Positions

Overview

  • I grew up along the south shore of Lake Erie with annual trips to the Atlantic coast in South Carolina and developed a life-long love of aquatic environments in general and the marine environment in particular. From a fairly early age I knew that I wanted to be a biologist working in marine ecosystems. I developed a strong interest in marine macroalgae working with my undergraduate advisor at Duke University and further developed that interest into a career focus during graduate work at UNC-Wilmington and UC-Santa Barbara.

    I had my first two opportunities to do research in Antarctica as a grad student at UCSB. While I did not anticipate it at the time, a major emphasis of my research since coming to UAB in 1994 has become the chemical ecology of macroalgae and other organisms in Antarctic marine communities. My postdoctoral work at the University of Illinois at Chicago took me into studies of how bacteria behaviorally respond to information about their chemical environments where I learned methods and perspectives that were very important in developing my subsequent UAB-based studies of marine chemical ecology and behavior.
  • Selected Publications

    Academic Article

    Year Title Altmetric
    2019 Impacts of gastropods on epiphytic microalgae on the brown macroalga Himantothallus grandifolius 2019
    2019 Anverenes B-E, new polyhalogenated monoterpenes from the antarctic red alga Plocamium cartilagineum 2019
    2017 Effects of ocean acidification on the shells of four Mediterranean gastropod species near a CO2 seep 2017
    2017 Ocean warming and acidification alter Antarctic macroalgal biochemical composition but not amphipod grazer feeding preferences 2017
    2017 Declines in plant palatability from polar to tropical latitudes depend on herbivore and plant identity 2017
    2017 Gut content, fatty acid, and stable isotope analyses reveal dietary sources of macroalgal-associated amphipods along the western Antarctic Peninsula 2017
    2016 Seawater acidification more than warming presents a challenge for two Antarctic macroalgal-associated amphipods 2016
    2016 Darwinolide, a New Diterpene Scaffold That Inhibits Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Biofilm from the Antarctic Sponge Dendrilla membranosa 2016
    2016 Antarctic crustacean grazer assemblages exhibit resistance following exposure to decreased pH 2016
    2016 Control of grazing by light availability via light-dependent, wound-induced metabolites: The role of reactive oxygen species 2016
    2016 Climate change confers a potential advantage to fleshy Antarctic crustose macroalgae over calcified species. 2016
    2016 Testing antarctic resilience: The effects of elevated seawater temperature and decreased pH on two gastropod species 2016
    2015 Abundance and diversity of gastropods associated with dominant subtidal macroalgae from the western Antarctic Peninsula 2015
    2015 A comprehensive study of Antarctic algal symbioses: minimal impacts of endophyte presence in most species of macroalgal hosts 2015
    2015 Life history bias in endophyte infection of the Antarctic rhodophyte, Iridaea cordata 2015
    2015 Structure and function of macroalgal natural products 2015
    2015 The immediate wound-induced oxidative burst of Saccharina latissima depends on light via photosynthetic electron transport 2015
    2015 The immediate wound-induced oxidative burst of Saccharina latissima depends on light via photosynthetic electron transport 2015
    2014 Impacts of acute elevated seawater temperature on the feeding preferences of an Antarctic amphipod toward chemically deterrent macroalgae 2014
    2014 Climate change impacts on overstory Desmarestia spp. from the western Antarctic Peninsula 2014
    2014 Chemical mediation of mutualistic interactions between macroalgae and mesograzers structure unique coastal communities along the western Antarctic Peninsula 2014
    2014 Reactive oxygen species and the antarctic macroalgal wound response 2014
    2014 Climate change impacts on overstory Desmarestia spp. from the western Antarctic Peninsula 2014
    2014 Impacts of acute elevated seawater temperature on the feeding preferences of an Antarctic amphipod toward chemically deterrent macroalgae 2014
    2014 Multiple stressor effects of near-future elevated seawater temperature and decreased pH on righting and escape behaviors of two common Antarctic gastropods 2014
    2014 Reactive oxygen species as a marine grazing defense: H2O2 and wounded Ascoseira mirabilis both inhibit feeding by an amphipod grazer 2014
    2013 Tolerance and sequestration of macroalgal chemical defenses by an Antarctic amphipod: A 'cheater' among mutualists 2013
    2013 West Antarctic peninsula: An ice-dependent coastal marine ecosystem in transition 2013
    2013 Site-specific variability in the chemical diversity of the Antarctic red alga Plocamium cartilagineum 2013
    2013 Endophyte presence as a potential stressor on growth and survival in Antarctic macroalgal hosts 2013
    2012 Effects of Macroalgal Chemical Extracts on Spore Behavior of the Antarctic Epiphyte Elachista Antarctica Phaeophyceae 2012
    2012 Palatability of living and dead detached Antarctic macroalgae to consumers 2012
    2012 Phototactic responses of Elachista antarctica (Phaeophyceae) spores of different ages across a broad irradiance range using new motion analysis software 2012
    2012 The abundance and distribution of echinoderms in nearshore hard-bottom habitats near Anvers Island, western Antarctic Peninsula 2012
    2012 Palmadorin chemodiversity from the Antarctic nudibranch Austrodoris kerguelenensis and inhibition of Jak2/STAT5-dependent HEL leukemia cells 2012
    2012 Algicidal activity and potential antifouling defenses in macroalgae from the western Antarctic Peninsula including probable synergistic effects of multiple compounds 2012
    2012 Amphipods exclude filamentous algae from the Western Antarctic Peninsula benthos: Experimental evidence 2012
    2011 A comprehensive evaluation of the potential chemical defenses of antarctic ascidians against sympatric fouling microorganisms 2011
    2011 Palmerolide macrolides from the Antarctic tunicate Synoicum adareanum 2011
    2011 Reactive Oxygen Species and the Macroalgal Wound Response 2011
    2011 CNS and antimalarial activity of synthetic meridianin and psammopemmin analogs 2011
    2011 AMPHIPODS EXCLUDE FILAMENTOUS ALGAE FROM THE WESTERN ANTARCTIC PENINSULA BENTHOS: EXPERIMENTAL EVIDENCE 2011
    2011 EFFECTS OF MACROALGAL CHEMICAL EXTRACTS ON SPORE BEHAVIOR OF THE ANTARCTIC EPIPHYTE ELACHISTA ANTARCTICA 2011
    2011 THE IMPACT OF ENDOPHYTE PRESENCE ON GROWTH AND SURVIVAL IN ANTARCTIC MACROALGAL HOSTS (RHODOPHYTA) 2011
    2011 The Mg-calcite composition of Antarctic echinoderms: Important implications for predicting the impacts of ocean acidification 2011
    2011 Changes in amphipod densities among macroalgal habitats in day versus night collections along the Western Antarctic Peninsula 2011
    2011 Accumulation of vanadium, manganese, and nickel in Antarctic tunicates 2011
    2011 Gut contents and stable isotope analyses of the Antarctic fish, Notothenia coriiceps (Richardson), from two macroalgal communities 2011
    2011 CHEMICAL MEDIATION OF PREDATOR-PREY AND MUTUALISTIC INTERACTIONS BETWEEN ANTARCTIC MACROALGAE AND INVERTEBRATES 2011
    2011 CHEMOKINETIC RESPONSES OF MOTILE PROPAGULES OF ANTARCTIC EPIPHYTE ELACHISTA ANTARCTICA IN THE PRESENCE OF HYDROPHILIC EXTRACTS OF COMMON RHODOPHYTES 2011
    2011 Impacts of mesograzers on epiphyte and endophyte growth associated with chemically defended macroalge from the western antarctic peninsula: A mesocosm experiment 2011
    2011 REACTIVE OXYGEN SPECIES AS A POTENTIAL MACROALGAL DEFENSE ALONG THE WESTERN ANTARCTIC PENINSULA 2011
    2011 SANCTUARY IN MACROALGAE: CHANGES IN AMPHIPOD DENSITIES AMONG MACROALGAL HABITATS IN DAY VERSUS NIGHT COLLECTIONS ALONG THE WESTERN ANTARCTIC PENINSULA 2011
    2011 THE EFFECT OF ENDOPHYTE INFECTION ON GROWTH AND SURVIVORSHIP OF ANTARCTIC MACROALGAE (RHODOPHYCEAE) 2011
    2011 Palatability of the Antarctic rhodophyte Palmaria decipiens (Reinsch) RW Ricker and its endo/epiphyte Elachista antarctica Skottsberg to sympatric amphipods 2011
    2010 Introduction to the symposium: Advances in antarctic marine biology 2010
    2010 Overview of the chemical ecology of benthic marine invertebrates along the western antarctic peninsula 2010
    2010 An overview of the Chemical Ecology of Marine Macroalgae and Benthic Invertebrates along the Antarctic Peninsula 2010
    2010 Potential resistance of Antarctic ascidians to sympatric bacterial epibiosis 2010
    2010 Potential chemical defenses of Antarctic sponges against sympatric microorganisms 2010
    2010 Palmadorins A-C, diterpene glycerides from the antarctic nudibranch austrodoris kerguelenensis 2010
    2010 Habitat choice and predator avoidance by Antarctic amphipods: The roles of algal chemistry and morphology 2010
    2010 Chemically mediated resistance to mesoherbivory in finely branched macroalgae along the western Antarctic Peninsula 2010
    2010 The Role of Reactive Oxygen Species in Antiherbivore Defense along the Western Antarctic Peninsula 2010
    2009 Defenses of polar macroalgae against herbivores and biofoulers 2009
    2009 Field studies on deterrent properties of phlorotannins in Antarctic brown algae 2009
    2009 Notes on the systematics and biogeographical relationships of Antarctic and sub-Antarctic Rhodophyta with descriptions of four new genera and five new species 2009
    2009 Palatability and chemical anti-predatory defenses in common ascidians from the Antarctic Peninsula 2009
    2009 Observations on an association between the dexaminid amphipod polycheria sntarctica f. scanthopoda and its sscidian host distaplia cylindrica 2009
    2009 Norselic acids A-E, highly oxidized anti-infective steroids that deter mesograzer predation, from the antarctic sponge Crella sp. 2009
    2009 Rapid dissolution of shells of weakly calcified Antarctic benthic macroorganisms indicates high vulnerability to ocean acidification 2009
    2009 Filamentous algal endophytes in macrophytic Antarctic algae: Prevalence in hosts and palatability to mesoherbivores 2009
    2009 Effects of ocean acidification over the life history of the barnacle Amphibalanus amphitrite 2009
    2009 Palatability and chemical defenses of sponges from the western Antarctic Peninsula 2009
    2009 An evaluation of sponge-associated amphipods from the Antarctic Peninsula 2009
    2009 IMPACTS OF FILAMENTOUS ALGAL EPIPHYTES/ENDOPHYTES ON MACROALGAL PRODUCTIVITY IN THE WESTERN ANTARCTIC PENINSULA 2009
    2009 MACROALGAL CHEMICAL ECOLOGY: MICROSCOPIC SPORES TO MAGNIFICENT ANTARCTIC FORESTS 2009
    2009 PHOTOTACTIC RESPONSES OF SWARMERS OF THE ANTARCTIC EPIPHYTE ELACHISTA ANTARCTICA 2009
    2009 THE SECRET GARDEN: LIFE WITHIN ANTARCTIC MACROALGAE 2009
    2009 ARE INTERACTIONS BETWEEN DOMINANT MESOGRAZERS AND MACROALGAE IN THE WESTERN ANTARCTIC PENINSULA, IN PART, CHEMICALLY MEDIATED? THE ANTI-GRAZING CAPABILITIES OF SECONDARY METABOLITES PRODUCED IN ANTARCTIC FILAMENTOUS MACROPHYTES 2009
    2009 Effects of ocean acidification on larval development and settlement of the common intertidal barnacle Amphibalanus amphitrite 2009
    2009 FILAMENTOUS ALGAL ENDOPHYTES IN ANTARCTIC MACROALGAE: INCIDENCE AND PALATABILITY 2009
    2009 Hiding in the bushes: Structural and chemical determinants of habitat choice in Antarctic amphipods 2009
    2009 Ocean acidification and calcified Antarctic seafloor macroorganisms: The perfect storm 2009
    2009 PALATABILITY OF PALMARIA DECIPIENS AND ITS ENDOPHYTE ELACHISTA ANTARCTICA TO FOUR COMMON ANTARCTIC AMPHIPODS 2009
    2009 Palatability and anti-predatory chemical defenses in a suite of ascidians from the Western Antarctic Peninsula 2009
    2008 Intraspecific agonistic arm-fencing behavior in the Antarctic keystone sea star Odontaster validus influences prey acquisition 2008
    2008 Mesofauna associated with the marine sponge Amphimedon viridis. Do its physical or chemical attributes provide a prospective refuge from fish predation? 2008
    2008 A laboratory study of behavioral interactions of the Antarctic keystone sea star Odontaster validus with three sympatric predatory sea stars 2008
    2007 Chemical defenses against diatom fouling in antarctic macroalgae: Insights from bioassay guided fractionation 2007
    2007 Ecdysteroids from the antarctic tunicate Synoicum adareanum 2007
    2007 Occurrence of three different genotypes of the filamentous brown alga Geminocarpus (Acinetosporaceae, ectocarpales, phaeophyceae) in Antarctica 2007
    2007 Palatability of palmaria decipiens and its endo/epiphyte elachista antarctica to three common antarctic amphipods 2007
    2007 Effects of sonication and advanced chemical oxidants on the unicellular green alga Dunaliella tertiolecta and cysts, larvae and adults of the brine shrimp Artemia salina: A prospective treatment to eradicate invasive organisms from ballast water 2007
    2007 Patterns of gammaridean amphipod abundance and species composition associated with dominant subtidal macroalgae from the western Antarctic Peninsula 2007
    2007 Life strategy, ecophysiology and ecology of seaweeds in polar waters 2007
    2007 Allocation patterns of phlorotannins in Antarctic brown algae 2007
    2006 Lack of defense or phlorotannin induction by UV radiation or mesograzers in Desmarestia anceps and D. menziesii (Phaeophyceae) 2006
    2006 The use of computer-assisted motion analysis for quantitative studies of the behaviour of barnacle (Balanus amphitrite) larvae 2006
    2006 The biochemical composition, energy content, and chemical antifeedant defenses of the common Antarctic Peninsular sea stars Granaster nutrix and Neosmilaster georgianus 2006
    2006 Palmerolide A, a cytotoxic macrolide from the antarctic tunicate Synoicum adareanum 2006
    2006 Activators of viral gene expression in polarized epithelial monolayers identified by rapid-throughput drug screening 2006
    2006 Palmerolide A, a Cytotoxic Macrolide from the Antarctic Tunicate Synoicum a dareanum 2006
    2006 Bioassay-guided fractionation of antifouling compounds using computer-assisted motion analysis of brown algal spore swimming 2006
    2006 Phototactic responses of Elachista antarctica skottsberg swarmers 2006
    2006 Potential chemical defenses against endophytes and epiphytes in Antarctic macroalgae 2006
    2006 Feeding rates of common Antarctic gammarid amphipods on ecologically important sympatric macroalgae 2006
    2006 Effects of temperature and light on growth of the Antarctic algae Geminocarpus gemimatus (Ectocarpales: Phaeophyceae) and Cladophora repens (Cladophorales: Cladophorophyceae) in culture 2006
    2005 Feeding rates of common antarctic gammarid amphipods on ecologically important sympatric macroalgae 2005
    2005 Palatability and chemical defenses of Antarctic Peninsula sponges 2005
    2005 The use of sonication and advanced chemical oxidants as mechanisms to eradicate macroinvertebrates in ballast water under static and continuous flow regimes 2005
    2005 Potential chemical defenses against diatom fouling in Antarctic macroalgae 2005
    2005 Within-thallus variation in chemical and physical defences in two species of ecologically dominant brown macroalgae from the Antarctic Peninsula 2005
    2005 Variation in phlorotannin content within two species of brown macroalgae (Desmarestia anceps and D. menziesii) from the Western Antarctic Peninsula 2005
    2005 CHEMICAL ECOLOGY OF ECOLOGICALLY DOMINANT DESMARESTIA SPP. ALONG THE WESTERN ANTARCTIC PENINSULA 2005
    2005 Comprehensive evaluation of the palatability and chemical defenses of subtidal macroalgae from the Antarctic Peninsula 2005
    2005 A comparative analysis of the nutritional and elemental composition of macroalgae from the western Antarctic Peninsula 2005
    2005 Defensive and Sensory Chemical Ecology of Brown Algae 2005
    2005 Ecology of antarctic marine sponges: An overview 2005
    2004 Biochemical composition, energy content and chemical antifeedant and antifoulant defenses of the colonial antarctic ascidian Distaplia cylindrica 2004
    2004 Morphological and biological traits of Antarctic Peninsular macroalgae influencing distribution and abundance of associated amphipods 2004
    2004 Biochemical composition, energy content and chemical antifeedant and antifoulant defenses of the colonial Antarctic ascidian Distaplia cylindrica 2004
    2004 Chemical investigation of predator-deterred macroalgae from the Antarctic Peninsula 2004
    2004 Further membranolide diterpenes from the Antarctic sponge Dendrilla membranosa 2004
    2004 Clonal variation in phototaxis and settlement behaviors of Hincksia irregularis (Phaeophyceae) spores 2004
    2003 The ecology of Antarctic marine sponges 2003
    2003 A New Antifouling Bioassay Monitoring Brown Algal Spore Swimming Behaviour in the Presence of Echinoderm Extracts 2003
    2003 Individual and Coupled Effects of Echinoderm Extracts and Surface Hydrophobicity on Spore Settlement and Germination in the Brown Alga Hincksia irregularis 2003
    2003 Chemical defences in embryos and juveniles of two common Antarctic sea stars and an isopod 2003
    2003 Surface sequestration of chemical feeding deterrents in the Antarctic sponge Latrunculia apicalis as an optimal defense against sea star spongivory 2003
    2003 Tissue-specific palatability and chemical defenses against macropredators and pathogens in the common articulate brachiopod Liothyrella uva from the Antarctic Peninsula 2003
    2002 Chemo-tactile predator avoidance responses of the common Antarctic limpet Nacella concinna 2002
    2002 Light boundaries and the coupled effects of surface hydrophobicity and light on spore settlement in the brown alga Hincksia irregularis (Phaeophyceae) 2002
    2001 Regeneration in Echinoderm Larvae 2001
    2001 Induced defenses in macroalgae: The herbivore makes a difference 2001
    2001 Introduction to the Symposium: Antarctic Marine Biology1 2001
    2001 Utilization of a novel deuterostome model for the study of regeneration genetics: Molecular cloning of genes that are differentially expressed during early stages of larval sea star regeneration 2001
    2001 Qualitative and quantitative studies of the swimming behaviour Hincksia irregularis (Phaeophyceae) spores: Ecological implication parameters for quantitative swimming assays 2001
    2001 Secondary metabolites as mediators of trophic interactions among antarctic marine organisms 2001
    2000 Chemo-tactile predator avoidance responses of the Antarctic limpet, Nacella concinna. 2000
    2000 Starfish saponins, LVI. Three new asterosaponins from the starfish Goniopecten demonstrans 2000
    2000 Chemotactic tube-foot responses of the spongivorous sea star Perknaster fuscus to organic extracts of sponges from McMurdo Sound, Antarctica 2000
    2000 Chemical defenses against diatom fouling in Antarctic marine sponges 2000
    1999 An antarctic feeding triangle: Defensive interactions between macroalgae, sea urchins, and sea anemones 1999
    1999 Characterization of novel genes expressed during regeneration in larval sea stars. 1999
    1999 Nutrients do not influence swimming behavior or settlement rates of Ectocarpus siliculosus (Phaeophyceae) spores 1999
    1999 The chemical ecology of antarctic marine organisms. 1999
    1998 Chemical defense against herbivory in the Antarctic marine macroalgae Iridaea cordata and Phyllophora antarctica (Rhodophyceae) 1998
    1997 Isolation, structure elucidation, and biological activity of the steroid oligoglycosides and polyhydroxysteroids from the Antarctic starfish Acodontaster conspicuus 1997
    1996 Use of computer-assisted motion analysis for quantitative measurements of swimming behavior in peritrichously flagellated bacteria 1996
    1996 FliG and FliM distribution in the Salmonella typhimurium cell and flagellar basal bodies 1996
    1996 Tyrosine 106 of CheY plays an important role in chemotaxis signal transduction in Escherichia coli 1996
    1995 Vertical distribution of Antarctic peninsular macroalgae: Cover, biomass and species composition 1995
    1993 Multiple factors underlying the maximum motility of Escherichia coli as cultures enter post-exponential growth 1993
    1993 NEUTRAL LIPIDS AS MAJOR STORAGE PRODUCTS IN ZOOSPORES OF THE GIANT KELP MACROCYSTIS PYRIFERA (PHAEOPHYCEAE) 1993
    1992 The microclimate inhabited by macroalgal propaguies 1992
    1992 Dispersal in kelps: factors affecting spore swimming and competency 1992
    1991 PHOTOSYNTHETIC PHYSIOLOGY AND CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF SPORES OF THE KELPS MACROCYSTIS PYRIFERA, NEREOCYSTIS LUETKEANA, LAMINARIA FARLOWII, AND PTERYGOPHORA CALIFORNICA (PHAEOPHYCEAE) 1991
    1990 Nutrient stimulation of spore settlement in the kelps Pterygophora californica and Macrocystis pyrifera 1990
    1990 Diel periodicity of spore release from the kelp Nereocystis luetkeana (Mertens) Postels et Ruprecht 1990
    1989 Chemotactic effects of nutrients on spores of the kelps Macrocytis pyrifera and Pterygophora california 1989
    1985 Field and Laboratory Studies of Giffordia mitchelliae (Phaeophyceae) in North Carolina 1985
    1985 GIFFORDIA ONSLOWENSIS SP. NOV. (PHAEOPHYCEAE) FROM THE NORTH CAROLINA CONTINENTAL SHELF AND THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN GIFFORDIA AND ACINETOSPORA 1985
    1984 The Occurrence of Codium fragile subsp. tomentosoides and C. taylorii (Chlorophyta) in North Carolina 1984
    1980 VERTICAL DISTRIBUTION OF SEAWEED SPORES IN A WATER COLUMN OFFSHORE OF NORTH CAROLINA 1980

    Book

    Year Title Altmetric
    2008 Algal chemical ecology.  Ed. 9783540741817.  2008
    2008 Preface.  Ed. 9783540741817.  2008

    Chapter

    Year Title Altmetric
    2013 Chemistry and ecological role of starfish secondary metabolites.  81-89. 2013
    2008 Algal sensory chemical ecology.  297-309. 2008
    2008 Macroalgal chemical defenses in polar marine communities.  91-103. 2008
    2007 Life strategy, ecophysiology and ecology of seaweeds in polar waters.  213-244. 2007
    2001 The chemical ecology of invertebrate meroplankton and holoplankton.  195-226. 2001

    Research Overview

  • The research that my students and I conduct is centered in several areas, but most involve chemical interactions between organisms or ways in which organisms perceive, respond to, or otherwise interact with their chemical environments. A recent extension of this work is understanding the impacts of ocean acidification and other climate change factors on marine organisms.

    A particular area of ongoing interest over the past 15 years or more has been the interactions of Antarctic macroalgae and benthic invertebrates. These investigations have often involved studies of chemical defenses against predators but have also included studies of potential defenses against pathogens or fouling organisms. More recent efforts have extended this work to broader questions about the structure of Antarctic benthic communities. We are also interested in analogous questions with temperate and tropical organisms.

    My laboratory also studies algal ecophysiology, often beginning with quantitative studies of the biochemistry, physiology, or swimming behavior of single cells. These algal studies start with the cell and focus in large part on physiological and behavioral adaptations to the microenvironments of the biofilm and planktonic communities. A common area of interest is the influence of nutrient and other chemical gradients on the swimming and settlement behavior of algal spores.

    I am also interested in the ecophysiology and population structure of Antarctic macroalgae and microalgae. Other, previous work has included research on environmental factors governing algal seasonality, the taxonomy of filamentous brown algae, and bacterial chemotactic signal transduction.

    Marine Ecophysiology, Chemical Ecology
  • Teaching Activities

  • BY123 - Introductory Biology I (Fall Term 2019) 2019
  • BY798 - Nondissertation Research (Fall Term 2019) 2019
  • BY799 - Dissertation Research (Fall Term 2019) 2019
  • BY799 - Dissertation Research (Summer Term 2019) 2019
  • BY397 - Advanced Directed Readings (Spring Term 2019) 2019
  • BY474 - Chemical Ecology (Spring Term 2019) 2019
  • BY799 - Dissertation Research (Spring Term 2019) 2019
  • BY474 - Chemical Ecology (Fall Term 2018) 2018
  • BY674 - Chemical Ecology (Fall Term 2018) 2018
  • BY798 - Nondissertation Research (Fall Term 2018) 2018
  • BY798 - Nondissertation Research (Summer Term 2018) 2018
  • BY798 - Nondissertation Research (Spring Term 2018) 2018
  • BY642 - Experimental Phycology (Fall Term 2017) 2017
  • BY642L - Experimental Phycology Lab (Fall Term 2017) 2017
  • BY795 - Special Topics in Biology I (Fall Term 2017) 2017
  • BY798 - Nondissertation Research (Fall Term 2017) 2017
  • BY798 - Nondissertation Research (Summer Term 2017) 2017
  • BY798 - Nondissertation Research (Spring Term 2017) 2017
  • BY123 - Introductory Biology I (Fall Term 2016) 2016
  • BY474 - Chemical Ecology (Fall Term 2016) 2016
  • BY674 - Chemical Ecology (Fall Term 2016) 2016
  • BY798 - Nondissertation Research (Fall Term 2016) 2016
  • BY698 - Nonthesis Research (Spring Term 2016) 2016
  • BY474 - Chemical Ecology (Fall Term 2015) 2015
  • BY595 - Special Topics in Biology I (Fall Term 2015) 2015
  • BY674 - Chemical Ecology (Fall Term 2015) 2015
  • BY698 - Nonthesis Research (Fall Term 2015) 2015
  • BY799 - Dissertation Research (Summer Term 2014) 2014
  • BY799 - Dissertation Research (Spring Term 2014) 2014
  • BY798 - Nondissertation Research (Fall Term 2013) 2013
  • BY799 - Dissertation Research (Fall Term 2013) 2013
  • BY474 - Chemical Ecology (Fall Term 2012) 2012
  • BY674 - Chemical Ecology (Fall Term 2012) 2012
  • BY692 - Seminar in Ecology (Fall Term 2012) 2012
  • BY792 - Seminar in Ecology (Fall Term 2012) 2012
  • BY123 - Introductory Biology I (Fall Term 2011) 2011
  • BY692 - Seminar in Ecology (Fall Term 2011) 2011
  • BY792 - Seminar in Ecology (Fall Term 2011) 2011
  • BY474 - Chemical Ecology (Fall Term 2010) 2010
  • BY674 - Chemical Ecology (Fall Term 2010) 2010
  • BY442 - Experimental Phycology (Fall Term 2009) 2009
  • BY442L - Experimental Phycology Lab (Fall Term 2009) 2009
  • BY642 - Experimental Phycology (Fall Term 2009) 2009
  • BY642L - Experimental Phycology Lab (Fall Term 2009) 2009
  • BY474 - Chemical Ecology (Spring Term 2009) 2009
  • BY674 - Chemical Ecology (Spring Term 2009) 2009
  • BY123 - Introductory Biology I (Fall Term 2008) 2008
  • BY499 - Biology Seminar (Fall Term 2008) 2008
  • BY688 - Seminar in Algal Ecophysiology (Fall Term 2008) 2008
  • BY788 - Sem in Algal Ecophysiology (Fall Term 2008) 2008
  • BY123 - Introductory Biology I (Fall Term 2007) 2007
  • Full Name

  • Charles Amsler