jrnl7648

Publication Venue For

  • Usefulness of right ventricular strain assessment in submassive pulmonary thromboembolism undergoing ultrasound-facilitated thrombolysis.  36:1581-1585. 2019
  • Incremental value of right parasternal transthoracic echocardiographic examination over the left parasternal approach in assessing ascending aorta size: Additional benefit of three-dimensional echocardiography.  36:1306-1314. 2019
  • Role of left ventricle deformation analysis in stress echocardiography for significant coronary artery disease detection: A diagnostic study meta-analysis.  36:1084-1094. 2019
  • Peripheral saline contrast with Valsalva and a modified Müller's maneuver may improve detection of atrial level right-to-left shunts: A preliminary observation.  36:651-653. 2019
  • Diagnostic accuracy of dobutamine stress echocardiography in the detection of cardiac allograft vasculopathy in heart transplant recipients: A systematic review and meta-analysis study.  36:528-536. 2019
  • Incremental value of three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography over the two-dimensional modality in the assessment of right heart compression and dysfunction produced by pectus excavatum.  36:150-163. 2019
  • The role of transesophageal echocardiography in the management of renal cell carcinoma with venous tumor thrombus.  35:2047-2055. 2018
  • Ultrasound assessment of carotid arteries: Current concepts, methodologies, diagnostic criteria, and technological advancements.  35:2079-2091. 2018
  • Three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography is an attractive alternative to cardiac multi-detector computed tomography for aortic annular sizing: Systematic review and meta-analysis.  35:1626-1634. 2018
  • Assessment of tricuspid valve by two- and three-dimensional echocardiography with special reference to percutaneous repair and prosthetic valve implantation procedures.  35:1419-1438. 2018
  • Three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic identification of individual cusps of the pulmonary valve: Potential misidentification by the two-dimensional technique.  35:855-859. 2018
  • Incremental benefit of three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography in the assessment of left atrial appendage aneurysm leading to severe extrinsic compression of a coronary artery.  35:685-691. 2018
  • Usefulness of two- and three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography in combined mitral valve-in-valve implantation and paraprosthetic leak closure.  35:501-505. 2018
  • Contrast ‑ in cardiac magnetic resonance imaging.  35:401-409. 2018
  • Usefulness of live/real time three/four-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography in the percutaneous closure of an iatrogenic aorto-right ventricular fistula.  35:410-412. 2018
  • A brief history of fetal echocardiography and its impact on the management of congenital heart disease.  34:1760-1767. 2017
  • Prominent pulmonary venous flow mimicking mitral regurgitation.  34:1917-1918. 2017
  • Two- and three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic assessment of superior vena cava, crista terminalis, and right atrial appendage using the right parasternal approach.  34:1919-1929. 2017
  • Incremental value of live/real time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography in the assessment of ventricular septal rupture following acute myocardial infarction.  34:1680-1686. 2017
  • Prosthetic mitral inflow mimicking severe aortic regurgitation (revisited). An echocardiographic challenge.  34:1500-1502. 2017
  • Incremental benefit of three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography in the assessment of a primary pericardial hemangioma.  34:1210-1215. 2017
  • Does three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography provide incremental value in percutaneous closure of ascending aortic pseudoaneurysm?.  34:1057-1061. 2017
  • Reply.  34:1113. 2017
  • Usefulness of three-dimensional echocardiography in the assessment of valvular involvement in Loeffler endocarditis.  34:1050-1056. 2017
  • Incremental benefit of three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography in the assessment of left main coronary artery stent protrusion.  34:915-918. 2017
  • Noncompaction cardiomyopathy: The role of advanced multimodality imaging techniques in diagnosis and assessment.  34:279-289. 2017
  • Usefulness of two- and three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography in the assessment of proximal left coronary system compression by a paraprosthetic aortic valve abscess.  34:264-266. 2017
  • Echocardiographic correlates of severe pulmonary hypertension in adult patients with ostium secundum atrial septal defect.  33:1891-1896. 2016
  • Incremental value of live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography over the two-dimensional technique in assessing carcinoid heart disease involving the aortic valve.  33:1741-1744. 2016
  • Aortic aneurysm mimicking a right atrial mass.  33:1579-1580. 2016
  • Simulation-based training in echocardiography.  33:1581-1588. 2016
  • Incremental value of live/real time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography over the two-dimensional technique in the assessment of a tuberculoma involving the left atrium and appendage.  33:1409-1412. 2016
  • Usefulness of bubble study in echocardiographic diagnosis of contained rupture of hydatid cyst in the right ventricular outflow tract.  33:1402-1408. 2016
  • Incremental value of live/real time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography over the two-dimensional technique in the assessment of aortic atherosclerotic thrombi and ulcers.  33:1234-1238. 2016
  • Archeological Echocardiography: Digitization and Speckle Tracking Analysis of Archival Echocardiograms in the HyperGEN Study.  33:386-397. 2016
  • Comparison of Hyperemic Impedance Echocardiography with Dobutamine Stress Echocardiography to Detect Inducible Myocardial Ischemia: A Pilot Study.  33:416-420. 2016
  • Incremental Value of Live/Real Time Three-Dimensional over Two-Dimensional Transesophageal Echocardiography in the Assessment of Atrial Septal Pouch.  32:1858-1867. 2015
  • Quality Control and Reproducibility in M-Mode, Two-Dimensional, and Speckle Tracking Echocardiography Acquisition and Analysis: The CARDIA Study, Year 25 Examination Experience.  32:1233-1240. 2015
  • Two- and three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic assessment of tricuspid valve prolapse with mid-to-late systolic tricuspid regurgitation.  32:1022-1025. 2015
  • Right ventricular changes after left-sided lesions: Underlying cardiac mechanics.  32:727-730. 2015
  • Incremental value of live/real time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography over the two-dimensional modality in the assessment of cardiac lymphoma.  32:671-676. 2015
  • Incremental value of live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography over two-dimensional echocardiography in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with mid-ventricular obstruction and apical aneurysm.  32:565-569. 2015
  • Echocardiographic assessment of Ebstein's anomaly.  32:69-80. 2015
  • Imaging the right heart: A challenging road map.  32:1-2. 2015
  • Incremental Value of Live/Real Time Three-Dimensional Transesophageal Echocardiography over the Two-Dimensional Technique in the Assessment of Primary Cardiac Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma.  32:1164-1170. 2015
  • Incremental value of three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography over the two-dimensional technique in the assessment of a thrombus in transit through a patent foramen ovale.  32:848-854. 2015
  • Left Ventricular Apex Involvement in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy.  32:1575-1580. 2015
  • Two- and live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic assessment of infective endocarditis of a valved pulmonary conduit.  32:361-364. 2015
  • Usefulness of three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography in retrieval of a dislodged vascular plug used to close paraprosthetic mitral regurgitation.  32:144-149. 2015
  • The advantages of live/real time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography in the assessment of tricuspid valve infective endocarditis.  31:1293-1309. 2014
  • Coexisting bicuspid aortic and pulmonary valves with normally related great vessels diagnosed by live/real time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography.  31:218-221. 2014
  • Early effect of essential hypertension on the left ventricular twist-displacement loop by two-dimensional ultrasound speckle tracking imaging.  31:631-637. 2014
  • Incremental value of three-dimensional echocardiography over the two-dimensional technique in the assessment of combined sinus of valsalva rupture into the right ventricle and adjacent perimembranous ventricular septal defect.  31:779-782. 2014
  • Incremental value of three-dimensional over two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography in the assessment of cor triatriatum sinister in a child.  31:669-673. 2014
  • Incremental value of three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography over the two-dimensional technique in percutaneous closure of aortic paraprosthetic regurgitation.  31:1154-1158. 2014
  • Intrapulmonary shunts and its implications for assessment in stroke and divers with type ii decompression illness.  31:3-4. 2014
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction and volumes: It depends on the imaging method.  31:87-100. 2014
  • Live/real time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiographic assessment of the spinal cord.  31:895-898. 2014
  • The air gap sign.  31:400-401. 2014
  • Transthoracic echocardiographic assessment of spindle cell sarcoma of the pulmonary artery in a child.  31:385-387. 2014
  • Transthoracic echocardiographic detection of pulmonary valve involvement in löeffler's endocarditis.  31:83-86. 2014
  • Utility of live/real time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography in the assessment and percutaneous intervention of bioprosthetic pulmonary valve stenosis.  31:531-533. 2014
  • Live/real time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiographic assessment of ventricular septal volume and mass before and after myectomy in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.  30:1227-1231. 2013
  • Two- and three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography in the assessment of acquired ascending aortic aneurysm to pulmonary artery fistula.  30:1107-1110. 2013
  • Incremental value of three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography over two-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography in the assessment of lambl's excrescences and nodules of arantius on the aortic valve.  30:967-975. 2013
  • Transesophageal echocardiographic diagnosis of bronchopulmonary vein fistula complicating mitral valve replacement.  30:850-852. 2013
  • Cardiac device-related invasive aspergilloma assessed by live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography.  30:719-722. 2013
  • Comprehensive and rapid assessment of carotid plaques in acute stroke using a new single sweep method for three-dimensional carotid ultrasound.  30:414-418. 2013
  • The incremental value of three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography in adult congenital heart disease.  30:483-494. 2013
  • Live/real time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography in percutaneous closure of atrial septal defects.  30:345-353. 2013
  • Two- and three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography in the assessment of aortic arch vasum vasi to pulmonary artery fistula.  30:219-224. 2013
  • Two- and three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography: Clinical applications and future directions.  30:88-105. 2013
  • Role of live/real time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography in the percutaneous epicardial closure of the left atrial appendage.  29:1256-1260. 2012
  • Atrial septal occluder device embolization to an iliac artery: A case highlighting the utility of three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography during percutaneous closure.  29:1128-1131. 2012
  • Does the routine echocardiographic exam have a role in the detection and evaluation of cholelithiasis and gallbladder wall thickening?.  29:991-996. 2012
  • Incremental value of live/real time three-dimensional echocardiography in the diagnosis and evaluation of pericardial cyst.  29:858-860. 2012
  • Erratum: Live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic assessment of the involvement of cardiac valves and chambers in carcinoid disease (Echocardiography).  29:751-756. 2012
  • Incremental role of three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography in the assessment of mitral-aortic intervalvular fibrosa abscess.  29:742-744. 2012
  • Incremental value of live/real time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography over the two-dimensional technique in the assessment of aortic aneurysm and dissection.  29:620-630. 2012
  • Delineation of the etiology of a mass-like echo density in the left ventricle using three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography.  29:502-504. 2012
  • Live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic assessment of the involvement of cardiac valves and chambers in carcinoid disease.  29. 2012
  • Real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography in congenital heart disease.  29:220-231. 2012
  • Aortic stiffness assessed by global pulse wave velocity in postmenopausal women: An ultrasonographic study.  29:1233-1238. 2012
  • Is it time to move on from two-dimensional transesophageal to hree-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography for assessment of left atrial appendage? Review of existing literature.  29:112-116. 2012
  • Live/real time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography.  29:103-111. 2012
  • Real time three-dimensional echocardiography for the evaluation of cardiomyopathy.  29:76-87. 2012
  • Role of live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic Echocardiography in pericardial disease.  29:98-102. 2012
  • Mitral valve regurgitation in patients supported on continuous flow pumps.  28. 2011
  • The ability of live three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography to evaluate the attachment site of intracardiac tumors.  28:1041-1045. 2011
  • Incremental value of live/real time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography over the two-dimensional technique in the assessment of sinus of Valsalva aneurysm rupture.  28:918-920. 2011
  • Incremental value of live/real time three-dimensional over two-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography in the evaluation of right coronary artery fistula.  28:805-808. 2011
  • Ventricular torsion and untwisting: Further insights into mechanics and timing interdependence: A viewpoint.  28:782-804. 2011
  • Transesophageal echocardiographic finding of left atrial appendage lobe mimicking a mass lesion.  28:684-685. 2011
  • Transesophageal echocardiographic detection of thrombus superimposed on metastatic left atrial tumor.  28:591-592. 2011
  • Incremental role of three-dimensional over two-dimensional ultrasound in the assessment of traumatic peripheral arteriovenous fistula.  28:480-481. 2011
  • Unusual mechanism of tricuspid regurgitation in ventricular septal defect.  28. 2011
  • Echocardiographic evaluation of calcific aortic stenosis in the older adult.  28:117-129. 2011
  • Live/real time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiographic findings in caseous mitral annular calcification.  27:1147-1150. 2010
  • Three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography in identification of aorto-right atrial fistula and aorto-right ventricular fistulas.  27. 2010
  • Echocardiographic study of a Mestizo-Mexican population with marfan syndrome.  27:923-930. 2010
  • Incremental value of three-dimensional over two-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography in the assessment of acute dysfunction of mechanical mitral valve prosthesis.  27:885-887. 2010
  • Usefulness of live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography in the assessment of descending thoracic aorta graft dehiscence.  27:722-723. 2010
  • Live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic assessment of inferior vena cava and hepatic vein thrombosis in sickle cell disease.  27:594-596. 2010
  • Editorial: Guidelines for the evaluation of prosthetic valves with echocardiography and doppler ultrasound: Value and limitations.  27:91-93. 2010
  • Live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic findings in an adult with complete atrioventricular septal defect.  27:87-90. 2010
  • Live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography in the evaluation of post traumatic acquired thoracic aortic coarctation.  27:470-472. 2010
  • Live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic assessment of pericardial disease.  26:1250-1263. 2009
  • The value of live/real time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography in the assessment of valvular vegetations.  26:1264-1273. 2009
  • Usefulness of live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography in evaluation of prosthetic valve function: Research from the university of alabama at birmingham.  26:1236-1249. 2009
  • Live/Real Time Three-Dimensional Transthoracic Echocardiographic Assessment of Transposition of the Great Arteries in the Adult.  26:1095-1104. 2009
  • Live/real time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiographic evaluation of mitral and aortic valve prosthetic paravalvular regurgitation.  26:980-987. 2009
  • Two-dimensional echocardiographic findings of pulmonary valve cyst secondary to pulmonary valvuloplasty.  26:865-867. 2009
  • Embolization of atrial septal occluder device into the pulmonary artery: A rare complication and usefulness of live/Real time three-Dimensional transthoracic echocardiography.  26:739-741. 2009
  • Incremental value of live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography in the assessment of right ventricular masses.  26:598-609. 2009
  • Live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic assessment of bicuspid aortic valve morphology.  26:478-480. 2009
  • Alcohol septal ablation in a young patient after aortic valve replacement: Research from the University of Alabama at Birmingham.  26:291-294. 2009
  • Usefulness of live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography in diagnosing acquired left ventricular-right atrial communication misdiagnosed as severe pulmonary hypertension by two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography.  26:224-227. 2009
  • Assessment of systolic and diastolic left ventricular and left atrial function using vector velocity imaging in Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (Echocardiography (2008) 25 (1138-1144)).  26. 2009
  • Live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic assessment of aortic dissection rupture into right ventricular outflow tract: A case report and review of the literature.  26:100-106. 2009
  • Renal artery fibromuscular dysplasia is a cause of refractory hypertension in the elderly.  26:109-110. 2009
  • Assessment of systolic and diastolic left ventricular and left atrial function using vector velocity imaging in Takotsubo cardiomyopathy.  25:1138-1144. 2008
  • Comparison of real time two-dimensional with live/real time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography in the evaluation of mitral valve prolapse and chordae rupture.  25:1131-1137. 2008
  • Left ventricular mechanical dyssynchrony as assessed by phase analysis of ECG-gated SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging.  25:1186-1194. 2008
  • Effect of alcohol-induced septal ablation on left atrial volume and ejection fraction assessed by real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocaridography in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (Echocardiography (2008) 25, (784-789) DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-8175.2008.00735.x).  25. 2008
  • Erroneous diagnosis of significant obstruction by Doppler in a patient with discrete subaortic membrane: Correct diagnosis by 3D-transthoracic echocardiography.  25:1004-1006. 2008
  • Subaortic stenosis missed by invasive hemodynamic assessment.  25:1007-1010. 2008
  • Comparative assessment of left atrial appendage by transesophageal and combined two- and three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography.  25:918-924. 2008
  • Live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic assessment of pulmonary regurgitation.  25:911-917. 2008
  • Continuing medical education program in Echocardiography.  25:802. 2008
  • Particulate matter within the inferior vena cava.  25:803-804. 2008
  • Two- and three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic assessment of hiatal hernia.  25:790-793. 2008
  • Left ventricular collapse secondary to pericardial effusion treated with pericardicentesis and percutaneous pericardiotomy in severe pulmonary hypertension.  25:658-661. 2008
  • Traumatic tricuspid papillary muscle and chordae rupture: Emerging role of three-dimensional echocardiography.  25:653-657. 2008
  • Amorphous calcific tumor of the mitral annulus echocardiographically mimicking a vegetation.  25:537-539. 2008
  • Live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic description of chordoma metastatic to the heart.  25:440-442. 2008
  • Two- and three-dimensional transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiographic findings in epithelioid hemangioma involving the mitral valve.  25:443-445. 2008
  • Live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic findings in primary left atrial leiomyosarcoma.  25:337-339. 2008
  • Patent foramen ovale in a large population of ischemic stroke patients: Diagnosis, age distribution, gender, and race.  25:217-227. 2008
  • Effect of alcohol-induced septal ablation on left atrial volume and ejection fraction assessed by real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.  25:784-789. 2008
  • Is echo-determined left ventricular geometry associated with ventricular filling and midwall shortening in hypertensive ventricular hypertrophy?.  25:20-26. 2008
  • Live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic assessment of aortopulmonary window.  25:96-99. 2008
  • Initial experience with live/real time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography.  24:1099-1104. 2007
  • Real time/three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic visualization of the valve of foramen ovale.  24:1105-1107. 2007
  • Right ventricular function assessment: Comparison of geometric and visual method to short-axis slice summation method.  24:1013-1019. 2007
  • Live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic visualization of chiari network.  24:995-997. 2007
  • Cardiac herniation and volvulus with acquired dextrocardia: Echocardiographic diagnosis.  24:870-874. 2007
  • Superior vena cava, right pulmonary artery or both: Real time two- and three-dimensional transthoracic contrast echocardiographic identification of the echo-free space posterior to the ascending aorta.  24:875-882. 2007
  • Comparison of two- and three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography in the assessment of trabeculations and trabecular mass in left ventricular noncompaction.  24:760-767. 2007
  • Live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic identification of quadricuspid aortic valve.  24:653-655. 2007
  • Live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic assessment of tricuspid valve pathology: Incremental value over the two-dimensional technique.  24:541-552. 2007
  • Echocardiographic diagnosis of anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery.  24:405-411. 2007
  • Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiographic diagnosis of a stuck bioprosthetic mitral valve leaflet.  24:436-438. 2007
  • Identification of tricuspid valve vegetation by computed tomography scan.  24:272-273. 2007
  • Live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic assessment of left ventricular volumes, ejection fraction, and mass compared with magnetic resonance imaging.  24:166-173. 2007
  • Assessment of surgically unroofed coronary sinus by live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography.  24:74-76. 2007
  • Transthoracic echocardiography guided procedures in the catheterization laboratory..  24:1000-1007. 2007
  • Papillary fibroelastoma of the pulmonary valve: Assessment by live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography.  23:880-883. 2006
  • Tissue Doppler assessment of longitudinal right and left ventricular strain and strain rate in pulmonary artery hypertension.  23:872-879. 2006
  • Cor triatriatum sinister: Assessment by live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography.  23:801-802. 2006
  • Quantification of tricuspid regurgitation by live three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic measurements of vena contracta area.  23:793-800. 2006
  • Live/real time three-dimensional echocardiographic demonstration of left ventricular noncompaction and thrombi.  23:704-706. 2006
  • Real time three-dimensional echocardiography in assessing ventricular septal defects: An echocardiographic-surgical correlative study.  23:562-568. 2006
  • Usefulness of live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography in the assessment of atrioventricular septal defects.  23:598-608. 2006
  • Usefulness of live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography in the identification of individual segment/scallop prolapse of the mitral valve.  23:513-518. 2006
  • Usefulness of live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography in the characterization of ventricular septal defects in adults.  23:421-427. 2006
  • Live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic assessment of mycotic pseudoaneurysm involving the descending thoracic aorta.  23:340-343. 2006
  • Two-dimensional transthoracic contrast echocardiographic assessment of metastatic left ventricular tumors.  23:248-250. 2006
  • Definitive diagnosis of descending thoracic aortic dissection by real time/live three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography.  23:158-161. 2006
  • An echocardiographic left ventricular wall area index for functional detection of myocardial injury in hemodynamically unloaded hearts.  23:7-13. 2006
  • Erratum: Assessment of aortic regurgitation by live three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic measurements of vena contracta area: Usefulness and validation (Echocardiography (2005) 22 (775-781)).  23. 2006
  • Incremental value of live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography in the assessment of left ventricular thrombi.  23:68-72. 2006
  • Effect of cardiac resynchronization therapy on longitudinal and circumferential left ventricular mechanics by velocity vector imaging: Description and initial clinical application of a novel method using high-frame rate B-mode echocardiographic images.  22:826-830. 2005
  • Live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic assessment of Ebstein's anomaly.  22:847-854. 2005
  • Assessment of aortic regurgitation by live three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic measurements of vena contracta area: Usefulness and validation.  22:775-781. 2005
  • Can transthoracic echocardiography with subcostal view predict abdominal aortic atherosclerosis?.  22:736-742. 2005
  • Transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiographic assessment of mitral regurgitation severity: Usefulness of qualitative and semiquantitative techniques.  22:748-769. 2005
  • Live three-dimensional transthoracic contrast echocardiographic assessment of apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.  22:686-689. 2005
  • Live three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic assessment of ventricular noncompaction.  22:611-620. 2005
  • Transesophageal two-dimensional echocardiographic identification of hiatal hernia.  22:533-535. 2005
  • Live three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic assessment of thrombus in the innominate veins and superior vena cava utilizing right parasternal and supraclavicular approaches.  22:445-449. 2005
  • Live three-dimensional right parasternal and supraclavicular transthoracic echocardiographic examination.  22:349-360. 2005
  • Live three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic demonstration of septal perforator coronary artery-left ventricle fistulas following myectomy.  22:273-275. 2005
  • Assessment of myocardial viability by cardiovascular magnetic resonance.  22:179-193. 2005
  • Live three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic assessment of left atrial tumors.  22:137-143. 2005
  • Myocardial viability: Nuclear assessment.  22:155-164. 2005
  • Assessing myocardial viability in ischemic cardiomyopathy.  22:57. 2005
  • Live three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography: Case study world atlas.  22:95-98. 2005
  • Transesophageal echocardiographic diagnosis of aortic arch-left innominate vein fistula.  22:43-45. 2005
  • Examination protocol for three-dimensional echocardiography.  21:763-768. 2004
  • Live three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic assessment of left ventricular hydatid cyst.  21:699-705. 2004
  • Live three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic assessment of transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect and patent foramen ovale.  21:749-753. 2004
  • Live three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic delineation of ventricular septal rupture following myocardial infarction.  21:745-747. 2004
  • Quantification of mitral regurgitation by live three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic measurements of vena contracta area.  21:737-743. 2004
  • Usefulness of live three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography in the characterization of atrial septal defects in adults.  21:707-713. 2004
  • Live three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic assessment of isolated cleft mitral valve.  21:657-661. 2004
  • Morphological assessment of left ventricular thrombus by live three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography.  21:649-655. 2004
  • Live three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic assessment of anomalous origin of left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery.  21:559-562. 2004
  • Retinal embolization of bicuspid aortic valve calcification.  21:541-544. 2004
  • Live three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic delineation of patent ductus arteriosus.  21:443-448. 2004
  • Transesophageal and transpharyngeal ultrasound demonstration of reversed diastolic flow in aortic arch branches and neck vessels in severe aortic regurgitation.  21:349-353. 2004
  • Definitive diagnosis of cor triatriatum with common atrium by three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography in an adult.  21:303-306. 2004
  • Transesophageal echocardiographic demonstration of atrial septal aneurysm prolapsing into right ventricular inflow.  21:291-293. 2004
  • Transpharyngeal ultrasound detection of carotid body paraganglioma.  21:299-301. 2004
  • Multiple Fistulae Connecting the Right Coronary Artery to the Coronary Sinus.  21:199-202. 2004
  • Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection with Pseudoaneurysm Formation Diagnosed by Intravascular Ultrasound: A Case Report.  21:153-157. 2004
  • Transesophageal Echocardiographic Demonstration of Biatrial Myxoma.  21:187-188. 2004
  • Echo Rounds Section to Begin January 2004.  21:89. 2004
  • Infected cardiac myxoma..  21:65-67. 2004
  • Mitral Prosthetic Inflow Mimicking Severe Aortic Regurgitation.  21:99-102. 2004
  • Three-Dimensional Transesophageal Echocardiographic Delineation of Ventricular Septal Aneurysm Producing Right Ventricular Outflow Obstruction in an Adult.  21:95-97. 2004
  • Live Three-Dimensional Echocardiographic Assessment of Mitral Stenosis.  20:743-750. 2003
  • Live Three-Dimensional Echocardiography of the Human Fetus.  20:715-721. 2003
  • Live Three-Dimensional Transthoracic Echocardiographic Assessment of Coronary Arteries.  20:751-754. 2003
  • Erratum: Three-Dimensional Transesophageal Echocardiographic Demonstration of Intraatrial Baffle Obstruction (Echocardiography (July 2003) 20:5 (449-452)).  20:683-686. 2003
  • Live Three-Dimensional Echocardiography: Imaging Principles and Clinical Application.  20:593-604. 2003
  • Live Three-Dimensional Transthoracic Echocardiographic Identification of Discrete Subaortic Membranous Stenosis.  20:617-619. 2003
  • Three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiographic demonstration of intraatrial baffle obstruction..  20:683-686. 2003
  • Transesophageal Echocardiographic Identification of Normal and Stenosed Posterior Intercostal Arteries.  20:609-615. 2003
  • Live three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic assessment of aortic dissection.  20:573-577. 2003
  • Overview.  20. 2003
  • Three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiographic demonstration of innominate artery dissection.  20:569-571. 2003
  • Normal lymph nodes mimicking a mediastinal mass during transesophageal echocardiography.  20:443-447. 2003
  • Three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiographic demonstration of intraatrial baffle obstruction.  20:449-452. 2003
  • Contrast transesophageal echocardiographic detection of a pulmonary arteriovenous malformation draining into left lower pulmonary vein.  20:391-394. 2003
  • Transesophageal echocardiographic identification of bilateral vertebral artery ostial stenosis.  20:395-398. 2003
  • Platypnea-orthodeoxia in a patient with ostium primum atrial septal defect with normal right heart pressures.  20:299-303. 2003
  • Transesophageal three-dimensional echocardiographic demonstration of Ebstein's anomaly.  20:305-306. 2003
  • Imagent improves endocardial border delineation, inter-reader agreement, and the accuracy of segmental wall motion assessment.  20:151-161. 2003
  • Transthoracic echocardiographic demonstration of septal perforator coronary arteries-left ventricle fistula.  20:197-198. 2003
  • Usefulness of transesophageal three-dimensional echocardiography in the identification of individual segment/scallop prolapse of the mitral valve.  20:203-209. 2003
  • Three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiographic demonstration of anatomical defects in AV septal defect patients presenting for reoperation.  20:105-109. 2003
  • Transesophageal color Doppler three-dimensional echocardiographic assessment of left circumflex coronary artery fistula..  19:573-575. 2002
  • Multicenter evaluation of SonoVue for improved endocardial border delineation.  19:27-36. 2002
  • Prosthetic aortic valve abscess producing total right coronary artery occlusion: Diagnosis by transesophageal three-dimensional echocardiography.  19:395-398. 2002
  • Three-dimensional color Doppler transpharyngeal echocardiographic reconstruction of the left common, internal, and external carotid arteries.  19:223-225. 2002
  • Transesophageal color Doppler three-dimensional echocardiographic assessment of left circumflex coronary artery fistula.  19:573-575. 2002
  • Transesophageal echocardiographic detection of left vertebral artery origin stenosis.  19:695-697. 2002
  • Transesophageal echocardiographic identification of right vertebral artery.  19:527-530. 2002
  • Transesophageal echocardiographic identification of thrombus producing obstruction of left pulmonary artery descending lobar branches and bronchial artery dilatation.  19:83-88. 2002
  • Transesophageal three-dimensional echocardiographic assessment of left ventricular pseudoaneurysm.  19:169-172. 2002
  • Transesophageal two- and three-dimensional echocardiographic diagnosis of combined left ventricular pseudoaneurysm and ventricular septal rupture.  19:345-349. 2002
  • Transesophageal color Doppler three-dimensional echocardiographic detection of prosthetic aortic valve dehiscence: Correlation with surgical findings.  18:393-397. 2001
  • Transesophageal echocardiographic assessment of coronary stenosis: A decade of experience.  18:49-57. 2001
  • Transesophageal echocardiographic diagnosis of traumatic rupture of the noncoronary cusp of the aortic valve.  18:189-190. 2001
  • Transesophageal echocardiographic findings of an intracavitary cardiac metastasis from a neuroendocrine thymic carcinoma.  18:25-28. 2001
  • Transesophageal three-dimensional color Doppler echocardiographic reconstruction of the left vertebral artery.  18:623-625. 2001
  • Transesophageal three-dimensional echocardiographic assessment of left main coronary artery fistula.  18:305-308. 2001
  • Transpharyngeal echocardiographic imaging of the right and left carotid arteries.  18:711-716. 2001
  • Two- and three-dimensional TEE differentiation of lymphoma involving the atrial septum from lipomatous hypertrophy.  18:205-209. 2001
  • Two- and three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiographic localization of a right atrial lipoma: Importance of orienting echocardiographic images to the surgeon's view.  18:539-542. 2001
  • Transesophageal three-dimensional color Doppler echocardiographic assessment of valvular and paravalvular mitral prosthetic regurgitation..  17:579-583. 2000
  • Are microbubbles free flowing tracers through the myocardium? Comparison of indicator-dilution curves obtained from dye dilution and echo contrast using harmonic power Doppler imaging.  17:17-27. 2000
  • Lambl's excrescences and stroke.  17:101-113. 2000
  • Assessment of myocardial perfusion by power contrast imaging using a new echo contrast agent.  17:457-461. 2000
  • Echocardiographic diagnosis of a stenotic double orifice parachute mitral valve with a single papillary muscle.  17:349-352. 2000
  • Fibrotic aortic stenosis in a patient with dwarfism.  17:701-704. 2000
  • Stress echocardiography and stress nuclear testing, Part II.  17:585. 2000
  • Transesophageal echocardiographic identification of a descending aortic aneurysm rupture into the left lung.  17:269-271. 2000
  • Transesophageal echocardiographic identification of left subclavian artery stenosis with steal phenomenon.  17:197-200. 2000
  • Transesophageal three-dimensional color Doppler echocardiographic assessment of valvular and paravalvular mitral prosthetic.  17:579-583. 2000
  • Transesophageal three-dimensional echocardiographic assessment of anomalous coronary arteries.  17:53-60. 2000
  • Transpharyngeal echocardiographic detection of a left internal carotid artery stent.  17:739-741. 2000
  • Real-time contrast echo assessment of myocardial perfusion at low emission power: First experimental and clinical results using power pulse inversion imaging.  16:799-810. 1999
  • Transesophageal three-dimensional echo assessment of sinus venosus atrial septal defect.  16:835-839. 1999
  • Transpharyngeal echocardiographic diagnosis of carotid bulb and left internal carotid artery stenosis.  16:671-674. 1999
  • Overview..  16:731-732. 1999
  • Transpharyngeal Echocardiographic Diagnosis of Carotid Bulb and Left Internal Carotid Artery Stenosis..  16:671-674. 1999
  • Lambl's excrescences (valvular strands).  16:399-414. 1999
  • Lambl's excrescences involving the pulmonary valve detected by transesophageal echocardiography.  16:35-39. 1999
  • Three-dimensional echocardiographic assessment of Lambl's excrescences on the aortic valve.  16:437-441. 1999
  • Transesophageal echocardiographic diagnosis of coronary stenosis in a stroke patient.  16:589-592. 1999
  • Transesophageal echocardiographic diagnosis of proximal coronary artery stenosis in patients with ischemic stroke.  16:159-166. 1999
  • Transesophageal echocardiographic examination of left subclavian artery branches.  16:271-277. 1999
  • Examination of Left External and Internal Carotid Arteries During Transesophageal Echocardiography..  15:755-758. 1998
  • Examination of left external and internal carotid arteries during transesophageal echocardiography.  15:755-758. 1998
  • Three-Dimensional Echocardiographic Assessment of Aortic Dissection..  15:745-754. 1998
  • Three-dimensional echocardiographic assessment of aortic dissection.  15:745-754. 1998
  • Three-dimensional echocardiography of right heart pathology.  15:795-806. 1998
  • Traumatic Rupture of Atherosclerotic Plaque Producing Aortic Isthmus Dissection..  15:695-702. 1998
  • Analysis of the proximal orifice flowfield under pulsatile flow conditions and confining wall geometry: Implications in valvular regurgitation.  15:219-232. 1998
  • Combined interatrial and intrapulmonary shunting in orthodeoxia detected by transesophageal echocardiography.  15:101-104. 1998
  • Improvement in endocardial border delineation using tissue harmonic imaging.  15:511-517. 1998
  • Local anesthetic-induced methemoglobinemia during transesophageal echocardiography.  15:165-167. 1998
  • Stress echocardiography: A review of the principles and practice.  15:669-690. 1998
  • Three-dimensional echocardiographic reconstruction of atrial membranes.  15:605-610. 1998
  • Transesophageal echocardiographic diagnosis of right-sided aortic arch.  15:409-417. 1998
  • Transesophageal echocardiographic identification of neck veins: Value of contrast echocardiography.  15:259-267. 1998
  • Transesophageal three-dimensional echocardiography in papillary muscle rupture.  15:603-604. 1998
  • Traumatic rupture of atherosclerotic plaque producing aortic isthmus dissection.  15:695-701. 1998
  • Usefulness of transesophageal echocardiography in diagnosing valve leakage of left ventricular assist device.  15:703-707. 1998
  • Erratum: Visualization of intramyocardial coronary vessels by color Doppler (Echocardiography (September 1997)).  14. 1997
  • Harmonic Power Doppler Contrast Echocardiography: Preliminary Experimental Results..  14:631-636. 1997
  • Harmonic power Doppler contrast echocardiography: Preliminary clinical results.  14:637-642. 1997
  • Harmonic power Doppler contrast echocardiography: Preliminary experimental results.  14:631-635. 1997
  • Dynamic three-dimensional reconstruction of abnormal intracardiac blood flow.  14:375-381. 1997
  • Echocardiographic detection of intramyocardial coronary obstruction produced by pericardial hydatid cyst.  14:459-460. 1997
  • Identification of the aortic arch branches using transesophageal echocardiography.  14:461-466. 1997
  • Mirror image from a left atrial line mimicking a catheter in the left ventricle during transesophageal echocardiography.  14:165-167. 1997
  • Stimulated acoustic emission: Nonbackscatter contrast effect of microbubbles seen with harmonic power Doppler imaging.  14:65-69. 1997
  • Transesophageal echocardiographic diagnosis of left atrial wall dehiscene.  14:299-302. 1997
  • Transesophageal echocardiographic imaging of the left atrium behind the ascending aorta mimicking aortic dissection: Validation by contrast echocardiography.  14:411. 1997
  • Transesophageal three-dimensional echocardiographic assessment of normal and stenosed coronary arteries.  13:503-510. 1996
  • Color Doppler visualization of intramyocardial coronary arteries using a new echo system: Effect of contrast enhancement and vasodilation.  13:645-650. 1996
  • Flail aortic valve in systemic lupus erythematosus: Diagnosis by transesophageal echocardiography.  13:431-434. 1996
  • Transesophageal color Doppler echocardiographic diagnosis of cardiac rupture following acute myocardial infarction.  13:309-312. 1996
  • Transesophageal echocardiographic findings in sclerosing mediastinitis.  13:103-108. 1996
  • Usefulness of transesophageal echocardiography in diagnosing and guiding correct placement of a right ventricular assist device malpositioned in the left atrium.  13:159-163. 1996
  • Correlation of Echocardiographic Fractional Area Change with Radionuclide Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction.  12:221-227. 1995
  • Correlation of Echocardiographic Normalized Peak Rate of Left Ventricular Area Expansion With Radionuclide Peak Filling Rate.  12:23-27. 1995
  • Endomyocardial Fibrosis with Unusual Patterns of Endocarditis and Pericarditis: Echocardiographic‐Histopathological Correlation.  12:113-119. 1995
  • Incremental Value of Three‐Dimensional Echocardiography Over Transesophageal Multiplane Two‐Dimensional Echocardiography in Qualitative and Quantitative Assessment of Cardiac Masses and Defects.  12:619-628. 1995
  • Left Ventricular Lipoma by Transesophageal and in Vitro Echocardiographic Studies.  12:283-288. 1995
  • Multiplane Transesophageal Echocardiographic Detection of Sinus Venosus Atrial Septal Defect.  12:139-143. 1995
  • Three Dimensional Reconstruction of Transesophageal Echocardiographic Longitudinal Images.  12:367-375. 1995
  • Transesophageal Echocardiographic Detection of Sinus of Valsalva Dissection.  12:99-102. 1995
  • Transesophageal Echocardiographic Diagnosis of Aortic Graft Dehiscense at Coronary Anastomoses and Pseudonaneurysm Rupture into Right Atrium.  12:495-499. 1995
  • Transesophageal Echocardiographic Findings of a Dehisced Duran Mitral Annuloplasty Ring.  12:441-446. 1995
  • Transesophageal Echocardiographic Findings of a Patient with Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy, Mitral Valve Prolapse, and Coronary Artery Disease: A Case Report.  12:501-505. 1995
  • Atypical Aortic Dissection Diagnosed by Transesophageal Echocardiography.  11:261-263. 1994
  • Dynamic Three‐Dimensional Echocardiography: Methods and Clinical Potential.  11:237-259. 1994
  • Quadricuspid Aortic Valve Diagnosed by Multiplane Transesophageal Echocardiography.  11:201-205. 1994
  • Quantitative Assessment of Normal and Stenotic Aortic Valve Using Transesophageal Three‐Dimensional Echocardiography.  11:617-625. 1994
  • Transesophageal Echocardiographic Features of Unieuspid Aortic Valve.  11:469-473. 1994
  • Transesophageal Echocardiographic Findings in Complete Unilateral Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection of Right Lung to Right Atrium.  11:93-100. 1994
  • Transesophageal Echocardiography Findings of an Infected Quadricuspid Aortic Valve with an Anomalous Coronary Artery.  11:369-375. 1994
  • Transesophageal Echocardiography Identification and Validation of Individual Tricuspid Valve Leaflets.  11:585-596. 1994
  • Echocardiographic Localization of an Inadvertently Placed Pacing Catheter in the Left Ventricle.  10:509-512. 1993
  • Prognosis in Dilated Myocardial Disease: Influence of Diastolic Dysfunction and Anatomical Changes: Influence of Diastolic Dysfunction and Anatomical Changes.  10:247-253. 1993
  • Transesophageal Echocardiographic Diagnosis of Aortopulmonary Fistula.  10:85-90. 1993
  • Transesophageal Echocardiographic Findings in Primary Leiomyoma of Inferior Vena Cava.  10:623-627. 1993
  • Transesophageal Echocardiographic Identification of a Bicuspid Pulmonary Valve Associated with Congenitally Corrected Transposition of the Great Arteries.  10:359-362. 1993
  • Use of Color Doppler Ultrasound in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Iatrogenic Subclavian Artery Pseudoaneurysm.  10:145-148. 1993
  • Application of Echocardiographic Color Flow Doppler Mitral Regurgitation to the Diagnosis of Acute Cardiac Transplant Rejection.  9:169-174. 1992
  • Assessment of Aortic Coarctation and Collateral Circulation By Biplane Transesophageal Echocardiography.  9:277-285. 1992
  • Histologically Confirmed Cholesterol Atheroemboli with Identification of the Source by Transesophageal Echocardiography.  9:379-383. 1992
  • Multiplane Transesophageal Echocardiographic Imaging and Three‐Dimensional Reconstruction.  9:667-676. 1992
  • Three‐Dimensional and Four‐Dimensional Transesophageal Echocardiographic Imaging of the Heart and Aorta in Humans Using a Computed Tomographic Imaging Probe.  9:677-687. 1992
  • Transesophageal Echocardiographic Examination of Left‐Sided Superior Vena Cava and Azygos and Hemiazygos Veins.  8:731-740. 1991
  • Transesophageal Echocardiographic Identification of Atrial Septal Aneurysm.  8:435-437. 1991
  • Transesophageal Echocardiographic Imaging of the Pulmonary Veins.  8:741-748. 1991
  • Transesophageal Echocardiography in Aortopulmonary Communications.  8:383-395. 1991
  • Transgastric Ultrasonography: A New Approach for Imaging the Abdominal Structures and Vessels.  8:397-403. 1991
  • Anomalous Separate Origin of Left Circumflex Coronary Artery From a Separate Ostium in the Left Coronary Sinus: Identification by Transesophageal Color Doppler Echocardiography.  7:165-167. 1990
  • Color Doppler Assessment of High Flow Velocities Using a New Technology: In Vitro and Clinical Studies.  7:763-769. 1990
  • Combined Femoral Pseudoaneurysm and Arteriovenous Fistula: Diagnosis by Doppler Color Flow Mapping.  7:169-175. 1990
  • Combined Femoral Pseudoaneurysm and Arteriovenous Fistula: Diagnosis by Doppler Color Flow Mapping.  7:65-68. 1990
  • Echocardiographic Identification of Type I Truncus Arteriosus in an Adult.  7:529-531. 1990
  • Multiple Secundum Type Atrial Septal Defects: Identification by Transthoracic Color Doppler Echocardiography.  7:567-569. 1990
  • Noninvasive Assessment of Renal Artery Stenosis by Combined Conventional and Color Doppler Ultrasound.  7:679-688. 1990
  • Screening Tests for Intrauterine Growth Retardation: A Comparison of Umbilical Artery Doppler to Real‐Time Ultrasound.  7:159-164. 1990
  • Transesophageal Biplane Echocardiographic Imaging: Technique, Planes, and Clinical Usefulness.  7:771-788. 1990
  • Transesophageal Echocardiographic Evaluation of Mechanical Biventricular Assist Device.  7:561-566. 1990
  • Transvascular and Intracardiac Two‐Dimensional Echocardiography.  7:457-464. 1990
  • Use of the Smaller Pediatric Transesophageal Echocardiographic Probe in Adults.  7:727-737. 1990
  • Color Velocity Determination Using Pixel Color Intensity in Doppler Color Flow Mapping.  6:473-483. 1989
  • Doppler Color Flow Mapping in the Diagnosis of Sinus of Valsalva Aneurysm.  6:533-538. 1989
  • Four‐Dimensional Reconstruction of Two‐Dimensional Echocardiographic Images.  6:323-337. 1989
  • Mitral Valve Perforation Secondary to Infective Endocarditis: Diagnosis by Doppler Color Flow Mapping.  6:527-531. 1989
  • Valvular Heart Disease and Color Doppler Echocardiography.  6:213-227. 1989
  • Color Flow Doppler Mapping of the Fetus.  5:477-483. 1988
  • Color‐Doppler Assessment of the Carotid Artery.  5:439-455. 1988
  • Color‐Doppler Flow Imaging 1988.  5:405-405. 1988
  • Computer Quantification of Doppler Color Flow Mapped Images with Clinical Applications.  5:427-437. 1988
  • Recent Advances in Color Doppler Evaluation of Valvular Regurgitation.  4:503-513. 1987
  • Diagnosis and Quantitation of Valvular Regurgitation by Color Doppler Flow Mapping.  3:493-503. 1986
  • Color Doppler evaluation of valvular regurgitation.  2:533-543. 1985
  • Contrast echocardiography and color Doppler: A roundtable discussion of abstracts presented at the 57th session of the American Heart Association, November, 1984, Miami, Florida.  2:119-125. 1985
  • Doppler echocardiography. Part III: Congenital heart disease.  2:257-305. 1985
  • Doppler echocardiography. Part IV: Fetal Doppler echocardiography.  2:377-391. 1985
  • On “Effect of Partial Oxygen Supply on Mitochondrial Electron Transport System During Complete Cardiac Ischemia”.  2:435-436. 1985
  • DOPPLER ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY: Part II: Adult Valvular Heart Disease.  1:219-241. 1984
  • Doppler Echocardiography: Part I: Doppler Cardiac Output Measurements: Perspective and Comparison with Other Methods of Cardiac Output Determination.  1:45-54. 1984
  • Echocardiographic Diagnosis of Aortic Aneurysms and Dissection.  1:507-519. 1984