Positions

Overview

  • Edward Taub is a University Professor in the Department of Psychology and is the director of the CI Therapy Research Group and Taub Training Clinic. He received his PhD in psychology from New York University in 1970 under the supervision of Dr. Edgar E. Coons and later worked with Dr. Neil E. Miller.

    Dr. Taub is a behavioral neuroscientist who developed a family of techniques — Constraint-Induced Movement therapy (or CI therapy) — that have been shown to be effective in improving the rehabilitation of movement after stroke, traumatic brain injury, cerebral palsy in young children, multiple sclerosis, and other neurological injuries. He also has developed a form that is efficacious in the treatment of post-stroke aphasia. This work is associated with his study of the nature of the plastic brain reorganization induced by CI therapy and the ways it can be harnessed to produce new treatments in neurorehabilitation. An important part of his laboratory’s work is devoted to identifying these processes in the patients receiving CI therapy, using such structural imaging methods as voxel-based morphometry (VBM) and Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI), and most recently magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS).

    Research with pediatric patients with cerebral palsy and adults with MS is ongoing. Pilot work has begun using a progression of training techniques to enable motor complete tetraplegic patients paralyzed from the neck down to operate their wheelchair by hand movements applied to an armrest-based toggle switch and to feed themselves by raising hand to mouth.

    Over 700 papers have been published on the effects of CI therapy in its various forms, and the treatment was the subject of the first successful multi-center randomized clinical trial for upper extremity stroke rehabilitation funded by NIH. Dr. Taub is the recipient of nine national society awards for his research. His body of CI therapy research was named by the Society of Neuroscience as one of the top 10 Translational Neuroscience Accomplishments of the 20th century and one of the 10 “most exciting lines of neuroscience” being carried out. He is past president of the Biofeedback Society of America, has been on the Board of Directors of four scientific societies and is a Past President, Section J (Psychology) of AAAS.

    The research training in Dr. Taub’s laboratory is based on the Method of Strong Inference: experiments are designed on the basis of “logic trees” and consider multiple alternate hypotheses. Graduate students are strongly encouraged to publish their results. In the past, students have averaged two senior-authored papers, three co-authorships, and multiple society presentations.
  • Selected Publications

    Academic Article

    Year Title Altmetric
    2018 Comparison of reproducibility of single voxel spectroscopy and whole-brain magnetic resonance spectroscopy imaging at 3TNMR in Biomedicine.  31. 2018
    2018 Phase II Randomized Controlled Trial of Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy in Multiple Sclerosis. Part 1: Effects on Real-World FunctionNeurorehabilitation and Neural Repair.  32:223-232. 2018
    2018 Phase II Randomized Controlled Trial of Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy in Multiple Sclerosis. Part 2: Effect on White Matter IntegrityNeurorehabilitation and Neural Repair.  32:233-241. 2018
    2018 The Pediatric SmartShoe: Wearable Sensor System for Ambulatory Monitoring of Physical Activity and GaitIEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering.  26:477-486. 2018
    2018 Rehabilitation of stroke patients with plegic hands: Randomized controlled trial of expanded Constraint-Induced Movement therapyRestorative Neurology and Neuroscience.  36:225-244. 2018
    2018 Relation of white matter hyperintensities and motor deficits in chronic strokeRestorative Neurology and Neuroscience.  36:349-357. 2018
    2017 Relation of depressive symptoms to outcome of CI movement therapy after strokeRehabilitation Psychology.  62:509-515. 2017
    2017 Video Game Rehabilitation for Outpatient Stroke (VIGoROUS): Protocol for a multi-center comparative effectiveness trial of in-home gamified constraint-induced movement therapy for rehabilitation of chronic upper extremity hemiparesisBMC Neurology.  17. 2017
    2017 Assessing the amount of spontaneous real-world spoken language in aphasia: Validation of two methodsAmerican Journal of Speech-Language Pathology.  26:316-326. 2017
    2017 Upper extremity motor training of a subject with initially motor complete chronic high tetraplegia using constraint-induced biofeedback therapy.Spinal Cord Series and Cases.  3:17093. 2017
    2016 Translation and cross cultural adaptation of the pediatric motor activity log-revised scaleArquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria.  74:555-560. 2016
    2016 Airway management following repair of cervical tracheal injuries: A retrospective, multicenter studyJournal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery.  80:366-371. 2016
    2016 Change in movement-related cortical potentials following Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy (CIMT) after strokeJournal of Psychology -Hogrefe-.  224:112-124. 2016
    2014 Implications of CI therapy for visual deficit trainingFrontiers in Integrative Neuroscience.  8. 2014
    2014 Foreword for neuroplasticity and neurorehabilitationFrontiers in Human Neuroscience.  8. 2014
    2014 The functional significance of cortical reorganization and the parallel development of CI therapyFrontiers in Human Neuroscience.  8. 2014
    2014 An enhanced protocol for constraint-induced aphasia therapy II: A case seriesAmerican Journal of Speech-Language Pathology.  23:60-72. 2014
    2014 Diffusion tensor imaging study of the response to constraint-induced movement therapy of children with hemiparetic cerebral palsy and adults with chronic strokeArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.  95:506-514.e1. 2014
    2014 Extensive cervical prevertebral haemorrhage with airway obstruction after low-energy hyperextension injuryInjury.  45:53-55. 2014
    2014 Importance for CP rehabilitation of transfer of motor improvement to everyday lifePediatrics.  133. 2014
    2014 Motor recovery from constraint induced movement therapy is not constrained by extent of tissue damage following strokeRestorative Neurology and Neuroscience.  32:755-765. 2014
    2014 Research summit III proceedings on dosing in children with an injured brain or cerebral palsy: Executive summaryPhysical Therapy.  94:907-920. 2014
    2014 Training model for promoting translation from research to clinical settings: University of Alabama at Birmingham training for constraint-induced movement therapyJournal of Rehabilitation Research and Development.  51. 2014
    2013 Constraint-induced movement therapy: A family of neurorehabilitation treatments that harnesses the plasticity of the central nervous systemNeurologie und Rehabilitation.  19:161-175. 2013
    2013 Method for enhancing real-world use of a more affected arm in chronic stroke: Transfer package of constraint-induced movement therapyStroke.  44:1383-1388. 2013
    2013 Structural neuroplastic change after constraint-induced movement therapy in children with cerebral palsyPediatrics.  131. 2013
    2013 Constraint-induced movement therapy for the lower extremities in multiple sclerosis: Case series with 4-year follow-upArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.  94:753-760. 2013
    2013 Constraint-induced movement therapy combined with conventional neurorehabilitation techniques in chronic stroke patients with plegic hands: A case seriesArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.  94:86-94. 2013
    2013 Constraint-induced movement therapy: A method for harnessing neuroplasticity to treat motor disordersProgress in Brain Research.  207:379-401. 2013
    2012 Pediatric arm function test: Reliability and validity for assessing more-affected arm motor capacity in children with cerebral palsyAmerican Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.  91:1060-1069. 2012
    2012 The pediatric motor activity log-Revised: Assessing real-world arm use in children with cerebral palsyRehabilitation Psychology.  57:149-158. 2012
    2012 Brain parenchymal fraction predicts motor improvement following intensive task-oriented motor rehabilitation for chronic strokeRestorative Neurology and Neuroscience.  30:355-361. 2012
    2012 Shaping-Induced Movement Therapy for lower extremity (SIMT) - A pilot studyNeurologie und Rehabilitation.  18:236-241. 2012
    2012 Parallels between use of constraint-induced movement therapy to treat neurological motor disorders and amblyopia trainingDevelopmental Psychobiology.  54:274-292. 2012
    2012 Atrophy of spared gray matter tissue predicts poorer motor recovery and rehabilitation response in chronic strokeStroke.  43:453-457. 2012
    2012 The behavior-analytic origins of constraint-induced movement therapy: An example of behavioral neurorehabilitationBehavior Analyst.  35:155-178. 2012
    2011 A telerehabilitation platform for home-based automated therapy of arm functionConference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual Conference.  1819-1822. 2011
    2011 Treatment of congenital hemiparesis with pediatric constraint-induced movement therapyJournal of Child Neurology.  26:1163-1173. 2011
    2011 A telerehabilitation platform for home-based automated therapy of arm function.Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual Conference.  1819-1822. 2011
    2010 Measurement structure of the wolf motor function test: Implications for motor control theoryNeurorehabilitation and Neural Repair.  24:791-801. 2010
    2010 The EXCITE stroke trial: Comparing early and delayed constraint-induced movement therapyStroke.  41:2309-2315. 2010
    2010 The measurement of upper extremity learned nonuse in progressive multiple sclerosisMultiple Sclerosis.  16:1018-1019. 2010
    2010 Turkish adaptation of motor activity log-28Türkiye Fiziksel Tip ve Rehabilitasyon Dergisi.  56:1-5. 2010
    2009 Minimal detectable change scores for the wolf motor function testNeurorehabilitation and Neural Repair.  23:662-667. 2009
    2009 Improvement after constraint-induced movement therapy is independent of infarct location in chronic stroke patientsStroke.  40:2468-2472. 2009
    2009 A Method for Standardizing Procedures in Rehabilitation: Use in the Extremity Constraint Induced Therapy Evaluation Multisite Randomized Controlled TrialArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.  90:663-668. 2009
    2008 Constraint-Induced Movement therapy can improve hemiparetic progressive multiple sclerosis. Preliminary findingsMultiple Sclerosis.  14:992-994. 2008
    2008 MRI infarction load and CI therapy outcomes for chronic post-stroke hemiparesisRestorative Neurology and Neuroscience.  26:13-33. 2008
    2008 Recovery effect of constraint-induced movement therapy on supper extremity activity of stroke patients with hemiparasisJournal of Jilin University Medicine Edition.  34:511-514. 2008
    2008 Poststroke cerebral peduncular atrophy correlates with a measure of corticospinal tract injury in the cerebral hemisphereAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology.  29:354-358. 2008
    2008 Remodeling the brain: plastic structural brain changes produced by different motor therapies after stroke.Stroke.  39:1520-1525. 2008
    2008 Retention of upper limb function in stroke survivors who have received constraint-induced movement therapy: the EXCITE randomised trialLancet Neurology.  7:33-40. 2008
    2007 Extending the Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy (CIMT) approach to cognitive functions: Constraint-Induced Aphasia Therapy (CIAT) of chronic aphasiaNeuroRehabilitation.  22:311-318. 2007
    2007 Pediatric CI therapy for stroke-induced hemiparesis in young childrenPediatric Rehabilitation.  10:3-18. 2007
    2007 Constraint-induced movement therapy during early stroke rehabilitationNeurorehabilitation and Neural Repair.  21:14-24. 2007
    2006 Autonomously adapting robotic assistance for rehabilitation therapyProceedings of the First IEEE/RAS-EMBS International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics, 2006, BioRob 2006.  2006:567-572. 2006
    2006 Definition and classification of negative motor signs in childhoodPediatrics (Spanish Edition).  118:2159-2167. 2006
    2006 Effect of constraint-induced movement therapy on upper extremity function 3 to 9 months after stroke: The EXCITE randomized clinical trialJournal of the American Medical Association.  296:2095-2104. 2006
    2006 The Motor Activity Log-28: Assessing daily use of the hemiparetic arm after strokeNeurology.  67:1189-1194. 2006
    2006 Constraint-induced movement therapy: Characterizing the intervention protocolEuropa Medicophysica.  42:257-268. 2006
    2006 Neuroplasticity and constraint-induced movement therapyEuropa Medicophysica.  42:269-284. 2006
    2006 The learned nonuse phenomenon: Implications for rehabilitationEuropa Medicophysica.  42:241-255. 2006
    2006 A telerehabilitation approach to delivery of constraint-induced movement therapyJournal of Rehabilitation Research and Development.  43:391-399. 2006
    2006 A treatment for a chronic stroke patient with a plegic hand combining CI therapy with conventional rehabilitation procedures: Case reportNeuroRehabilitation.  21:167-176. 2006
    2006 Cognitive assessment for CI therapy in the outpatient clinicNeuroRehabilitation.  21:139-146. 2006
    2006 Constraint-Induced Movement therapy: Answers and questions after two decades of researchNeuroRehabilitation.  21:93-95. 2006
    2006 Contribution of the shaping and restraint components of Constraint-Induced Movement therapy to Treatment OutcomeNeuroRehabilitation.  21:147-156. 2006
    2006 Employment in households with stroke after Constraint-Induced Movement therapyNeuroRehabilitation.  21:157-165. 2006
    2006 The influence of neuropsychological characteristics on the use of CI therapy with persons with traumatic brain injuryNeuroRehabilitation.  21:131-137. 2006
    2006 A placebo-controlled trial of constraint-induced movement therapy for upper extremity after strokeStroke.  37:1045-1049. 2006
    2006 Functional reorganization and recovery after constraint-induced movement therapy in subacute stroke: Case reportsNeurocase.  12:50-60. 2006
    2005 Use of CI therapy for improving motor ability after chronic cns damage: A development prefigured by Paul Bach-y-RitaJournal of Integrative Neuroscience.  4:465-477. 2005
    2005 Constraint-induced movement therapy for recovery of upper-limb function following traumatic brain injuryJournal of Rehabilitation Research and Development.  42:769-778. 2005
    2005 Reliability and validity of the upper-extremity motor activity log-14 for measuring real-world arm useStroke.  36:2493-2496. 2005
    2005 The EXCITE trial: Attributes of the Wolf Motor Function Test in patients with subacute strokeNeurorehabilitation and Neural Repair.  19:194-205. 2005
    2005 AutoCITE: Automated delivery of CI therapy with reduced effort by therapistsStroke.  36:1301-1304. 2005
    2005 Implications of the learned nonuse formulation for measuring rehabilitation outcomes: Lessons from constraint-induced movement therapyRehabilitation Psychology.  50:34-42. 2005
    2005 Distributed form of constraint-induced movement therapy improves functional outcome and quality of life after strokeArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.  86:204-209. 2005
    2004 Rapid functional plasticity in the primary somatomotor cortex and perceptual changes after nerve blockEuropean Journal of Neuroscience.  20:3413-3423. 2004
    2004 Constraint-induced movement therapy for chronic stroke hemiparesis and other disabilitiesRestorative Neurology and Neuroscience.  22:317-336. 2004
    2004 Harnessing brain plasticity through behavioral techniques to produce new treatments in neurorehabilitationAmerican Psychologist.  59:692-704. 2004
    2004 Automated Constraint-Induced Therapy Extension (AutoCITE) for movement deficits after stroke.Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development.  41:249-258. 2004
    2004 Efficacy of Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy for Children with Cerebral Palsy with Asymmetric Motor ImpairmentPediatrics.  113:305-312. 2004
    2004 Automated constraint-induced therapy extension (AutoCITE) for movement deficits after strokeJournal of Rehabilitation Research and Development.  41:249-257. 2004
    2004 Constraint-induced movement therapy for chronic stroke hemiparesis and other disabilities.Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience.  22:317-336. 2004
    2003 Factor analysis of bowel symptoms in US and Italian populationsDigestive and Liver Disease.  35:774-783. 2003
    2003 Pediatric Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy for a Young Child With Cerebral Palsy: Two Episodes of CarePhysical Therapy.  83:1003-1013. 2003
    2003 Constraint-Induced Movement therapy: Bridging from the primate laboratory to the stroke rehabilitation laboratoryScandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine.  35:34-40. 2003
    2003 Erratum: Constraint-induced therapy in stroke: Magnetic-stimulation motor maps and cerebral activation (Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair (March 2003) 17:1)Journal of Neurologic Rehabilitation.  17:197. 2003
    2003 Constraint-induced movement therapy: Bridging from the primate laboratory to the stroke rehabilitation laboratoryJournal of Rehabilitation Medicine -Supplements-.  34-40. 2003
    2003 New developments in stroke rehabilitation based on behavioral and neuroscientific principles: Constraint-induced therapyNervenarzt.  74:334-342. 2003
    2003 Constraint-induced therapy in stroke: Magnetic-stimulation motor maps and cerebral activationJournal of Neurologic Rehabilitation.  17:48-57. 2003
    2003 Improved motor recovery after stroke and massive cortical reorganization following Constraint-Induced Movement TherapyPhysical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America.  14. 2003
    2003 Methods for a Multisite Randomized Trial to Investigate the Effect of Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy in Improving Upper Extremity Function among Adults Recovering from a Cerebrovascular StrokeNeurorehabilitation and Neural Repair.  17:137-152. 2003
    2002 Expansion of the tonotopic area in the auditory cortex of the blindJournal of Neuroscience.  22:9941-9944. 2002
    2002 Coherence of gamma-band EEG activity as a basis for associative learningInternational Journal of Psychophysiology.  45:55-55. 2002
    2002 Pallidal deep brain stimulation in patients with cervical dystonia and severe cervical dyskinesias with cervical myelopathyJournal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry.  72:249-256. 2002
    2002 Longer versus shorter daily constraint-induced movement therapy of chronic hemiparesis: An exploratory studyArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.  83:1374-1377. 2002
    2002 New treatments in neurorehabiliation founded on basic researchNature Reviews Neuroscience.  3:228-236. 2002
    2002 Sensory motor retuning: A behavioral treatment for focal hand dystonia of pianists and guitaristsArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.  83:1342-1348. 2002
    2001 Chronic thalamic stimulation for treatment of dystonic paroxysmal nonkinesigenic dyskinesiaNeurology.  56:268-270. 2001
    2001 Constraint-induced movement therapy to enhance recovery after stroke.Current Atherosclerosis Reports.  3:279-286. 2001
    2001 Constraint-induced therapy approach to restoring function after neurological injuryTopics in Stroke Rehabilitation.  8:16-30. 2001
    2001 Constraint-induced therapy of chronic aphasia after strokeStroke.  32:1621-1626. 2001
    2001 The reliability of the wolf motor function test for assessing upper extremity function after strokeArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.  82:750-755. 2001
    2000 Erratum: Progressive transneuronal changes in the brainstem and thalamus after long-term dorsal rhizotomies in adult macaque monkeys (Journal of Neuroscience (May 15,2000) (3884-3899))Journal of Neuroscience.  20. 2000
    2000 A neural substrate for nonpainful phantom limb phenomenaNeuroReport.  11:1407-1411. 2000
    2000 Progressive transneuronal changes in the brainstem and thalamus after long-term dorsal rhizotomies in adult macaque monkeysJournal of Neuroscience.  20:3884-3899. 2000
    2000 Differential activation in somatosensory cortex for different discrimination tasksJournal of Neuroscience.  20:446-450. 2000
    2000 Objective measurement of functional upper-extremity movement using accelerometer recordings transformed with a threshold filterStroke.  31:662-667. 2000
    2000 Rapid functional plasticity of the somatosensory cortex after finger amputationExperimental Brain Research.  134:199-203. 2000
    2000 Treatment-induced cortical reorganization after stroke in humansStroke.  31:1210-1216. 2000
    2000 Treatment-induced cortical reorganization in stroke patientsNeurologie und Rehabilitation.  6:177-183. 2000
    1999 Constraint-induced movement therapy - A fourth author respondsArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.  80:1607-1607. 1999
    1999 New discovery equals change in clinical practiceJournal of Rehabilitation Research and Development.  36. 1999
    1999 Decrease in phantom limb pain associated with prosthesis-induced increased use of an amputation stump in humansNeuroscience Letters.  272:131-134. 1999
    1999 Effect of CI therapy on movement-related brain potentialsPsychophysiology.  36:S31-S31. 1999
    1999 Relation of accelerometer and EMG recordings for the measurement of upper extremity movementJournal of Psychophysiology.  13:77-82. 1999
    1999 Constraint-induced Movement Therapy: A new family of techniques with broad application to physical rehabilitation - A clinical reviewJournal of Rehabilitation Research and Development.  36:237-251. 1999
    1999 The thought translation device: A neurophysiological approach to communication in total motor paralysisExperimental Brain Research.  124:223-232. 1999
    1999 A spelling device for the paralysedNature.  398:297-298. 1999
    1999 Plasticity in the motor system related to therapy-induced improvement of movement after strokeNeuroReport.  10:807-810. 1999
    1999 Constraint-induced movement therapy - Results of a behavioral psychology training program for motor rehabilitation of stroke patientsVerhaltenstherapie.  9:50-50. 1999
    1999 Cortical reorganization in tinnitusVerhaltenstherapie.  9:50-50. 1999
    1999 Coherence of gamma-band EEG activity as a basis for associative learningNature.  397:434-436. 1999
    1999 Constraint-induced movement therapy for focal hand dystonia in musiciansLancet.  353:42. 1999
    1999 Constraint-induced movement therapy [1] (multiple letters)Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.  80:1606-1607. 1999
    1999 Constraint-induced movement therapy for motor recovery in chronic stroke patientsArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.  80:624-628. 1999
    1999 Development of cortical reorganization in the somatosensory cortex of adult Braille students.Electroencephalography and clinical neurophysiology. Supplement.  49:292-298. 1999
    1999 Effects of constraint-induced movement therapy on patients with chronic motor deficits after stroke: A replicationStroke.  30:586-592. 1999
    1999 Language support program for thought-translation-devicesAutomedica -New York-.  18:67-84. 1999
    1998 Alteration of digital representations in somatosensory cortex in focal hand dystoniaNeuroReport.  9:3571-3575. 1998
    1998 Reorganization of auditory cortex in tinnitusProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.  95:10340-10343. 1998
    1998 Thermal and EMG biofeedback learning in nonhuman primatesBiofeedback and self-regulation.  23:1-12. 1998
    1998 Motor cortex plasticity during constraint,induced movement therapy in stroke patientsNeuroscience Letters.  250:5-8. 1998
    1998 Constraint-induced movement therapy: A new approach to treatment in physical rehabilitationRehabilitation Psychology.  43:152-170. 1998
    1998 Perceptual correlates of changes in cortical representation of fingers in blind multifinger Braille readersJournal of Neuroscience.  18:4417-4423. 1998
    1998 Plasticity of plasticity? Changes in the pattern of perceptual correlates of reorganization after amputationBrain.  121:717-724. 1998
    1998 Cortical reorganization and phantom phenomena in congenital and traumatic upper-extremity amputeesExperimental Brain Research.  119:205-212. 1998
    1998 Changed perceptions in Braille readers [9]Nature.  391:134-135. 1998
    1998 Conditioned gamma band coherence between visual and somatosensory brain areas after differential conditioning of painful stimuliJournal of Psychophysiology.  12:217-217. 1998
    1998 Constraint-induced (CI) movement therapy in patients treated according to German rehabilitation programsJournal of Psychophysiology.  12:206-206. 1998
    1998 Expansion of cortical hand representation and tactile sensory thresholds in blind Braille readers: A link between cortical organization and perceptionJournal of Psychophysiology.  12:193-194. 1998
    1997 Input-increase and input-decrease types of cortical reorganization after upper extremity amputation in humansExperimental Brain Research.  117:161-164. 1997
    1997 The relationship of phantom limb pain to other phantom limb phenomena in upper extremity amputeesPAIN.  72:87-93. 1997
    1997 Constraint-induced movement therapy for motor recovery after strokeNeuroRehabilitation.  9:29-43. 1997
    1997 Accelerometers in rehabilitation: Objective measurement of extremity use at home.Rehabilitation Psychology.  42:139-139. 1997
    1997 Constraint induced movement techniques to facilitate upper extremity use in stroke patientsTopics in Stroke Rehabilitation.  3:38-61. 1997
    1997 Constraint-induced movement therapy for motor recovery after stroke.NeuroRehabilitation.  9:29-43. 1997
    1997 Effects of regional anesthesia on phantom limb pain are mirrored in changes in cortical reorganizationJournal of Neuroscience.  17:5503-5508. 1997
    1997 The arm motor ability test: Reliability, validity, and sensitivity to change of an instrument for assessing disabilities in activities of daily livingArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.  78:615-620. 1997
    1996 Biofeedback treatment of Raynaud's diseaseProfessional Psychology: Research and Practice.  27:548-553. 1996
    1996 Factor analysis of gastrointestinal symptoms [5]Gastroenterology.  110:969-970. 1996
    1996 Impact of irritable bowel syndrome on quality of lifeDigestive Diseases and Sciences.  41:2248-2253. 1996
    1996 Reorganizational and perceptional changes after amputationBrain.  119:1213-1219. 1996
    1995 Cortical reorganization in human amputees and mislocalization of painful stimuli to the phantom limbNeuroscience Letters.  201:262-264. 1995
    1995 Irritable bowel syndrome defined by factor analysis gender and race comparisonsDigestive Diseases and Sciences.  40:2647-2655. 1995
    1995 Phantom-limb pain as a perceptual correlate of cortical reorganization following arm amputationNature.  375:482-484. 1995
    1995 Coping with irritable bowel syndrome IBS): Analgesic and other medication use by IBS patients and IBS non-consulterGastroenterology.  108:A577-A577. 1995
    1995 Spontaneous swallowing rate and emotional state - Possible mechanism for stress-related gastrointestinal disordersDigestive Diseases and Sciences.  40:282-286. 1995
    1995 Increased cortical representation of the fingers of the left hand in string playersScience.  270:305-307. 1995
    1995 Resolution of chronic cluster headache after resection of a tentorial meningioma: Case reportNeurosurgery.  37:319-322. 1995
    1994 Effectiveness of broad spectrum approaches to relapse prevention in severe alcoholism: A long-term, randomized, controlled trial of transcendental meditation, EMG biofeedback and electronic neurotherapyAlcoholism Treatment Quarterly.  11:187-220. 1994
    1994 FACTOR-ANALYSIS OF GI SYMPTOMS SUPPORTS ROME CRITERIA FOR FUNCTIONAL GI DISORDERSGastroenterology.  106:A589-A589. 1994
    1994 AN OPERANT APPROACH TO REHABILITATION MEDICINE: OVERCOMING LEARNED NONUSE BY SHAPINGJournal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior.  61:281-293. 1994
    1994 EVIDENCE FOR EXTENSIVE REORGANIZATION OF THE SOMATOSENSORY CORTEX IN ADULT HUMANS AFTER NERVOUS-SYSTEM INJURYJournal of Psychophysiology.  8:259-259. 1994
    1994 Extensive reorganization of the somatosensory cortex in adult humans after nervous system injuryNeuroReport.  5:2593-2597. 1994
    1993 EMOTIONAL DISTRESS, RELAXATION AND AIR SWALLOWING RATE - A POSSIBLE ETIOLOGIC MECHANISM IN SOME GASTROINTESTINAL DISORDERSGastroenterology.  104:A1035-A1035. 1993
    1993 FACTOR-ANALYSIS OF BOWEL SYMPTOMS - REPLICATION IN 2045 STUDENTSGastroenterology.  104:A492-A492. 1993
    1993 Technique to improve chronic motor deficit after strokeArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.  74:347-354. 1993
    1992 Chronic deafferentation in monkeys differentially affects nociceptive and nonnociceptive pathways distinguished by specific calcium-binding proteins and down-regulates γ-aminobutyric acid type A receptors at thalamic levelsProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.  89:2571-2575. 1992
    1991 Massive cortical reorganization after sensory deafferentation in adult macaquesScience.  252:1857-1860. 1991
    1991 PETA Account DisputedAmerican Biology Teacher.  53:328-328. 1991
    1980 Effect of slide projections and tape-recorded suggestions on thermal biofeedback trainingBiofeedback and self-regulation.  5:393-405. 1980
    1980 Some anatomical observations following chronic dorsal rhizotomy in monkeysNeuroscience.  5:389-401. 1980
    1979 Electrophysiologic evidence that deafferentation by dorsal rhizotomy abolishes afferent inputs to segmental levels of the spinal cord in the monkeyExperimental Neurology.  66:423-443. 1979
    1978 Biofeedback in the treatment of vasoconstrictive syndromesBiofeedback and self-regulation.  3:363-373. 1978
    1978 Some methodological considerations in thermal biofeedback trainingBehavior Research Methods Instruments and Computers.  10:617-622. 1978
    1978 Comparison of the performance of deafferented and intact monkeys on continuous and fixed ratio schedules of reinforcementExperimental Neurology.  58:1-13. 1978
    1977 ALERTNESS, LEVEL OF ACTIVITY, AND PURPOSIVE MOVEMENT FOLLOWING SOMATOSENSORY DEAFFERENTATION IN MONKEYSAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences.  290:348-365. 1977
    1977 Abstracts of papers presented at the Eighth Annual Meeting of the Biofeedback Society of AmericaBiofeedback and self-regulation.  2:279-326. 1977
    1977 Suggestion as an aid to self-regulation of hand temperatureInternational Journal of Neuroscience.  8:23-26. 1977
    1976 Movement in nonhuman primates deprived of somatosensory feedback.Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews.  4:335-374. 1976
    1976 Feedback-aided self-regulation of skin temperature with a single feedback locus - I. Acquisition and reversal trainingBiofeedback and self-regulation.  1:147-168. 1976
    1975 Diminution of early environmental control through perinatal and prenatal somatosensory deafferentationBiological Psychiatry.  10:609-626. 1975
    1975 Deafferentation in monkeys: Pointing at a target without visual feedbackExperimental Neurology.  46:178-186. 1975
    1974 Use of sensory recombination and somatosensory deafferentation techniques in the investigation of sensory-motor integration.Perception.  3:393-405. 1974
    1973 A nonsurgical method for restraining the head during behavioral tests in primatesBehavior Research Methods Instruments and Computers.  5:309-310. 1973
    1973 Behavioral development after forelimb deafferentation on day of birth in monkeys with and without blindingScience.  181:959-960. 1973
    1973 Prism adaptation: Control of intermanual transfer by distribution of practiceScience.  180:755-757. 1973
    1973 Somatic evoked response recording: An adequate test of deafferentation?Science.  181:187-188. 1973
    1972 Summated cortical evoked response testing in the deafferented primateScience.  178:1113-1115. 1972
    1970 Experimental Studies of Toxic Factors in Uremic EncephalopathyArchives of Internal Medicine -New Series-.  126:838-840. 1970
    1966 Deafferentation in monkeys: Effect on conditioned grasp responseScience.  151:593-594. 1966
    1965 Simple and discriminative tactile conditioned responses following removal of primate frontal agranular cortex.Transactions of the American Neurological Association.  90:228-230. 1965
    1965 Acquisition of a trace-conditioned avoidance response after deafferentation of the responding limbJournal of comparative and physiological psychology.  59:275-279. 1965
    1964 Conditioned behavior following sensory isolation in primates.Transactions of the American Neurological Association.  89:185-186. 1964
    1963 Avoidance conditioning in the absence of relevant proprioceptive and exteroceptive feed backJournal of comparative and physiological psychology.  56:1012-1016. 1963
    1963 Movements in monkeys with deafferented forelimbsExperimental Neurology.  7:305-315. 1963
    1962 Effect of motor cortex ablations on conditioned flexion response in the monkey.Transactions of the American Neurological Association.  87:173-175. 1962
    1961 Tactile conditioning after motor cortex ablations.Transactions of the Association of American Physicians.  86:196-197. 1961
    1959 Conditioned response following deafferentation in the monkey.Transactions of the American Neurological Association.  84:185-187. 1959
    1958 Effect of deafferentation on a conditioned avoidance responseScience.  128:842-843. 1958

    Chapter

    Year Title Altmetric
    2017 Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy: When Efficacious Motor Therapy Meets Progressive Disease.  143. 2017
    2015 Constraint-induced movement therapy for restoration of upper-limb function: Introduction.  573-585. 2015
    2015 The use of constraint-induced movement therapy (CI therapy) to promote motor recovery following stroke.  401-416. 2015
    2010 You can teach an old dog new tricks: Harnessing neuroplasticity after brain injury in older adults.  104-129. 2010
    2009 Constraint-induced movement therapy for restoration of upper-limb function: Introduction.  301-308. 2009
    2009 Cortical Reorganization and the Rehabilitation of Movement by CI Therapy After Neurological Injury 2009

    Research Overview

  • Based on research Dr. Taub conducted with deafferented monkeys, his laboratory developed the neurorehabilitation technique termed Constraint-Induced therapy or CI therapy. Over the past 20 years, Dr. Taub and collaborators have used a CI Therapy approach to develop successful treatments for the motor deficit resulting from damage to the central nervous system in a number of conditions that had previously proved refractory to treatment: stroke in the chronic phase, traumatic brain injury in the chronic phase, cerebral palsy of varied etiologies, multiple sclerosis, and focal hand dystonia in musicians. The CI Therapy approach has also been used to improve speech expression and comprehension in patients with post-stroke aphasia.

    In addition to his work on translating the deafferented monkey research into clinical interventions with rigorous evidence of efficacy, Dr. Taub has also conducted considerable research applying functional and structural neuroimaging techniques to study neuroplasticity in humans after brain injury, which has resulted in publications in Science and Nature, among other prominent outlets. Among the more striking results to emerge recently from his laboratory is a voxel-based morphometry (VBM) analysis of structural magnetic resonance images (MRIs) before and after upper-extremity CI therapy in chronic stroke survivors, showing a profuse increase in amount of grey matter in brain areas related to arm control and learning. Work is now ongoing to identify the microstructural and cellular basis of this grey matter change using magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS).

    In October 2014 the CI Therapy Research Group was honored to host a visit by the Dalai Lama; Dr. Taub participated in a symposium/dialog with him on “Neuroplasticity and Healing.”

    Behavioral neuroscience, behavioral medicine, neurorehabilitation, neural plasticity
  • Education And Training

  • Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology, New York University 1970
  • Full Name

  • Edward Taub