Positions

Overview

  • Carlos A. Estrada, MD, MS, is Chief of the Section of General Internal Medicine (GIM) at the Birmingham VAMC and Professor of Medicine, with tenure, and Director of the Division of General Internal Medicine, at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB). He is also Associate Provost for Interprofessional Education and Director, Center for Interprofessional Education & Simulation at UAB.

    Estrada is a long-standing member of the Society of General Internal Medicine (SGIM), he chaired the 2009 National meeting and served on Council, Deputy Editor, and Editorial Board for the Journal of General Internal Medicine (JGIM). He also served as President of the Association of Chiefs and Leaders of General Internal Medicine (ACLGIM, 2018-2019).

    Dr. Estrada was a member of the National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME), USMLE Gross Anatomy & Embryology Test Material Development Committee (TMDC), United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE). He served as member of the Editorial Board and Deputy Editor for The Journal of General Internal Medicine, CME Editor for ACP Medicine Chapter self-assessment program (American College of Physicians), and Editor of the Leadership Forum (Newsletter; Association of Chiefs and Leaders of General Internal Medicine, ACLGIM).

    A native of Peru, he trained at Henry Ford Hospital and the University of Michigan School of Public Health. Dr Estrada worked at East Carolina University before joining UAB.
  • Selected Publications

    Academic Article

    Year Title Altmetric
    'Correctiom:'Peer chart audits: A tool to meet Accreditation Council on Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) competency in practice-based learning and improvementImplementation Science.  2.
    A 22-year-old woman with abdominal pain
    A 76-year-old woman with diaphoresis and anxiety
    A meta-analysis of the Papanicolaou smear and wet mount for the diagnosis of vaginal trichomoniasisAmerican Journal of Medicine.  108:301-308.
    A multimethod approach for cross-cultural training in an internal medicine residency program
    A web-based cultural competency training for medical students: A randomized trialAmerican Journal of the Medical Sciences.  349:442-446.
    A web-based diabetes intervention for physician: A cluster-randomized effectiveness trial
    Acetaminophen and risk factors for excess anticoagulation with warfarin [1] (multiple letters)
    Administrative data versus corrected administrative dataAmerican Journal of Medical Quality.  18:38-45.
    An uncommon cause of headache
    Analysis of the tonsillar microbiome in young adults with sore throat reveals a high relative abundance of Fusobacterium necrophorum with low diversity
    Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody associated with pulmonary hemorrhage: Wegener’s granulomatosis
    Are All Teaching Activities Valued the Same? Their Relative Worth Is in the Eye of the Beholder
    Association of pancreatitis with administration of contrast medium and intravenous lipid emulsion in a patient with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
    Autoimmune hemolytic anemia and rheumatoid arthritis
    Balancing service and education: Improving internal medicine residencies in the managed care eraAmerican Journal of Medicine.  100:224.
    Buyers beware: Lead poisoning due to ayurvedic medicine
    Challenges with continuity clinic and core faculty accreditation requirementsAmerican Journal of Medicine.  126:550.
    Characteristics that predict physician participation in a Web-Based CME activity: The MI-Plus studyJournal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions.  29:246-253.
    Clinical Reasoning Terms Included in Clinical Problem Solving Exercises?
    Clinical prediction rule for stratifying risk of pulmonary multidrug-resistant tuberculosis
    Clinical reasoning for the infectious disease specialist: A primer to recognize cognitive biasesClinical Infectious Diseases.  57:573-578.
    Decreasing the Ceiling Effect in Assessing Meeting Quality at an Academic Professional Meeting
    Does residency training improve performance of physical examination skills?American Journal of the Medical Sciences.  333:74-77.
    Eosinophilic myositis an expression of L-tryptophan toxicity?
    Esophageal involvement in secondary amyloidosis mimicking achalasiaJournal of Clinical Gastroenterology.  12:447-450.
    Evaluation of guidelines for the use of telemetry in the non-intensive- care setting
    Evidence-based medicine training in a resource-poor country, the importance of leveraging personal and institutional relationshipsJournal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.  17:644-650.
    Exercises in Clinical Reasoning: A Retrospective
    Explaining evidence-based medicine in simple terms [3]
    Health literacy and numeracy [3] (multiple letters)
    Identifying key components for an effective case report poster: An observational study
    Interprofessional Education in Action. The VA Quality Scholars Fellowship ProgramNursing Clinics of North America.  47:347-354.
    Is physician engagement with web-based CME associated with patients' baseline hemoglobin A1c levels? the rural diabetes online care studyAcademic Medicine.  85:1511-1517.
    Judging the effectiveness of clinical pathways for pneumonia: the role of risk adjustment.
    Learning by doing: Observing an interprofessional process as an interprofessional teamJournal of Interprofessional Care.  28:249-251.
    Lessons Learned from a Middle-Aged Man with Testicular Pain: Exercises in Clinical Reasoning
    Limitations of the blood pressure response to the Valsalva maneuver as an estimate of left ventricular functionAmerican Journal of Noninvasive Cardiology.  95.
    Mastering improvement science skills in the new era of quality and safety: The Veterans Affairs National Quality Scholars ProgramJournal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.  18:508-514.
    Medication intensification in diabetes in rural primary care: A cluster-randomised effectiveness trialBMJ Open.  2.
    NSTEMI or not: A 59-year-old man with chest pain and troponin elevation
    Nominal group technique: A tool for course evaluation
    Outcomes and perioperative hyperglycemia in patients with or without diabetes mellitus undergoing coronary artery bypass graftingAnnals of Thoracic Surgery.  75:1392-1399.
    Outcomes of patients hospitalized to a telemetry unitAmerican Journal of Cardiology.  74:357-362.
    Outpatient management of cirrhosis: A narrative review
    Papanicolaou and wet mount smears have low sensitivity but high specificity for detecting vaginal trichomoniasisEvidence Based Medicine.  5:186.
    Patient complexity and diabetes quality of care in rural settingsJournal of the National Medical Association.  103:234-240.
    Patient preferences for novel therapy - An N-of-1 trial of garlic in the treatment for hypertension
    Physician Order Entry Clerical Support Improves Physician Satisfaction and Productivity
    Positive affect facilitates integration of information and decreases anchoring in reasoning among physiciansOrganizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes.  72:117-135.
    Positive affect improves creative problem solving and influences reported source of practice satisfaction in physicians
    Preclinical Medical Student Note QualityAmerican Journal of the Medical Sciences.  353:387-388.
    Rapid Antigen Group A Streptococcus Test to Diagnose Pharyngitis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
    Reporting and concordance of methodologic criteria between abstracts and articles in diagnostic test studies
    Role of telemetry monitoring in the non-intensive care unitAmerican Journal of Cardiology.  76:960-965.
    Sensitising medical students towards nurse-physician collaboration
    Sensitivity for Diagnosing Group A Streptococcal Pharyngitis from Manufacturers is 10% Higher than Reported in Peer-Reviewed Publications
    Serum creatinine concentrations in healthy newborns: Reference ranges during the first five days of lifeHenry Ford Hospital medical journal.  36:193-194.
    Signed, Sealed, Delivered: Increasing Patient Notification of Test Results in an Internal Medicine Resident Continuity Clinic
    Sore throat: Avoid overcomplicating the uncomplicatedAnnals of Internal Medicine.  162:878.
    Systematic review of diagnostic tests for vaginal Trichomoniasis
    Teaching behaviors that define highest rated attending physicians: A study of the resident perspectiveMedical Teacher.  36:991-996.
    The Hematology and Oncology Pediatric Patient: A Review of Fever and Neutropenia, Blood Transfusions, and Other Complex ProblemsClinical Pediatric Emergency Medicine.  91.
    The department of veterans affairs national quality scholars fellowship program: Experience from 10 years of training quality scholarsAcademic Medicine.  84:1741-1748.
    To Lead or Not to Lead? Structure and Content of Leadership Development Programs
    Types of epidemiological studies in Peruvian biomedical journals.
    Use of ecological momentary assessment to guide curricular change in graduate medical education.
    Validation of a scoring tool to select clinical vignettes
    What Defines an Honors Student? Survey of Pediatric and Internal Medicine Faculty Perspectives
    What should we include in a cultural competence curriculum? An emerging formative evaluation process to foster curriculum developmentAcademic Medicine.  86:333-341.
    Which Student Characteristics Are Most Important in Determining Clinical Honors in Clerkships? A Teaching Ward Attending PerspectiveAcademic Medicine.  94:1581-1588.
    Widening the differential for brain masses in human immunodeficiency virus-positive patients: Syphilitic cerebral gummataAmerican Journal of the Medical Sciences.  346:253-255.
    Zafirlukast in asthma.Annals of Internal Medicine.  128:70.

    Chapter

    Year Title Altmetric
    2014 Implementation research: Beyond the traditional randomized controlled trial.  275-312. 2014
    2008 Implementation research: Beyond the traditional randomized controlled trial.  217-244. 2008

    Research Overview

  • Over the past 30 years, Dr. Estrada has led successful multi-disciplinary collaboration in the three mission areas: patient care, research, and education (national and international). Collaboration has included educators and clinicians from nursing, pediatrics, psychiatry, physical medicine, and hospital medicine. Notably, his early research on low-level literacy among elderly patients receiving anticoagulants led him to develop accessible-language brochures and to implement a nurse-led anticoagulation management service.

    With over 100 publications, he has mentored dozens of faculty, fellows, residents, and students. He has applied broad range of research methodology (cross-sectional, cohort, clustered randomized trials, decision analysis, clinical reasoning, medical decision-making, and clinical prediction rules).
  • Teaching Overview

  • Estrada has research and education interests in quality improvement, clinical reasoning, and medical education - recently, by identifying characteristics of high –performing medical students. He is interested in faculty personal and professional development – in particular women and under-represented minority.

    Estrada Co-Directs the Birmingham VAMC, Quality Scholars Fellowship, https://www.vaqs.org/birmingham/, supported by the Office of Academic Affiliations (https://www.va.gov/oaa ). Funded continuously since its inception, our program site is known for interprofessional training, quality and safety education, health services research, surgical outcomes, and inpatient quality care (nurse-led interventions and others). Our site includes fellows from nursing (pre/post PhD and DNP doctoral students), pharmacy, and medicine (from surgery and medicine- including GIM, Hospital Medicine and other sub specialties).

    He co-edited a Joint Commission book with two nurse leaders and a physician from the VAQS program. Splaine, M. E., Dolansky, M. A., Patrician, P. A., Estrada, C. A. Editors. Oakbrook: Joint Commission Resources; Practice-based Learning and Improvement: A Clinical Improvement Action Guide, 3rd Edition. 2012.

    Funded by Fogarty International Center (Peru ICOHRTA Network for AIDS/TB Research Training), the University of Alabama at Birmingham, and Cayetano Heredia University, Dr. Estrada has taught decision analysis, evidence-based medicine, and innovations in medical education to Peruvian faculty.
  • Teaching Activities

  • 28-518 - MASTER PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS (Spring Term 2020) 2020
  • STP2160 - UAB SPANISH INTERPRETER EXPERIENCE (Fall Term 2019) 2019
  • STP2160 - UAB SPANISH INTERPRETER EXPERIENCE (Fall Term 2019) 2019
  • STP2160 - UAB SPANISH INTERPRETER EXPERIENCE (Fall Term 2019) 2019
  • STP2160 - UAB SPANISH INTERPRETER EXPERIENCE (Spring Term 2019) 2019
  • 28-518 - MASTER PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS (Spring Term 2019) 2019
  • STP2160 - UAB SPANISH INTERPRETER EXPERIENCE (Fall Term 2018) 2018
  • STP2160 - UAB SPANISH INTERPRETER EXPERIENCE (Fall Term 2018) 2018
  • STP2160 - UAB SPANISH INTERPRETER EXPERIENCE (Fall Term 2018) 2018
  • STP2160 - UAB SPANISH INTERPRETER EXPERIENCE (Spring Term 2018) 2018
  • 28-518 - MASTER PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS (Spring Term 2018) 2018
  • STP2160 - UAB SPANISH INTERPRETER EXPERIENCE (Fall Term 2017) 2017
  • STP2160 - UAB SPANISH INTERPRETER EXPERIENCE (Fall Term 2017) 2017
  • STP2160 - UAB SPANISH INTERPRETER EXPERIENCE (Fall Term 2017) 2017
  • STP2255 - HOW TO BE A DOCTOR NURSES DON'T HATE: PROFESSIONAL PROPHYLAXIS (Fall Term 2017) 2017
  • STP2160 - UAB SPANISH INTERPRETER EXPERIENCE (Fall Term 2017) 2017
  • STP2255 - HOW TO BE A DOCTOR NURSES DON'T HATE: PROFESSIONAL PROPHYLAXIS (Fall Term 2017) 2017
  • 28-518 - MASTER PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS (Spring Term 2017) 2017
  • STP2160 - UAB SPANISH INTERPRETER EXPERIENCE (Fall Term 2016) 2016
  • STP2160 - UAB SPANISH INTERPRETER EXPERIENCE (Fall Term 2016) 2016
  • STP2160 - UAB SPANISH INTERPRETER EXPERIENCE (Fall Term 2015) 2015
  • STP2160 - UAB SPANISH INTERPRETER EXPERIENCE (Fall Term 2015) 2015
  • STP2160 - UAB SPANISH INTERPRETER EXPERIENCE (Fall Term 2014) 2014
  • 28-518 - MASTER PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS (Spring Term 2013) 2013
  • STP2087 - EXPERT CLINICAL REASONING & CLINICAL PROBLEM SOLVING (Spring Term 2012) 2012
  • 28-518 - MASTER PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS (Spring Term 2012) 2012
  • STP2087 - EXPERT CLINICAL REASONING & CLINICAL PROBLEM SOLVING (Spring Term 2012) 2012
  • 28-518 - MASTER PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS (Spring Term 2011) 2011
  • 28-518 - MASTER PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS (Spring Term 2010) 2010
  • 28-518 - MASTER PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS (Spring Term 2008) 2008
  • 28-518 - MASTER PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS (Spring Term 2007) 2007
  • Education And Training

  • Bachelor's Degree in Medical Clinical Sciences / Graduate Medical Studies, Cayetano Heredia Peruvian University 2004
  • Master of Sciences or Mathematics in Health Professions and Related Clinical Sciences, University of Michigan System : Ann Arbor 1993
  • Doctor of Medicine, Cayetano Heredia Peruvian University 1987
  • Henry Ford Hospital, Internship 1989
  • Henry Ford Hospital, Residency 1991
  • Henry Ford Hospital, Postdoctoral Fellowship 1993
  • Full Name

  • Carlos Estrada