• Dr. Cropsey attended undergraduate and her masters degree at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. She attended Indiana State University in Terre Haute, Indiana for her doctoral training and completed internship in Clinical Psychology at Virginia Commonwealth University in Richmond, Virginia. She completed postdoctoral fellowships in forensics and substance abuse at University of Mississippi Medical Center and Virginia Commonwealth University. She stayed on as faculty in the Department of Psychiatry at Virginia Commonwealth University after completing her fellowship training. She joined the faculty at University of Alabama at Birmingham in 2007 as an Associate Professor in the Department of Psychiatry.
  • Selected Publications

    Academic Article

    Year Title Altmetric
    2019 Self-initiated gradual smoking reduction among community correction smokersAddictive Behaviors.  93:100-103. 2019
    2019 Differences among cigarette-only smokers compared to dual users of cigarettes and little cigars/cigarillos in the criminal justice population.Addictive Behaviors.  90:236-240. 2019
    2018 Alcohol Use Patterns and Subsequent Sexual Behaviors Among Women, Men who have Sex with Men and Men who have Sex with Women Engaged in Routine HIV Care in the United States.AIDS and Behavior2018
    2018 Medical, psychosocial, and treatment predictors of opioid overdose among high risk opioid users.Addictive Behaviors.  86:51-55. 2018
    2018 Treatment Outcomes Associated with Quitting Cigarettes Among Sexual Minority Men Living with HIV: Antiretroviral Adherence, Engagement in Care, and Sustained HIV RNA Suppression.AIDS and Behavior.  22:2868-2876. 2018
    2018 Assessment of Cardiovascular Health among Community-Dwelling Men with Incarceration History.Journal of Urban Health.  95:556-563. 2018
    2018 Point-of-Care Urine Ethyl Glucuronide Testing to Detect Alcohol Use Among HIV-Hepatitis B Virus Coinfected Adults in Zambia.AIDS and Behavior.  22:2334-2339. 2018
    2018 Gaging the impact of multiple substance use on community corrections involvement.Addictive Behaviors.  81:55-59. 2018
    2018 Determining the optimal clinical cutoff on the CES-D for depression in a community corrections sample.Journal of Affective Disorders.  234:270-275. 2018
    2018 Predictors of Longitudinal Trajectories of Alcohol Consumption in People with HIV.Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research.  42:561-570. 2018
    2018 The relationships of classic psychedelic use with criminal behavior in the United States adult population.Journal of Psychopharmacology.  32:37-48. 2018
    2017 A Pilot Trial Examining African American and White Responses to Algorithm-Guided Smoking Cessation Medication Selection in Persons Living with HIV.AIDS and Behavior.  21:1975-1984. 2017
    2017 Prevalence and Factors Associated with Hazardous Alcohol Use Among Persons Living with HIV Across the US in the Current Era of Antiretroviral Treatment.AIDS and Behavior.  21:1914-1925. 2017
    2017 Mixed-amphetamine salts expectancies among college students: Is stimulant induced cognitive enhancement a placebo effect?Drug and Alcohol Dependence.  178:302-309. 2017
    2017 A pilot trial of In vivo NRT sampling to increase medication adherence in community corrections smokers.Addictive Behaviors.  67:92-99. 2017
    2017 A multiple imputation method for incomplete correlated ordinal data using multivariate probit modelsCommunications in Statistics - Simulation and Computation.  46:2360-2375. 2017
    2017 Correcting delayed circadian phase with bright light therapy predicts improvement in ADHD symptoms: A pilot study.Journal of Psychiatric Research.  91:105-110. 2017
    2017 Smoking, HIV, and risk of pregnancy loss.AIDS.  31:553-560. 2017
    2017 Associations Between At-Risk Alcohol Use, Substance Use, and Smoking with Lipohypertrophy and Lipoatrophy Among Patients Living with HIV.AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses2017
    2017 Factors associated with early marijuana initiation in a criminal justice population.Addictive Behaviors.  64:82-88. 2017
    2016 Family Dysfunction and Suicide Risk in a Community Corrections Sample.Crisis - The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention.  37:454-460. 2016
    2016 Predictors of medication adherence and smoking cessation among smokers under community corrections supervision.Addictive Behaviors.  65:111-117. 2016
    2016 Willingness of Mentally Ill Individuals to Sign Up for a Novel Proposal to Prevent Firearm Suicide.Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior.  47:483-492. 2016
    2016 Preliminary results for an economic exchange game designed to measure of an aspect of antisocial behaviorPersonality and Individual Differences.  101:120-126. 2016
    2016 Not all non-drinkers with HIV are equal: demographic and clinical comparisons among current non-drinkers with and without a history of prior alcohol use disorders.AIDS Care.  29:177-184. 2016
    2016 The impact of non-concordant self-report of substance use in clinical trials research.Addictive Behaviors.  58:74-79. 2016
    2016 Tobacco Withdrawal Amongst African American, Hispanic, and White Smokers.Nicotine and Tobacco Research.  18:1479-1487. 2016
    2016 Utilization of Alcohol Treatment Among HIV-Positive Women with Hazardous Drinking.Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment.  64:55-61. 2016
    2016 HIV primary care providers--Screening, knowledge, attitudes and behaviors related to alcohol interventions.Drug and Alcohol Dependence.  161:59-66. 2016
    2016 Withdrawal exposure with withdrawal regulation training for smoking cessation: a randomized controlled pilot trial.Drug and Alcohol Dependence.  164:28-37. 2016
    2016 Factors Associated with Prescription of Opioids and Co-prescription of Sedating Medications in Individuals with HIV.AIDS and Behavior.  20:687-698. 2016
    2016 Cigarette Smokers are Less Likely to Have Undetectable Viral Loads: Results From Four HIV Clinics.Journal of Addiction Medicine.  10:13-19. 2016
    2015 The Adverse Effects of Motherhood on Substance Use Treatment Program Outcomes Among Adolescent Women.Journal of Addiction Medicine.  9:478-484. 2015
    2015 Cognitive risk profiles for anxiety disorders in a high-risk population.Psychiatry Research.  229:572-576. 2015
    2015 Race and Medication Adherence Moderate Cessation Outcomes in Criminal Justice Smokers.American Journal of Preventive Medicine.  49:335-344. 2015
    2015 Risk factors for concurrent use of benzodiazepines and opioids among individuals under community corrections supervision.Drug and Alcohol Dependence.  154:152-157. 2015
    2015 An Algorithm Approach to Determining Smoking Cessation Treatment for Persons Living With HIV/AIDS: Results of a Pilot Trial.Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes.  69:291-298. 2015
    2015 Factors Associated With Smoking Status among HIV-Positive Patients in Routine Clinical Care.Journal of AIDS and Clinical Research.  6. 2015
    2015 Individuals in the criminal justice system show differences in cooperative behaviour: Implications from cooperative games.Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health.  25:169-180. 2015
    2015 Varenicline for smoking reduction prior to cessation.Journal of the American Medical Association.  313:2284-2285. 2015
    2015 Highly Effective Birth Control Use Before and After Women's Incarceration.Journal of Women's Health.  24:530-539. 2015
    2015 Rapid follow-up for patients after psychiatric crisis.Community Mental Health Journal.  51:139-144. 2015
    2015 The Minority Are the Majority: Today's Smoker.Journal of Allied Health.  44:115-116. 2015
    2014 Methadone maintenance treatment may improve completion rates and delay opioid relapse for opioid dependent individuals under community corrections supervision.Addictive Behaviors.  39:1736-1740. 2014
    2014 How low should you go? Determining the optimal cutoff for exhaled carbon monoxide to confirm smoking abstinence when using cotinine as reference.Nicotine and Tobacco Research.  16:1348-1355. 2014
    2014 Expectancies for the effectiveness of different tobacco interventions account for racial and gender differences in motivation to quit and abstinence self-efficacy.Nicotine and Tobacco Research.  16:1174-1182. 2014
    2014 Evaluating the effect of access to free medication to quit smoking: a clinical trial testing the role of motivation.Nicotine and Tobacco Research.  16:992-999. 2014
    2014 The impact of brief tobacco treatment training on practice behaviours, self-efficacy and attitudes among healthcare providers.International Journal of Clinical Practice.  68:882-889. 2014
    2014 Anxiety and suicidal ideation predict successful completion of substance abuse treatment in a criminal justice sample.The International journal of the addictions.  49:836-841. 2014
    2014 News committee for the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco Treatment Network: policy issues.Nicotine and Tobacco Research.  16:634-635. 2014
    2014 Relationship of trauma exposure and substance abuse to self-reported violence among men and women in substance abuse treatment.Journal of Interpersonal Violence.  29:1514-1530. 2014
    2014 Association of race and age with treatment attendance and completion among adult marijuana users in community-based substance abuse treatment.Journal of Addiction Medicine.  8:143-149. 2014
    2014 News committee for the SRNT treatment networkNicotine and Tobacco Research.  16:378-379. 2014
    2014 Hallucinogen use predicts reduced recidivism among substance-involved offenders under community corrections supervision.Journal of Psychopharmacology.  28:62-66. 2014
    2014 Open label smoking cessation with varenicline is associated with decreased glutamate levels and functional changes in anterior cingulate cortex: preliminary findings.Frontiers in Pharmacology.  5:158. 2014
    2014 Sleep Strategies of Night-Shift Nurses on Days Off: Which Ones are Most Adaptive?Frontiers in Neurology.  5:277. 2014
    2013 Characterization of opioid overdose and response in a high-risk community corrections sample: a preliminary study.Journal of Opioid Management.  9:393-400. 2013
    2013 Factors associated with smoking among adolescent males prior to incarceration and after release from jail: a longitudinal study.Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy.  8:37. 2013
    2013 A pilot study of screening, brief intervention, and referral for treatment (SBIRT) in non-treatment seeking smokers with HIV.Addictive Behaviors.  38:2541-2546. 2013
    2013 Factors associated with rapid failure in a Treatment Alternatives for Safer Communities (TASC) program.Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment.  45:376-380. 2013
    2013 Predictors of adherence to behavioral counseling and medication among female prisoners enrolled in a smoking cessation trial.Journal of Correctional Health Care.  19:236-247. 2013
    2013 Cooperation and depressive symptoms.Journal of Affective Disorders.  150:1184-1187. 2013
    2013 Buprenorphine and medication management in a community corrections population: a pilot study.Journal of Addiction Medicine.  7:210-215. 2013
    2013 Gender and racial differences for suicide attempters and ideators in a high-risk community corrections population.Crisis - The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention.  34:50-62. 2013
    2013 HIV-risk characteristics in community corrections.Journal of Addiction Medicine.  7:45-51. 2013
    2013 The relationship between prior suicidal behavior and mortality among individuals in community corrections.Crisis - The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention.  34:428-433. 2013
    2012 The unmet medical needs of correctional populations in the United States.Journal of the National Medical Association.  104:487-492. 2012
    2012 Characteristics of victims of sexual abuse by gender and race in a community corrections population.Journal of Interpersonal Violence.  27:1844-1861. 2012
    2012 What does self-identified drug of choice tell us about individuals under community corrections supervision?Journal of Addiction Medicine.  6:57-67. 2012
    2011 Results of a pilot randomized controlled trial of buprenorphine for opioid dependent women in the criminal justice system.Drug and Alcohol Dependence.  119:172-178. 2011
    2011 Risk factors for cervical cancer in criminal justice settings.Journal of Women's Health.  20:1839-1845. 2011
    2011 Preconception markers of dual risk for alcohol and smoking exposed pregnancy: tools for primary prevention.Journal of Women's Health.  20:1627-1633. 2011
    2011 Factors predicting substance dependence and psychotropic medication use among offenders in community corrections.Addictive Behaviors.  36:755-758. 2011
    2011 Assessing the utility of consumer surveys for improving the quality of behavioral health care services.Journal of Behavioral Health Services and Research.  38:234-248. 2011
    2011 Impact of self-initiated pre-quit smoking reduction on cessation rates: results of a clinical trial of smoking cessation among female prisoners.Addictive Behaviors.  36:73-78. 2011
    2010 The contraceptive needs for STD protection among women in jail.Health Education and Behavior.  37:568-579. 2010
    2010 The impact of quitting smoking on weight among women prisoners participating in a smoking cessation intervention.American Journal of Public Health.  100:1442-1448. 2010
    2010 A tutorial on principal stratification-based sensitivity analysis: application to smoking cessation studies.Clinical Trials.  7:286-298. 2010
    2010 Factors related to injection drug use among female prisoners.The International journal of the addictions.  45:368-383. 2010
    2010 Long-term, reversible contraception use among high-risk women treated in a university-based gynecology clinic: comparison between IUD and depo-provera.Journal of Women's Health.  19:349-353. 2010
    2010 Smoking characteristics of community corrections clients.Nicotine and Tobacco Research.  12:53-58. 2010
    2009 Modulation of limbic circuitry predicts treatment response to antipsychotic medication: a functional imaging study in schizophrenia.Neuropsychopharmacology.  34:2675-2690. 2009
    2009 Smoking bans and restrictions in U.S. prisons and jails: consequences for incarcerated women.American Journal of Preventive Medicine.  37:S179-S180. 2009
    2009 The contraceptive needs of incarcerated women.Journal of Women's Health.  18:1221-1226. 2009
    2009 A test of motivational plus nicotine replacement interventions for HIV positive smokers.AIDS and Behavior.  13:545-554. 2009
    2009 Differential success rates in racial groups: results of a clinical trial of smoking cessation among female prisoners.Nicotine and Tobacco Research.  11:690-697. 2009
    2008 HCV in incarcerated populations: an analysis of gender and criminality on risk.Journal of Psychoactive Drugs.  40:493-501. 2008
    2008 Prescription Opioid Misuse Index: a brief questionnaire to assess misuse.Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment.  35:380-386. 2008
    2008 Smoking cessation intervention for female prisoners: addressing an urgent public health need.American Journal of Public Health.  98:1894-1901. 2008
    2008 Why do faculty leave? Reasons for attrition of women and minority faculty from a medical school: four-year results.Journal of Women's Health.  17:1111-1118. 2008
    2008 Predictors of involvement in the juvenile justice system among psychiatric hospitalized adolescents.Addictive Behaviors.  33:942-948. 2008
    2008 OxyContin use and misuse in three populations: substance abuse patients, pain patients, and criminal justice participants.Journal of Opioid Management.  4:73-79. 2008
    2008 An analysis of racial and sex differences for smoking among adolescents in a juvenile correctional center.Drug and Alcohol Dependence.  92:156-163. 2008
    2008 COD services in community correctional settings: an examination of organizational factors that affect service delivery.Behavioral Sciences and the Law.  26:435-455. 2008
    2007 Addiction epidemiology in adolescents receiving inpatient psychiatric treatment.Addictive Behaviors.  32:3107-3113. 2007
    2007 SCREENING, ASSESSMENT, AND REFERRAL PRACTICES IN ADULT CORRECTIONAL SETTINGS : A National Perspective.Criminal Justice and Behavior.  34:1216-1234. 2007
    2007 Intrauterine device use in a high-risk population: experience from an urban university clinic.American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology.  197:193.e1-193.e6. 2007
    2007 Posttraumatic stress disorder treatment in correctional settings: A brief review of the empirical literature and suggestions for future research.Psychotherapy.  44:46-53. 2007
    2007 Specialized Prisons and Services: Results From a National Survey.Prison Journal.  87:58-85. 2007
    2007 Women physicians and addiction.Journal of Addictive Diseases.  26:35-43. 2007
    2006 Expired carbon monoxide levels in self-reported smokers and nonsmokers in prison.Nicotine and Tobacco Research.  8:653-659. 2006
    2006 Publishing HIV/AIDS behavioural science reports: An author's guide.AIDS Care.  18:674-680. 2006
    2006 Relationship Between Smoking Status and Oral Health in a Prison PopulationJournal of Correctional Health Care.  12:240-248. 2006
    2005 HCV prevalence in methadone maintenance: self-report versus serum test.Health values.  29:387-394. 2005
    2005 The effects of a prison smoking ban on smoking behavior and withdrawal symptoms.Addictive Behaviors.  30:589-594. 2005
    2005 Pharmacotherapy treatment in substance-dependent correctional populations: a review.The International journal of the addictions.  40:1983-2048. 2005
    2004 Smoking stage of change is associated with retention in a smoke-free residential drug treatment program for women.Addictive Behaviors.  29:1265-1270. 2004
    2004 Smoking among female prisoners: an ignored public health epidemic.Addictive Behaviors.  29:425-431. 2004
    2003 Motivational factors related to quitting smoking among prisoners during a smoking ban.Addictive Behaviors.  28:1081-1093. 2003
    2000 Sensation seeking and drinking game participation in heavy-drinking college students.Addictive Behaviors.  25:109-116. 2000
    The Connection Between Thwarted Belongingness, Alcohol Consumption, Suicidal, and Homicidal Ideation in a Criminal Justice Sample.Journal of Addiction Medicine.  10:437-442.


    Year Title Altmetric
    2007 Women and the criminal justice system: Improving outcomes through criminal justice and non-criminal justice responses.  5-26. 2007

    Research Overview

  • Substance Abuse - Dr. Cropsey's interest centers on treating substance abuse in vulnerable populations such as individuals in the criminal justice system and persons living with HIV/AIDS. She has an ongoing program of research in smoking cessation interventions with individuals in the criminal justice system as well as studies investigating alcohol treatment for individuals living with HIV.
  • Investigator On

  • Investigating the Effects of Alcohol and Substance Use During Adolescence Using Multimodal Neuroimaging  awarded by National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism/NIH/DHHS 2018 - 2021
  • 3/4 Alcohol Research Consortium in HIV - Epidemiological Research Arm (ARCH-ERA)  awarded by UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON 2016 - 2021
  • Comprehensive Cancer Center Core Support Grant  awarded by National Cancer Institute/NIH/DHHS 2017 - 2021
  • Jefferson County Drug Court  awarded by JEFFERSON COUNTY COMMISSION 2017 - 2019
  • Cardiovascular, Pulmonary, & Hematological Disease in HIV: Prevention & Treatment  awarded by UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON 2014 - 2019
  • Jefferson County Drug Court  awarded by JEFFERSON COUNTY COMMISSION 2017 - 2018
  • [18F] FPEB Studies of the mGluR5 Receptor and Methamphetamine Abuse  awarded by National Institute on Drug Abuse/NIH/DHHS 2017 - 2018
  • Jefferson County Co-Occurring Offender Reentry Program  awarded by JEFFERSON COUNTY COMMISSION 2016 - 2018
  • Jefferson County Drug Court  awarded by JEFFERSON COUNTY COMMISSION 2016 - 2017
  • Jefferson County Drug Court  awarded by JEFFERSON COUNTY COMMISSION 2016 - 2017
  • Comprehensive Cancer Center Core Support Grant  awarded by National Cancer Institute/NIH/DHHS 2016 - 2017
  • Jefferson County Drug Court  awarded by JEFFERSON COUNTY COMMISSION 2015 - 2016
  • Jefferson County Family Drug Court Program  awarded by JEFFERSON COUNTY COMMISSION 2015 - 2016
  • Integration of Evidence-Based Alcohol Interventions into HIV Care  awarded by National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism/NIH/DHHS 2011 - 2016
  • Telemedicine to Improve Depression and Adherence in HIV+ Women in the Rural South  awarded by National Institute of Mental Health/NIH/DHHS 2012 - 2016
  • The Southern Consortium Node of the Clinical Trials Network  awarded by Medical University of South Carolina 2012 - 2015
  • Transitions Clinic Network: Linking High-Risk Medicaid Patients from Prison to Community Health Care  awarded by FOUNDATION FOR CALIFORNIA COMMUNITY COLLEGES 2013 - 2015
  • Withdrawal Exposure with Withdrawal Regulation Training for Smoking Cessation  awarded by National Institute on Drug Abuse/NIH/DHHS 2011 - 2015
  • UAB Center for AIDS Research  awarded by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2009 - 2014
  • UAB Center for AIDS Research - Development Core  awarded by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2009 - 2014
  • UAB Center for AIDS Research - Prevention Behavior Sciences  awarded by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2009 - 2014
  • Transitions Clinic Network: Linking High-Risk Medicaid Patients from Prison to Community Health Care  awarded by CITY COLLEGE OF SAN FRANCISCO 2012 - 2013
  • Education And Training

  • Doctor of Psychology in Clinical Psychology, Indiana State University
  • Full Name

  • Karen Cropsey
  • Blazerid

  • kcropsey