Positions

Selected Publications

Academic Article

Year Title Altmetric
2018 Neonatal bladder inflammation alters the role of the central amygdala in hypersensitivity produced by Acute Footshock stress in adult female rats.Brain Research.  1698:99-105. 2018
2017 Lesions of the central amygdala and ventromedial medulla reduce bladder hypersensitivity produced by acute but not chronic foot shock.Brain Research.  1675:1-7. 2017
2016 Screening and Optimization of Nerve Targets and Parameters Reveals Inhibitory Effect of Pudendal Stimulation on Rat Bladder Hypersensitivity.Regional anesthesia.  41:737-743. 2016
2013 Early-in-life bladder inflammation alters U50,488H but not morphine-induced inhibition of visceromotor responses to urinary bladder distension.Neuroscience Letters.  534:150-154. 2013
2013 Early in life bladder inflammation alters opioid peptide content in the spinal cord and bladder of adult female rats.Journal of Urology, The.  189:352-358. 2013
2012 Assessment of locomotion in chlorine exposed mice by computer vision and neural networks.Journal of applied physiology: respiratory, environmental and exercise physiology.  112:1064-1072. 2012
2011 Effects of acute adult and early-in-life bladder inflammation on bladder neuropeptides in adult female rats.BMC Urology.  11:18. 2011
2011 Footshock stress differentially affects responses of two subpopulations of spinal dorsal horn neurons to urinary bladder distension in rats.Brain Research.  1386:118-126. 2011
2010 Opioid blockade and inflammation reveal estrous cycle effects on visceromotor reflexes evoked by bladder distention.Journal of Urology, The.  184:1529-1535. 2010
2010 Neonatal bladder inflammation alters activity of adult rat spinal visceral nociceptive neurons.Neuroscience Letters.  472:210-214. 2010
2010 Neonatal bladder inflammation produces functional changes and alters neuropeptide content in bladders of adult female rats.Journal of Pain.  11:247-255. 2010
2009 Acute bladder inflammation differentially affects rat spinal visceral nociceptive neurons.Neuroscience Letters.  467:150-154. 2009
2009 Ice water testing reveals hypersensitivity in adult rats that experienced neonatal bladder inflammation: implications for painful bladder syndrome/interstitial cystitis.Journal of Urology, The.  182:337-342. 2009
2009 Development, plasticity and modulation of visceral afferents.Brain Research Reviews.  60:171-186. 2009
2008 Rostral ventral medulla modulation of the visceromotor reflex evoked by urinary bladder distension in female rats.Journal of Pain.  9:920-926. 2008
2008 Serotonergic and noradrenergic facilitation of the visceromotor reflex evoked by urinary bladder distension in rats with inflamed bladders.Neuroscience Letters.  442:253-256. 2008
2007 Inflammation-induced enhancement of the visceromotor reflex to urinary bladder distention: modulation by endogenous opioids and the effects of early-in-life experience with bladder inflammation.Journal of Pain.  8:914-923. 2007
2006 Neonatal urinary bladder inflammation produces adult bladder hypersensitivity.Journal of Pain.  7:469-479. 2006
2006 Which spinal cutaneous nociceptive neurons are inhibited by intravenous lidocaine in the rat?Regional anesthesia.  31:248-253. 2006
2006 Inflammation and enhanced nociceptive responses to bladder distension produced by intravesical zymosan in the rat.BMC Urology.  6:2. 2006
2004 Suppression of food intake by GI fatty acid infusions: roles of celiac vagal afferents and cholecystokinin.Physiology and Behavior.  82:27-33. 2004
2004 Enhancement of feeding suppression by PYY(3-36) in rats with area postrema ablations.Peptides.  25:985-989. 2004
2004 Truncal and hepatic vagotomy reduce suppression of feeding by jejunal lipid infusions.Physiology and Behavior.  81:29-36. 2004
2004 Jejunal administration of linoleic acid increases activity of neurons in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamusAJP - Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology.  286. 2004
2004 Jejunal administration of linoleic acid increases activity of neurons in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus.AJP - Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology.  286:R166-R173. 2004
2003 Spinal EP receptors mediating prostaglandin E2-induced mechanical hyperalgesia, thermal hyperalgesia, and touch-evoked allodynia in rats.Journal of Pain.  4:392-399. 2003
2002 Spinal administration of prostaglandin E(2) or prostaglandin F(2alpha) primarily produces mechanical hyperalgesia that is mediated by nociceptive specific spinal dorsal horn neurons.PAIN.  97:33-45. 2002
2002 The role of spinal neurokinin-1 and glutamate receptors in hyperalgesia and allodynia induced by prostaglandin E(2) or zymosan in the rat.PAIN.  97:127-137. 2002
2002 Responses of hepatic and celiac vagal afferents to intraportal mercaptoacetate in rats fed a high-fat or low-fat diet.NeuroReport.  13:675-679. 2002
2001 Jejunal or portal vein infusions of lipids increase hepatic vagal afferent activity.NeuroReport.  12:3101-3105. 2001
2001 Celiac vagotomy reduces suppression of feeding by jejunal fatty acid infusions.NeuroReport.  12:1093-1096. 2001
2001 Left vagus nerve stimulation suppresses experimentally induced pain.Neurology.  56:985-986. 2001
2001 Effects of glutamate receptor antagonists on spinal dorsal horn neurons during zymosan-induced inflammation in rats.Journal of Pain.  2:12-24. 2001
2001 The effect of spinal and systemic administration of indomethacin on zymosan-induced edema, mechanical hyperalgesia, and thermal hyperalgesia.Journal of Pain.  2:25-35. 2001
2000 Low intensity vagal nerve stimulation lowers human thermal pain thresholds.PAIN.  86:81-85. 2000
2000 Suppression of food intake, body weight, and body fat by jejunal fatty acid infusionsAJP - Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology.  278. 2000
2000 Responses of celiac and cervical vagal afferents to infusions of lipids in the jejunum or ileum of the ratAJP - Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology.  278. 2000
2000 Responses of celiac and cervical vagal afferents to infusions of lipids in the jejunum or ileum of the rat.AJP - Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology.  278:R34-R43. 2000
1997 CCK-8 activates hepatic vagal C-fiber afferents.Brain Research.  776:189-194. 1997
1997 Responses of primary afferents and spinal dorsal horn neurons to thermal and mechanical stimuli before and during zymosan-induced inflammation of the rat hindpaw.Brain Research.  772:135-148. 1997
1996 Reply to Fields and Heinrichter [4]PAIN.  64:397-398. 1996
1995 Responses of on and off cells in the rostral ventral medulla to stimulation of vagal afferents and changes in mean arterial blood pressure in intact and cardiopulmonary deafferented rats.PAIN.  62:19-38. 1995
1994 Spinal nociceptive transmission in the spontaneously hypertensive and Wistar-Kyoto normotensive rat.PAIN.  58:169-183. 1994
1993 Neural substrates of pain and analgesia.Arthritis and Rheumatism.  6:171-177. 1993
1993 Changes in nociception, arterial blood pressure and heart rate produced by intravenous morphine in the conscious rat.Brain Research.  612:70-77. 1993
1993 Vagal afferent stimulation-produced effects on nociception in capsaicin-treated rats.Journal of Neurophysiology.  69:1530-1540. 1993
1993 The use of specific opioid agonists and antagonists to delineate the vagally mediated antinociceptive and cardiovascular effects of intravenous morphine.Brain Research.  603:186-200. 1993
1993 Are we clear on the meaning of viscerosomatic convergence?APS Journal.  2:256-258. 1993
1992 Electrical stimulation of the subdiaphragmatic vagus in rats: inhibition of heat-evoked responses of spinal dorsal horn neurons and central substrates mediating inhibition of the nociceptive tail flick reflex.PAIN.  51:349-365. 1992
1992 Intravenous morphine-induced activation of vagal afferents: peripheral, spinal, and CNS substrates mediating inhibition of spinal nociception and cardiovascular responses.Journal of Neurophysiology.  68:1027-1045. 1992
1992 Vagal afferent modulation of nociception.Brain Res Brain Res Rev.  17:77-99. 1992
1992 Effects of vagal afferent stimulation on ON and OFF cells in the rostroventral medulla: relationships to nociception and arterial blood pressure.Journal of Neurophysiology.  67:180-196. 1992
1992 Vagal modulation of nociceptionAPS Journal.  1:26-32. 1992
1991 Further behavioral evidence that colorectal distension is a 'noxious' visceral stimulus in rats.Neuroscience Letters.  131:113-116. 1991
1991 Spinal serotonergic and kappa opioid receptors mediate facilitation of the tail flick reflex produced by vagal afferent stimulation.PAIN.  45:321-329. 1991
1991 Indices of stress in rats: effects of sex, perinatal alcohol and artificial rearing.Physiology and Behavior.  49:751-756. 1991
1991 Antinociception and cardiovascular responses produced by intravenous morphine: the role of vagal afferents.Brain Research.  543:256-270. 1991
1991 Effects of electrical stimulation of vagal afferents on spinothalamic tract cells in the rat.PAIN.  44:311-319. 1991
1991 Antinociception produced by electrical stimulation of vagal afferents: independence of cervical and subdiaphragmatic branches.Brain Research.  542:63-70. 1991
1991 Quantitative characterization and spinal substrates of antinociception produced by electrical stimulation of the subdiaphragmatic vagus in rats.PAIN.  44:201-209. 1991
1991 Antinociceptive States and HypertensionJournal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology.  2:s54-s58. 1991
1990 Electrical stimulation of cervical vagal afferents. I. Central relays for modulation of spinal nociceptive transmission.Journal of Neurophysiology.  64:1098-1114. 1990
1990 Electrical stimulation of cervical vagal afferents. II. Central relays for behavioral antinociception and arterial blood pressure decreases.Journal of Neurophysiology.  64:1115-1124. 1990
1990 Antinociception and cardiovascular responses produced by electrical stimulation in the nucleus tractus solitarius, nucleus reticularis ventralis, and the caudal medulla.PAIN.  42:103-119. 1990
1990 Acute increases in arterial blood pressure produced by occlusion of the abdominal aorta induces antinociception: peripheral and central substrates.Brain Research.  519:12-22. 1990
1990 Modulation of spinal nociceptive transmission from nuclei tractus solitarii: a relay for effects of vagal afferent stimulation.Journal of Neurophysiology.  63:971-986. 1990
1989 Vagal afferent modulation of spinal nociceptive transmission in the rat.Journal of Neurophysiology.  62:401-415. 1989
1988 Characterization of antinociception produced by glutamate microinjection in the nucleus tractus solitarius and the nucleus reticularis ventralis.Journal of Neuroscience.  8:4675-4684. 1988
1988 Effects of intrathecal antagonists on the antinociception, hypotension, and bradycardia produced by intravenous administration of [D-Ala2]-methionine enkephalinamide (DALA) in the rat.Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior.  30:65-72. 1988
1988 Vagal afferent modulation of a nociceptive reflex in rats: involvement of spinal opioid and monoamine receptors.Brain Research.  446:285-294. 1988
1988 Medullary substrates mediating antinociception produced by electrical stimulation of the vagus.Brain Research.  445:68-76. 1988
1987 Medullary substrates of descending spinal inhibition activated by intravenous administration of [D-Ala2]methionine enkephalinamide in the rat.Brain Research.  411:236-247. 1987
1986 [D-Ala2]-methionine enkephalinamide (DALA): characterization of antinociceptive, cardiovascular, and autonomic nervous system actions in conscious and pentobarbital-anesthetized rats.Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior.  25:641-650. 1986
1986 Volume loading hypoalgesia in SHR, WKY and F1 offspring of a SHR x WKY cross.Brain Research.  363:178-182. 1986
1986 The role of sinoaortic and cardiopulmonary baroreceptor reflex arcs in nociception and stress-induced analgesia.Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences.  467:385-401. 1986
1985 Associative aspects of conditioned analgesia evoked by a discrete CSPsychonomic science.  13:419-431. 1985
1985 Genetic differences in avoidance behavior: cardiovascular activity, pain sensitivity and stress-induced analgesia.Peptides.  6 Suppl 1:29-35. 1985
1984 [D-Ala2]-methionine enkephalinamide reflexively induces antinociception by activating vagal afferents.Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior.  21:441-448. 1984
1984 Role of the right vagal nerve trunk in antinociception.Brain Research.  298:374-377. 1984
1984 Unconditioned stress-induced analgesia following exposure to brief footshock.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes.  10:127-137. 1984
1984 Activation of vagal afferents by veratrine induces antinociceptionPhysiological Psychology.  12:293-301. 1984
1984 Interactions between cardiovascular and pain regulatory systems.Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews.  8:343-367. 1984
1984 Mechanisms of blocking by contextual stimuliLearning and Motivation.  15:106-117. 1984
1983 Exposure to the unconditioned stimulus alone: effects on retention and acquisition of conditioned suppression.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes.  9:147-159. 1983
1983 Activation of the sinoaortic baroreceptor reflex arc induces analgesia: Interactions between cardiovascular and endogenous pain inhibition systemsPhysiological Psychology.  11:214-220. 1983
1982 Sinoaortic baroreceptor reflex arc modulation of nociception in spontaneously hypertensive and normotensive ratsPhysiological Psychology.  10:267-272. 1982
1981 Acquisition of conditioned suppression and responsivity to thermal stimulation in spontaneously hypertensive, renal hypertensive and normotensive rats.Physiology and Behavior.  27:585-590. 1981
1981 The effects of separate presentations of the US on conditioned suppressionPsychonomic science.  9:56-64. 1981
1981 The US preexposure phenomenon in the conditioned suppression paradigm: A role for conditioned situational stimuliLearning and Motivation.  12:321-341. 1981
1979 Associative and nonassociative theories of the UCS preexposure phenomenon: implications for Pavlovian conditioning.Psychological Bulletin.  86:523-548. 1979
1979 Erratum to: Pituitary-adrenal influences on the acquisition of excitatory and inhibitory conditioned responses in ratsPhysiological Psychology.  7:221-221. 1979
1979 Pituitary-adrenal influences on the acquisition of excitatory and inhibitory conditioned responses in ratsPhysiological Psychology.  7:75-83. 1979
1979 Preconditioning exposure to the unconditined stimulus affects the acquisition of a conditioned emotional responseLearning and Motivation.  10:245-277. 1979
1978 Visual dominance in the pigeon.Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior.  30:129-137. 1978
1976 Pituitary-adrenal activity and appetitive reinforcementPhysiological Psychology.  4:346-350. 1976

Teaching Activities

  • PY698 - Premaster's Degree Grad Resrch (Fall Term 2012) 2012
  • PY699 - Master's Level Thesis Research (Fall Term 2012) 2012
  • PY753 - Overview Behav Neuroscience (Fall Term 2012) 2012
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Fall Term 2012) 2012
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Fall Term 2012) 2012
  • PY799 - Doctoral Dissertation Research (Fall Term 2012) 2012
  • PY698 - Premaster's Degree Grad Resrch (Summer Term 2012) 2012
  • PY699 - Master's Level Thesis Research (Summer Term 2012) 2012
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Summer Term 2012) 2012
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Summer Term 2012) 2012
  • PY799 - Doctoral Dissertation Research (Summer Term 2012) 2012
  • PY431 - The Dynamics of Pain (Spring Term 2012) 2012
  • PY756 - Research Sem Behav Neurosci (Spring Term 2012) 2012
  • PY787 - The Dynamics of Pain (Spring Term 2012) 2012
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Spring Term 2012) 2012
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Spring Term 2012) 2012
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Spring Term 2012) 2012
  • PY799 - Doctoral Dissertation Research (Spring Term 2012) 2012
  • PY799 - Doctoral Dissertation Research (Spring Term 2012) 2012
  • PY799 - Doctoral Dissertation Research (Spring Term 2012) 2012
  • PY453 - Adv Behavioral Neuroscience (Fall Term 2011) 2011
  • PY698 - Premaster's Degree Grad Resrch (Fall Term 2011) 2011
  • PY699 - Master's Level Thesis Research (Fall Term 2011) 2011
  • PY753 - Overview Behav Neuroscience (Fall Term 2011) 2011
  • PY756 - Research Sem Behav Neurosci (Fall Term 2011) 2011
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Fall Term 2011) 2011
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Fall Term 2011) 2011
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Fall Term 2011) 2011
  • PY799 - Doctoral Dissertation Research (Fall Term 2011) 2011
  • PY698 - Premaster's Degree Grad Resrch (Summer Term 2011) 2011
  • PY699 - Master's Level Thesis Research (Summer Term 2011) 2011
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Summer Term 2011) 2011
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Summer Term 2011) 2011
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Summer Term 2011) 2011
  • PY799 - Doctoral Dissertation Research (Summer Term 2011) 2011
  • PY431 - The Dynamics of Pain (Spring Term 2011) 2011
  • PY698 - Premaster's Degree Grad Resrch (Spring Term 2011) 2011
  • PY756 - Research Sem Behav Neurosci (Spring Term 2011) 2011
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Spring Term 2011) 2011
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Spring Term 2011) 2011
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Spring Term 2011) 2011
  • PY799 - Doctoral Dissertation Research (Spring Term 2011) 2011
  • PY799 - Doctoral Dissertation Research (Spring Term 2011) 2011
  • PY799 - Doctoral Dissertation Research (Spring Term 2011) 2011
  • PY698 - Premaster's Degree Grad Resrch (Fall Term 2010) 2010
  • PY699 - Master's Level Thesis Research (Fall Term 2010) 2010
  • PY756 - Research Sem Behav Neurosci (Fall Term 2010) 2010
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Fall Term 2010) 2010
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Fall Term 2010) 2010
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Fall Term 2010) 2010
  • PY799 - Doctoral Dissertation Research (Fall Term 2010) 2010
  • PY698 - Premaster's Degree Grad Res (Summer Term 2010) 2010
  • PY699 - Master's Level Thesis Research (Summer Term 2010) 2010
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Summer Term 2010) 2010
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Summer Term 2010) 2010
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Summer Term 2010) 2010
  • PY799 - Doctoral Dissertation Research (Summer Term 2010) 2010
  • PY431 - The Dynamics of Pain (Spring Term 2010) 2010
  • PY698 - Premaster's Degree Grad Res (Spring Term 2010) 2010
  • PY699 - Master's Level Thesis Research (Spring Term 2010) 2010
  • PY756 - Research Sem Behav Neurosci (Spring Term 2010) 2010
  • PY787 - The Dynamics of Pain (Spring Term 2010) 2010
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Spring Term 2010) 2010
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Spring Term 2010) 2010
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Spring Term 2010) 2010
  • PY799 - Doctoral Dissertation Research (Spring Term 2010) 2010
  • PY799 - Doctoral Dissertation Research (Spring Term 2010) 2010
  • PY799 - Doctoral Dissertation Research (Spring Term 2010) 2010
  • PY698 - Premaster's Degree Grad Res (Fall Term 2009) 2009
  • PY699 - Master's Level Thesis Research (Fall Term 2009) 2009
  • PY756 - Research Sem Behav Neurosci (Fall Term 2009) 2009
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Fall Term 2009) 2009
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Fall Term 2009) 2009
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Fall Term 2009) 2009
  • PY799 - Doctoral Dissertation Research (Fall Term 2009) 2009
  • PY698 - Premaster's Degree Grad Res (Summer Term 2009) 2009
  • PY699 - Master's Level Thesis Research (Summer Term 2009) 2009
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Summer Term 2009) 2009
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Summer Term 2009) 2009
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Summer Term 2009) 2009
  • PY799 - Doctoral Dissertation Research (Summer Term 2009) 2009
  • PY431 - The Dynamics of Pain (Spring Term 2009) 2009
  • PY698 - Premaster's Degree Grad Res (Spring Term 2009) 2009
  • PY699 - Master's Level Thesis Research (Spring Term 2009) 2009
  • PY756 - Research Sem Behav Neurosci (Spring Term 2009) 2009
  • PY787 - The Dynamics of Pain (Spring Term 2009) 2009
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Spring Term 2009) 2009
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Spring Term 2009) 2009
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Spring Term 2009) 2009
  • PY799 - Doctoral Dissertation Research (Spring Term 2009) 2009
  • PY698 - Premaster's Degree Grad Res (Fall Term 2008) 2008
  • PY699 - Master's Level Thesis Research (Fall Term 2008) 2008
  • PY756 - Research Sem Behav Neurosci (Fall Term 2008) 2008
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Fall Term 2008) 2008
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Fall Term 2008) 2008
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Fall Term 2008) 2008
  • PY799 - Doctoral Dissertation Research (Fall Term 2008) 2008
  • PY698 - Premaster's Degree Grad Res (Summer Term 2008) 2008
  • PY699 - Master's Level Thesis Research (Summer Term 2008) 2008
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Summer Term 2008) 2008
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Summer Term 2008) 2008
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Summer Term 2008) 2008
  • PY799 - Doctoral Dissertation Research (Summer Term 2008) 2008
  • PY431 - The Dynamics of Pain (Spring Term 2008) 2008
  • PY698 - Premaster's Degree Grad Res (Spring Term 2008) 2008
  • PY699 - Master's Level Thesis Research (Spring Term 2008) 2008
  • PY756 - Research Sem Behav Neurosci (Spring Term 2008) 2008
  • PY787 - The Dynamics of Pain (Spring Term 2008) 2008
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Spring Term 2008) 2008
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Spring Term 2008) 2008
  • PY799 - Doctoral Dissertation Research (Spring Term 2008) 2008
  • PY698 - Premaster's Degree Grad Res (Fall Term 2007) 2007
  • PY699 - Master's Level Thesis Research (Fall Term 2007) 2007
  • PY756 - Research Sem Behav Neurosci (Fall Term 2007) 2007
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Fall Term 2007) 2007
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Fall Term 2007) 2007
  • PY798 - Predoctoral Degree Grad Res (Fall Term 2007) 2007
  • PY799 - Doctoral Dissertation Research (Fall Term 2007) 2007
  • Education And Training

  • Bachelor of Arts in Psychology, Syracuse University
  • Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology, Foreign University
  • Master of Science in Psychology, Syracuse University
  • Full Name

  • Alan Randich
  • Blazerid

  • arandich