Positions

Overview

  • I retired from UAB in 2006 and currently live in Italy
  • Selected Publications

    Academic Article

    Year Title Altmetric
    2011 A one-year longitudinal study of English and Japanese vowel production by Japanese adults and children in an English-speaking settingJournal of Phonetics.  39:156-167. 2011
    2008 Child-Adult Differences in Second-Language Phonological Learning: The Role of Cross-Language SimilarityLanguage and Speech.  51:317-342. 2008
    2008 Child-adult differences in second-language phonological learning: the role of cross-language similarityLanguage and Speech.  51:317-342. 2008
    2008 The first years in an L2-speaking environment: A comparison of Japanese children and adults learning American EnglishInternational Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching.  46:61-90. 2008
    2006 Early learners' discrimination of second-language vowelsJournal of the Acoustical Society of America.  119:3072-3084. 2006
    2006 Early learners' discrimination of second-language vowels.Journal of the Acoustical Society of America.  119:3072-3084. 2006
    2006 Degree of foreign accent in English sentences produced by Korean children and adultsJournal of Phonetics.  34:153-175. 2006
    2006 Evaluating the effects of chronological age and sentence duration on degree of perceived foreign accentApplied Psycholinguistics.  27. 2006
    2006 Evaluating the effects of chronological age and sentence duration on degree of perceived foreign accentApplied Psycholinguistics.  27:157-183. 2006
    2005 Lexical frequency and neighborhood density effects on the recognition of native and Spanish-accented words by native English and Spanish listenersJournal of the Acoustical Society of America.  117:896-907. 2005
    2005 A developmental study of English vowel production and perception by native Korean adults and children.J. Phonetics.  33:263-290. 2005
    2004 Effects of the age of second language learning on the duration of first and second language sentences: The role of suppressionApplied Psycholinguistics.  25:373-396. 2004
    2004 PERCEIVING VOWELS IN A SECOND LANGUAGEStudies in Second Language Acquisition.  26:1-34. 2004
    2004 Perceived phonetic dissimilarity and L2 speech learning: The case of Japanese /r/ and English /l/ and /r/Journal of Phonetics.  32:233-250. 2004
    2004 Release Bursts in English Word-Final Voiceless Stops Produced by Native English and Korean Adults and Children.Phonetica.  61:67-83. 2004
    2003 Interaction between the native and second language phonetic subsystemsSpeech Communication.  40:467-491. 2003
    2002 Assessing bilingual dominanceApplied Psycholinguistics.  23:567-598. 2002
    2002 The influence of L1 on the acquisition of Swedish quantity by native speaker of Spanish, English and EstonianJournal of Phonetics.  30:229-258. 2002
    2002 The production of English vowels by fluent early and late Italian-English bilingualsPhonetica.  59:49-71. 2002
    2001 The Effect of Experience on Adults' Acquisition of a Second LanguageStudies in Second Language Acquisition.  23:527-552. 2001
    2001 Effects of word class differences on L2 pronunciation accuracyApplied Psycholinguistics.  22:283-299. 2001
    2001 Category restructuring during second-language speech acquisitionJournal of the Acoustical Society of America.  110:516-528. 2001
    2001 Factors affecting degree of foreign accent in an L2: A reviewJournal of Phonetics.  29:191-215. 2001
    2001 The identification of English consonants by native speakers of ItalianPhonetica.  58:103-125. 2001
    2000 Pronunciation proficiency in the first and second languages of Korean–English bilingualsBilingualism: Language and Cognition.  3:131-149. 2000
    2000 An investigation of current models of second language speech perception: The case of Japanese adults' perception of English consonantsJournal of the Acoustical Society of America.  107:2711-2724. 2000
    2000 An investigation of current models of second language speech perception: the case of Japanese adults' perception of English consonants.Journal of the Acoustical Society of America.  107:2711-2724. 2000
    2000 Factors affecting the recognition of words in a second languageBilingualism: Language and Cognition.  3:55-67. 2000
    2000 Adults' Perception and Production of the English Vowel /i/Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research.  43:129-143. 2000
    2000 Age of learning effects on the duration of sentences produced in a second languageApplied Psycholinguistics.  21:205-228. 2000
    2000 The effect of L1 use on production in Quichua - Spanish bilingualsJournal of Phonetics.  28:27-42. 2000
    1999 Native Italian speakers' perception and production of English vowelsJournal of the Acoustical Society of America.  106:2973-2987. 1999
    1999 Canadians in Alabama: A perceptual study of dialect acquisition in adultsJournal of Phonetics.  27:385-403. 1999
    1999 Adults' perception of native and nonnative vowels: Implications for the perceptual magnet effectPerception and Psychophysics.  61:561-577. 1999
    1999 Age Constraints on Second-Language AcquisitionJournal of Memory and Language.  41:78-104. 1999
    1999 Effect of lexical status on children's and adults' perception of native and non-native vowelsJournal of Phonetics.  27:307-332. 1999
    1999 Scaling foreign accent: Direct magnitude estimation versus interval scalingClinical Linguistics & Phonetics.  13:335-349. 1999
    1998 The Phonetic Study of BilingualismIlha do Desterro.  35:17-26. 1998
    1998 CHANGES OVER TIME IN GLOBAL FOREIGN ACCENT AND LIQUID IDENTIFIABILITY AND ACCURACYStudies in Second Language Acquisition.  20. 1998
    1998 LEXICAL FACTORS AND SEGMENTAL ACCURACY IN SECOND LANGUAGE SPEECH PRODUCTIONStudies in Second Language Acquisition.  20. 1998
    1997 Amount of native-language (L1) use affects the pronunciation of an L2Journal of Phonetics.  25:169-186. 1997
    1997 Effects of experience on non-native speakers' production and perception of English vowelsJournal of Phonetics.  25:437-470. 1997
    1997 Pronunciation proficiency in L1 and L2 among Korean–English bilinguals: The effect of age of arrival in the U.SJournal of the Acoustical Society of America.  102:3138. 1997
    1996 The effects of age of second language learning on the production of English vowelsApplied Psycholinguistics.  17:313-334. 1996
    1996 The effects of age of second language learning on the production of English vowelsApplied Psycholinguistics.  17:313-313. 1996
    1996 Lexical Familiarity and English-Language Experience Affect Japanese Adults' Perception of /[graphic character omitted]/ and /l/Journal of the Acoustical Society of America.  99:1161-1173. 1996
    1996 Age of learning affects rate-dependent processing of stops in a second languagePhonetica.  53:143-161. 1996
    1996 Lexical familiarity and English-language experience affect Japanese adults' perception of /Modifier letter small turned r sign/ and /l/Journal of the Acoustical Society of America.  99:1161-1173. 1996
    1996 Speaking rate effects on stops produced by spanish and english monolinguals and spanish/english bilingualsPhonetica.  53:162-179. 1996
    1995 Two Procedures for Training a Novel Second Language Phonetic ContrastApplied Psycholinguistics.  16:425-442. 1995
    1995 Factors affecting strength of perceived foreign accent in a second language.Journal of the Acoustical Society of America.  97:3125-3134. 1995
    1995 Effects of age of second-language learning on the production of English consonantsSpeech Communication.  16:1-26. 1995
    1995 Effects of speaking rate changes on native and nonnative speech productionPhonetica.  52:41-54. 1995
    1995 Factors affecting strength of perceived foreign accent in a second languageJournal of the Acoustical Society of America.  97:3125-3134. 1995
    1995 Japanese Adults can Learn to Produce English /I/ and /l/ AccuratelyLanguage and Speech.  38:25-55. 1995
    1995 Japanese adults can learn to produce English /r/ and /l/ accurately.Language and Speech.  38. 1995
    1995 Native speakers of Spanish show rate-dependent processing of english stop consonantsPhonetica.  52:90-111. 1995
    1995 The perception of English and Spanish vowels by native English and Spanish listeners: A multidimensional scaling analysisJournal of the Acoustical Society of America.  97:2540-2551. 1995
    1994 The word unit in second language speech production and perceptionStudies in Second Language Acquisition.  16:381-411. 1994
    1994 Auditory and categorical effects on cross-language vowel perceptionJournal of the Acoustical Society of America.  95:3623-3641. 1994
    1993 Perceptual Switching in Spanish/English BilingualsJournal of Phonetics.  21:267-290. 1993
    1993 Production and perception of a novel, second-language phonetic contrastJournal of the Acoustical Society of America.  93:1589-1608. 1993
    1992 Production of the word-final English /t/-/d/ contrast by native speakers of English, Mandarin, and SpanishJournal of the Acoustical Society of America.  92:128-143. 1992
    1992 Talker and listener effects on degree of perceived foreign accentJournal of the Acoustical Society of America.  91:370-389. 1992
    1992 The Production Of New And Similar Vowels By Adult German Learners Of EnglishStudies in Second Language Acquisition.  14:131-158. 1992
    1991 The Interlingual Identification of Spanish and English Vowels: Orthographic EvidenceQuarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Series a Human Experimental Psychology.  43:701-731. 1991
    1991 Vowel Context, Rate and Loudness Effects on Linguopalatal Contact Patterns in Hindi Retroflex /[graphic character omitted]/Journal of Phonetics.  19:213-229. 1991
    1991 Age of learning affects the authenticity of voice-onset time (VOT) in stop consonants produced in a second languageJournal of the Acoustical Society of America.  89:395-411. 1991
    1990 Interlingual identification and the role of foreign language experience in L2 vowel perceptionApplied Psycholinguistics.  11:303-328. 1990
    1990 The design of a microcomputer-controlled voice onset time analyzerBiomedical Instrumentation and Technology.  24:357-362. 1990
    1989 Native-Language Phonotactic Constraints Affect How Well Chinese Subjects Perceive the Word-Final English /t/-/d/ ContrastJournal of Phonetics.  17:299-315. 1989
    1989 Differences in inventory size affect the location but not the precision of tongue positioning in vowel production.Language and Speech.  32. 1989
    1989 An instrumental study of vowel reduction and stress placement in spanish-accented englishStudies in Second Language Acquisition.  11:35-62. 1989
    1989 Chinese subjects' perception of the word-final English /1/-/d/ contrast: Performance before and after trainingJournal of the Acoustical Society of America.  86:1684-1697. 1989
    1989 Differences in inventory size affect the location but not the precision of tongue positioning in vowel productionLanguage and Speech.  32:123-147. 1989
    1989 Erratum: “The development of skill in producing word-final English stops: Kinematic parameters” [ J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 84,1639-1652 (1988)]Journal of the Acoustical Society of America.  86:431. 1989
    1989 The Acquisition of Second Language Phonological Systems in a Communicative Framework-the Role of Attitudes and ExperienceRLA: Romance Languages Annual.  1:671-676. 1989
    1988 Anticipatory and carry-over nasal coarticulation in the speech of children and adultsJournal of speech and hearing research.  31:525-536. 1988
    1988 Compensating for a bite block in Is/ and /t/ production: Palatographic, acoustic, and perceptual dataJournal of the Acoustical Society of America.  83:212-228. 1988
    1988 Effects of speaking rate on tongue position and velocity of movement in vowel productionJournal of the Acoustical Society of America.  84:901-916. 1988
    1988 Factors affecting degree of perceived foreign accent in English sentencesJournal of the Acoustical Society of America.  84:70-79. 1988
    1988 Imitation of a VOT continuum by native speakers of English and Spanish: Evidence for phonetic category formationJournal of the Acoustical Society of America.  83:729-740. 1988
    1988 The development of skill in producing word-final English stops: Kinematic parametersJournal of the Acoustical Society of America.  84:1639-1652. 1988
    1988 Using Visual Information to Train Foreign‐Language Vowel ProductionLanguage Learning.  38:365-407. 1988
    1987 A critical period for learning to pronounce foreign languages?Applied Linguistics.  8:162-177. 1987
    1987 Cross-language switching in stop consonant perception and production by Dutch speakers of englishSpeech Communication.  6:185-202. 1987
    1987 Production and Perception of English Stops by Native Spanish SpeakersJournal of Phonetics.  15:67-83. 1987
    1987 The Instrumental Study of L2 Speech Production: Some Methodological ConsiderationsLanguage Learning.  37:285-296. 1987
    1987 The Production of 'New' and 'Similar' Phones in a Foreign Language: Evidence for the Effect of Equivalence ClassificationJournal of Phonetics.  15:47-65. 1987
    1987 The development of skill in producing word-final English stopsJournal of the Acoustical Society of America.  82:433-447. 1987
    1986 The physiological specification of American English vowels.Language and Speech.  29. 1986
    1986 Differential use of temporal cues to the /s/-/z/ contrast by native and non-native speakers of EnglishJournal of the Acoustical Society of America.  79:508-517. 1986
    1986 Linguistic and developmental effects on the production and perception of stop consonantsPhonetica.  43:155-171. 1986
    1986 The physiological specification of American English vowelsLanguage and Speech.  29:361-388. 1986
    1984 Limits on phonetic accuracy in foreign language speech productionJournal of the Acoustical Society of America.  76:708-721. 1984
    1984 Perception of the voiced-voiceless contrast in syllable-final stopsJournal of the Acoustical Society of America.  76:18-26. 1984
    1984 The Effect of Linguistic Experience on Arabs' Perception of the English /s/ vs. /z/ ContrastFolia Linguistica.  18:117-138. 1984
    1984 The detection of french accent by american listenersJournal of the Acoustical Society of America.  76:692-707. 1984
    1984 Transfer and developmental processes in adult foreign language speech productionApplied Psycholinguistics.  5:323-347. 1984
    1983 The influence of stress, position, and utterance length on the pressure characteristics of English /p/ and /b/Journal of speech and hearing research.  26:111-118. 1983
    1982 The Voicing Contrast between English /p/ and /b/ as a Function of Stress and Position-in-UtteranceJournal of Phonetics.  10:335-345. 1982
    1982 Laryngeal Timing and Phonation Onset in Utterance-Initial English StopsJournal of Phonetics.  10:177-192. 1982
    1982 Effects of utterance position on English speech timing.Phonetica.  39:337-357. 1982
    1982 Mimicry of Non-distinctive Phonetic Differences Between Language VarietiesStudies in Second Language Acquisition.  5:1-17. 1982
    1981 Cross-language phonetic interference: Arabic to EnglishLanguage and Speech.  24:125-146. 1981
    1981 The Phonological Basis of Foreign Accent: A HypothesisTESOL Quarterly.  15:443-455. 1981
    1980 PHONETIC APPROXIMATION IN SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITIONLanguage Learning.  30:117-134. 1980
    1977 Psychological Reality and Generative PhonologyLanguage Sciences.  48:17-22. 1977

    Chapter

    Year Title Altmetric
    2015 Effects of Spanish Use on the Production of Catalan Vowels by Early Spanish-Catalan Bilinguals.  33-53. 2015
    2011 Investigating Native and Non-Native Vowels Produced in Conversational Speech.  195-205. 2011
    2011 What Accounts for 'Age' Effects on Overall Degree of Foreign Accent?.  65-82. 2011
    2011 Why Are the Catalan Contrasts between /e/-/e/ and /o/-/ɔ/ So Difficult for Even Early Spanish-Catalan Bilinguals to Perceive?.  183-193. 2011
    2008 Give input a chance!1.  175-190. 2008
    2007 Language Contact in Bilingualism: Phonetic System Interactions.  353-381. 2007
    2003 Assessing Constraints on Second-Language Segmental Production and Perception.  319-355. 2003
    2003 Second-Language Sound Learning in Children and Adults: Learning Sounds, Words, or Both?.  775-786. 2003
    2002 The Effect of Perceived Phonetic Similarity on Non-Native Sound Learning by Children and Adults.  36-47. 2002
    2001 Regular-Irregular Dissociations in L2 Acquisition of English Morphology.  123-132. 2001
    1997 English Vowel Production by Dutch Talkers: More Evidence for the 'Similar' vs 'New' Distinction.  11-52. 1997
    1997 Perception and Production of a New Vowel Category by Adult Second Language Learners.  53-73. 1997
    1996 Factors Affecting the Production of Word-Initial Consonants in a Second Language.  47-73. 1996
    1992 The Intelligibility of English Vowels Spoken by British and Dutch Talkers.  157-232. 1992
    1987 Effects of Equivalence Classification on the Production of Foreign Language Speech Sounds.  9-39. 1987

    Education And Training

  • Northwestern University Communication Sciences and Disorders, Postdoctoral Fellowship
  • Master of Arts in Linguistics, Indiana University System : Indiana University-Bloomington 2000
  • Doctor of Philosophy in Linguistics, Indiana University System : Indiana University-Bloomington 1979
  • Full Name

  • James Flege