubstance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy.  8. 2013
    2013 A pilot study of Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral for Treatment (SBIRT) in non-treatment seeking smokers with HIVAddictive Behaviors.  38:2541-2546. 2013
    2013 Factors associated with rapid failure in a treatment alternatives for safer communities (TASC) programJournal of Substance Abuse Treatment.  45:376-380. 2013
    2013 Predictors of Adherence to Behavioral Counseling and Medication Among Female Prisoners Enrolled in a Smoking Cessation TrialJournal of Correctional Health Care.  19:236-247. 2013
    2013 Cooperation and depressive symptomsJournal of Affective Disorders.  150:1184-1187. 2013
    2013 Buprenorphine and medication management in a community corrections population: A pilot StudyJournal of Addiction Medicine.  7:210-215. 2013
    2013 Gender and racial differences for suicide attempters and ideators in a high-risk community corrections populationCrisis - The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention.  34:50-62. 2013
    2013 HIV-risk characteristics in community correctionsJournal of Addiction Medicine.  7:45-51. 2013
    2012 Characteristics of Victims of Sexual Abuse by Gender and Race in a Community Corrections PopulationJournal of Interpersonal Violence.  27:1844-1861. 2012
    2012 What does self-identified drug of choice tell us about individuals under community corrections supervision?Journal of Addiction Medicine.  6:57-67. 2012
    2012 The unmet medical needs of correctional populations in the United StatesJournal of the National Medical Association.  104:487-492. 2012
    2011 Results of a pilot randomized controlled trial of buprenorphine for opioid dependent women in the criminal justice systemDrug and Alcohol Dependence.  119:172-178. 2011
    2011 Risk factors for cervical cancer in criminal justice settingsJournal of Women's Health.  20:1839-1845. 2011
    2011 Preconception markers of dual risk for alcohol and smoking exposed pregnancy: Tools for primary preventionJournal of Women's Health.  20:1627-1633. 2011
    2011 Factors predicting substance dependence and psychotropic medication use among offenders in community correctionsAddictive Behaviors.  36:755-758. 2011
    2011 Assessing the utility of consumer surveys for improving the quality of behavioral health care servicesJournal of Behavioral Health Services and Research.  38:234-248. 2011
    2011 Impact of self-initiated pre-quit smoking reduction on cessation rates: Results of a clinical trial of smoking cessation among female prisonersAddictive Behaviors.  36:73-78. 2011
    2010 The contraceptive needs for STD protection among women in jailHealth Education and Behavior.  37:568-579. 2010
    2010 The impact of quitting smoking on weight among women prisoners participating in a smoking cessation interventionAmerican Journal of Public Health.  100:1442-1448. 2010
    2010 A tutorial on principal stratification-based sensitivity analysis: Application to smoking cessation studiesClinical Trials.  7:286-298. 2010
    2010 Factors related to injection drug use among female prisonersThe International journal of the addictions.  45:368-383. 2010
    2010 Long-term, reversible contraception use among high-risk women treated in a university-based gynecology clinic: comparison between IUD and depo-provera.Journal of Women's Health.  19:349-353. 2010
    2009 Smoking characteristics of community corrections clientsNicotine and Tobacco Research.  12:53-58. 2009
    2009 Modulation of limbic circuitry predicts treatment response to antipsychotic medication: A functional imaging study in schizophreniaNeuropsychopharmacology.  34:2675-2690. 2009
    2009 The contraceptive needs of incarcerated womenJournal of Women's Health.  18:1221-1226. 2009
    2009 Differential success rates in racial groups: Results of a clinical trial of smoking cessation among female prisonersNicotine and Tobacco Research.  11:690-697. 2009
    2009 A test of motivational plus nicotine replacement interventions for HIV positive smokersAIDS and Behavior.  13:545-554. 2009
    2009 Smoking Bans and Restrictions in U.S. Prisons and Jails. Consequences for Incarcerated WomenAmerican Journal of Preventive Medicine.  37. 2009
    2008 Prescription Opioid Misuse Index: A brief questionnaire to assess misuseJournal of Substance Abuse Treatment.  35:380-386. 2008
    2008 Smoking cessation intervention for female prisoners: Addressing an urgent public health needAmerican Journal of Public Health.  98:1894-1901. 2008
    2008 COD services in community correctional settings: An examination of organizational factors that affect service deliveryBehavioral Sciences and the Law.  26:435-455. 2008
    2008 Why do faculty leave? Reasons for attrition of women and minority faculty from a medical school: Four-year resultsJournal of Women's Health.  17:1111-1118. 2008
    2008 Predictors of involvement in the juvenile justice system among psychiatric hospitalized adolescentsAddictive Behaviors.  33:942-948. 2008
    2008 OxyContin® use and misuse in three populations: Substance abuse patients, pain patients, and criminal justice participantsJournal of Opioid Management.  4:73-79. 2008
    2008 An analysis of racial and sex differences for smoking among adolescents in a juvenile correctional centerDrug and Alcohol Dependence.  92:156-163. 2008
    2008 HCV in Incarcerated Populations: An Analysis of Gender and Criminality on RiskJournal of Psychoactive Drugs.  40:493-501. 2008
    2007 Addiction epidemiology in adolescents receiving inpatient psychiatric treatmentAddictive Behaviors.  32:3107-3113. 2007
    2007 Screening, assessment, and referral practices in adult correctional settings: A national perspectiveCriminal Justice and Behavior.  34:1216-1234. 2007
    2007 Women physicians and addictionJournal of Addictive Diseases.  26:35-43. 2007
    2007 Posttraumatic stress disorder treatment in correctional settings: A brief review of the empirical literature and suggestions for future researchPsychotherapy.  44:46-53. 2007
    2007 Intrauterine device use in a high-risk population: experience from an urban university clinicAmerican Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology.  197:193.e1-193.e7. 2007
    2007 Specialized Prisons and Services: Results From a National SurveyPrison Journal.  87:58-85. 2007
    2006 Expired carbon monoxide levels in self-reported smokers and nonsmokers in prisonNicotine and Tobacco Research.  8:653-659. 2006
    2006 Publishing HIV/AIDS behavioural science reports: An author's guideAIDS Care.  18:674-680. 2006
    2006 Relationship Between Smoking Status and Oral Health in a Prison PopulationJournal of Correctional Health Care.  12:240-248. 2006
    2005 Pharmacotherapy treatment in substance-dependent correctional populations: A reviewThe International journal of the addictions.  40:1983-1999. 2005
    2005 HCV prevalence in methadone maintenance: Self-report versus serum testHealth values.  29:387-394. 2005
    2005 The effects of a prison smoking ban on smoking behavior and withdrawal symptomsAddictive Behaviors.  30:589-594. 2005
    2004 Smoking stage of change is associated with retention in a smoke-free residential drug treatment program for womenAddictive Behaviors.  29:1265-1270. 2004
    2004 Smoking among female prisoners: An ignored public health epidemicAddictive Behaviors.  29:425-431. 2004
    2003 Motivational factors related to quitting smoking among prisoners during a smoking banAddictive Behaviors.  28:1081-1093. 2003
    2000 Sensation seeking and drinking game participation in heavy-drinking college studentsAddictive Behaviors.  25:109-116. 2000

    Research Overview

  • Substance Abuse - Dr. Cropsey's interest centers on treating substance abuse in vulnerable populations such as individuals in the criminal justice system and persons living with HIV/AIDS. She has an ongoing program of research in smoking cessation interventions with individuals in the criminal justice system as well as studies investigating alcohol treatment for individuals living with HIV.
  • Full Name

  • Karen Cropsey